Burtaniya ta fara amfani da iska mai ruwa don adana yawan makamashi daga layin wutar lantarki

Ƙasar Ingila

Da yawa matsaloli ne da a yau suke da hanyoyin sadarwar lantarki da ke aiki a duk duniya, musamman matsalolin da suka shafi aiki iri ɗaya tunda, a zahiri kuma sanya shi ta wata hanya ba tare da yin cikakken bayani ba, aiki yana dogara ne akan daidaituwaA wasu kalmomin, idan har cajin wayar hannu an haɗa shi da cibiyar sadarwar da a baya baya cinye na yanzu, dole ne a gabatar da wannan halin a wani lokaci a cikin hanyar sadarwa.

Saboda daidai wannan, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa da ɗan kaɗan aka sanya ra'ayin hanyar sadarwa ta lantarki, daidai inda kasancewar batir zai ɗauki babban matsayi, don haka ba lallai ba ne cewa masana'antar samar da wuta ko wani nau'i na janareta sun fitar da wannan kuzarin da muke bukata a wani lokaci da sauran 'tafi', amma ana adana wannan ƙarin ta wata hanya don samun damar cinye shi idan ya zama dole. Tunani wanda ya riga ya fara ɗaukar hoto saboda ra'ayoyi irin wanda ke faruwa a Burtaniya.


batirin iska mai ruwa

Kingdomasar Burtaniya ta ƙaddamar da wata hanya ta musamman don adana makamashi ta amfani da iska mai ruwa

A wannan ma'anar, a yau ina so in gaya muku yadda Kingdomasar Ingila ta haɓaka sabon tsarin adana makamashi wanda zai iya tallafawa har zuwa 15 MWh. Abu mafi ban sha'awa game da shi shine hanyar da aka adana shi tunda komai ya faru don amfani da wutar lantarki mai yawa da ke cikin cibiyar sadarwar don sanyaya iskar da ke kewaye zuwa -196 digiri Celsius, yanayin zafin inda iskar gas a cikin iska ke zama ruwa. An saka wannan ruwan daga baya a cikin akwati mai ƙananan iska.

Da zarar mun tanadi wannan ruwan, a dai-dai lokacin da cibiyar sadarwar ke bukatar karin wutar lantarki, ana tuka ruwan a matsi inda zai sake zama mai iska sannan kuma ya zafafa ta hanyar mai musayar. A wannan lokacin ana iya amfani da iskar gas da aka samar don fitar da injin turbin kuma don haka ya sake samar da wutar lantarki.

Wannan sabuwar fasahar tana ba da fa'idodi masu mahimmanci idan aka kwatanta da tsarin da ake amfani da shi a yau

A yau akwai hanyoyi da yawa ga irin wannan fasaha a kasuwa. Na farkon su na iya zama, ta kamanceceniya, wanda ake kira da Matsa Haɗin Makamashin Sama kuma ya bambanta da wannan ta yadda iska ke shayarwa maimakon matse shi, wanda a karshe babbar fa'ida ce ta fuskar adanawa, musamman idan muka yi la'akari da cewa a cikin wanda aka yi amfani da shi a Ingila ana amfani da su ƙananan tankunan matsi maimakon buƙatar babbar kogon ɓoye don ajiya.

A gefe guda, idan muka kwatanta wannan sabuwar fasahar da famfo ruwa, inda ake amfani da wutar lantarki mai yawa don fara jerin famfunan ruwa tare da isasshen ƙarfin ɗaukar ruwa zuwa tafkin da yake sama da injin turmin mai amfani da lantarki. Idan lokaci ya yi kuma lokacin da bukatar hakan ta taso, sai wannan matattarar ta bude kofofinta, ta watsar da ruwan wanda, yayin da yake ratsawa ta cikin turbin, zai fara samar da makamashin lantarki. Idan muka gwada fasahar guda biyu, zamu sami tsarin adana makamashi ta amfani da iska mai ruwa da aka aiwatar a Burtaniya baya buƙatar tsarin ruwa ko bambancin hawa don aiki.

Don samun mummunan ma'ana a cikin wannan tsarin adana makamashi mai ban sha'awa dole ne mu kwatanta wannan fasaha, misali, tare da amfani da batirin lithium A wannan ma'anar, gaskiya ne cewa dangane da inganci, daidai yake a cikin ajiyar makamashi ta hanyar amfani da iska mai ruwa ɗaya ne kawai 60 zuwa 75% yayin amfani da batura wannan ingancin ya tashi zuwa maki tsakanin 75 zuwa 85%. A gefe guda, batirin lithium-ion, kuma, zai iya amsa buƙata kusan nan take, yayin da fasahar da aka yi amfani da ita a wannan injin ɗin a cikin Kingdomasar Ingila, saboda ayyukanta, na buƙatar lokaci mai tsayi don fara aiki. kuma yana fara samarda wutar lantarki.


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