Masana kimiyya na CERN sun gano menene antimatter mai launi

antimatter mai sanyi

A dai-dai lokacin da sha'awarmu ke haifar mana da kokarin fahimta kuma sama da duka fahimtar dukkan wadancan takardu na kimiyya da suke kiran hankalinmu, zamu fara karantawa game da wasu ra'ayoyi na neman sauyi irin su antiparticles, antimatter ... wanda, duk da cewa sunan su na iya kusan ko familiarasa sani, gaskiyar ita ce ba mu san ma'anarta kwata-kwata ba.

Yau lokaci ne don sanin duk waɗannan sharuɗɗan kaɗan. Tabbas idan wani ya baka shawara ka zana yadda antimatter yake, bayar da launi, cin kuɗin ka zai zana wasu nau'ikan baƙin ɗigo, wani abu mai ma'ana a ɗaya bangaren, har ma fiye da haka idan muka yi la'akari da jahilcin mu na farko game da wannan filin. Yanzu kuma godiya ga CERN, da Europeanungiyar Turai don Nazarin Nukiliya, Mun san daidai launi wannan kayan.

Menene game da antimatter, antihydrogen, da sauran sharuɗɗa?

Don fahimtar batun antimatter da ɗan kyau, Ina so in ba ku misali mai sauƙi wanda nake fata yana da sauƙin fahimta. Asali a yanayi akwai abubuwa daban-daban kamar kwayar halittar hydrogen ko lantarki. Duk waɗannan abubuwan na ɗabi'a, bi da bi, suna da wani nau'i na tagwaye, ɓangaren da ke gaban wutar lantarki. A cikin takamaiman yanayin wutan lantarki, abin da ya riga ya zama zai zama antielectron ko positron yayin da, game da hydrogen, antiparticle dinta zai zama antihydrogen.

Idan muka ci gaba zuwa mataki daya, zamu ga cewa lokacin da yawancin kwayoyin halitta suka hadu wuri daya suna kirkirar abin da ake kira antimatter. A wannan lokacin ina so in gaya muku cewa, duk da kalmar, gaskiyar ita ce, ba mu magana game da wani abu face batun, face banda cewa antimatter yana da akasin tuhumar abin da muka sani. Abin da yake gaskiya shi ne cewa, Idan kwayar kwayar halitta da daya daga cikin antimatter suka hadu, gaba daya kuma gwargwadon ilimin kimiyyar lissafi, zasu lalata juna kuma suka zama masu daukar hoto mai karfin gaske.

cern

ALungiyar ALPHA a CERN an ba ta izini don bayyana launin antimatter

Zuwa cikin dalla-dalla dalla-dalla, kamar yadda aka bayyana ta hanyar takaddar hukuma, ya kasance ERungiyar CERN ALPHA, wanda ke aiki a halin yanzu a kan aikin da aka keɓe su don ƙirƙirar antimatter, musamman antihydrogen antiparticles don gano iyakokin kimiyyar lissafi, waɗanda suka sami damar bayyana da ainihin launi launi na antimatter.

Musamman kuma a cikin sabon gwajin da suka cimma auna launin antimatter tare da daidaiton wurare goma goma. Kamar yadda waɗanda ke da alhakin ƙungiyar suka bayyana, gaskiyar ita ce cewa an ƙaddamar da gwajin a matsayin mai nasara kodayake masana kimiyya, a bayyane yake, sun ce sun ɗan ɓata rai saboda ba su sami abin da suke nema da gaske ba.

sashen alpha

Ta yaya suka gudanar da auna launin antimatter a CERN?

Don aiwatar da wannan gwajin, kamar yadda aka ruwaito a hukumance, ƙungiyar CERN ALPHA ta kirkirar antihydrogen ta hanyar hada positrons da antiproton da aka samo tare da Antiproton Decelerator suna da tsakiya. Da zarar an gama wannan matakin, ƙungiyar ta samu nasara tarko antihydrogen a cikin tarkon maganadisu, da zarar an daidaita, a katako na laser don auna launin launinsa tare da madaidaiciyar har yanzu ba a cimma ba.

A bayyane kuma kamar yadda ƙungiyar da ke kula da gudanar da wannan gwajin ta buga, sakamakon gwajin ya kasance abin takaici saboda launuka bakan da aka samu daidai yake da na hydrogen. A wannan lokacin, ya kamata a sani cewa masana kimiyya suna da fatan samun wasu ƙananan canje-canje wanda zai basu damar mai da hankali kan sabbin hanyoyin bincike tare da manufar gano dalilin da yasa akwai wasu ƙwayoyin cuta da yawa a cikin duniya a yau fiye da antimatter.


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