7-nanometer matakai na iya ba da damar sanya masu sarrafawa sama da 5 GHz

processor-raya

Ba wannan bane karo na farko da zamuyi magana akan mabambanta Tsarin sarrafa kayan sarrafawa, Wani batun da ya zama kamar yau ya mamaye tare da ƙarfe Samsung wanda ke ganin yadda kusan dukkanin abokan hamayyarsa a yau ba zasu iya yin gasa tare da kyawawan kayan fasaha ba.

Kamar yadda tabbas zakuyi tunani, babbar matsalar dake tattare da canza tsarin ƙera masana'antu ba kawai a cikin bincike da haɓaka fasahar da ake buƙata ba ta yadda za a iya aiwatar da wannan canjin, amma ana buƙatar ci gaban tattalin arziki da ilimi sosai don haka, wannan juyin a cikin matakai, kar a zama gazawa, wani abu wanda ƙananan kamfanoni kaɗan ne a duniya da za su iya samun damar ko suke son biya.

Canza tsarin masana'anta kai tsaye yana shafar aikin yi da amfani da ƙarfi na guntu

Don fahimtar wannan batun gaba ɗaya kaɗan, gaya muku cewa sarrafawa don haɓaka ƙaramin tsarin masana'antu ba wani abu bane 'gaye', amma daidai kai tsaye yana tasiri kan aiki da ci cewa takamaiman mai sarrafawa na iya bayarwa, wani abu wanda a ƙarshe aka fassara shi don samun masu sarrafawa guda biyu don kwamfutoci da katunan zane waɗanda suka fi ƙarfin gaske, masu ƙarfi da inganci game da amfani da makamashi.

Duk da cewa akwai masu fafatawa da yawa, bawai muna magana ne kawai game da Samsung ba, amma a cikin jerin mun sami wasu kamfanoni masu mahimmanci da ƙimar duniya kamar AMD, Nvidia da Intel, gaskiyar ita ce kamar dai Koriya ce kamfanin wanda yake mataki ne na gaba, aƙalla har zuwa yanzu, a wannan lokacin sanarwar manema labarai daga GlobalFoundries, wani kamfani da ya sanar da cewa suna kusa da aiwatar da ayyukan masana'antu na 7 nanomita.

GlobalFoundries tuni yana kan aikin kera na'urori masu sarrafa nanometer guda 7

Don samun ra'ayin abin da sanarwar da shugabannin GlobalFoundries suka yi take nufi, gaya muku hakan AMD yana shirin ƙaddamar da sabon Ryzen da Threadripper dangane da tsarin masana'antu na 14 nanometers da 12 nanometers bi da bi, wata fasaha da suke da niyyar canzawa har sai sun kai 7 nanometers a 2019 da 5 nanometers tuni a 2020. A nasu bangare, Intel yana son kera masu sarrafawa 10 nanomita wannan shekarar yayin, by NVDIA, zai fara aiki da 12 nanomita.

Kamar yadda kake gani, muna magana ne game da mahimmin magana, wanda zai iya zama mabuɗin ɗayan ko ɗayan kamfanin sun sami ƙarin rabo a kasuwa inda ake ganin fa'idodi sune ginshikin nasarar su, saboda haka yawan albarkatun tattalin arzikin da waɗannan kamfanoni ke sakawa don cimma matsayin mizani a kasuwannin su yana da yawa.

mai hoto

Godiya ga hanyoyin sarrafa nanometer 7, zai yuwu a karya katangar 5 GHz a cikin masu sarrafawa na yanzu

Idan muka danyi cikakken bayani, zan fada muku cewa a saman wadannan layukan na bar muku hoto inda wani nau'in hoto yake wakilta da GlobalFoundries ana so a nuna ta hanya mai sauƙi yadda, ta hanyar canza tsarin masana'antar masu sarrafawa, ana iya haɓaka aikin mai sarrafawa. A cikin wannan misalin, a fili yake mai sarrafawa guda ɗaya ne, wanda aka kera shi a cikin 7 nanometers, kara ayyukanku da kashi 40% idan aka kwatanta da mai sarrafawa guda ɗaya da aka yi a cikin 14 nanometer. A lokaci guda, an kuma rage amfani da wutar da kashi 60%.

Masu sarrafawa daban-daban da aka ƙera a cikin nanomita 7 zasuyi aiki sosai kuma ana tsammanin cewa, bi da bi, zasu zafafa kaɗan. Waɗannan halayen za su ba da izinin ƙirƙirar kayan aiki tare da watsawa mara amfani, wani abu da zai iya zama mahimmanci misali a cikin kwamfyutocin tafi-da-gidanka da sauran na'urorin hannu inda ake ganin cewa babu sarari don tsarin iska mai rikitarwa. Duk wannan dole ne mu ƙara wani abu mai sauƙi kamar gaskiyar cewa, a ƙarshe, za mu iya shawo kan shingen da kamar ba za a iya samunsa ba har kwanan nan, na 5 GHz akan masu sarrafawa.

Don samun ra'ayin ƙarshen, gaya muku cewa, a yau, da AMD Ryzen 2700X, wanda ya fice saboda suna iya aiki a 3'7 GHz kai 4'35 GHz a cikin haɓaka yanayin aiki, zama ƙera a cikin 7 nanometer tafiyar matakai na iya karya shingen 5 GHz a yanayin haɓakawa.


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