Masana kimiyya na kasar Sin sun kirkiro tsutsotsi masu karfin samar da siliki mai tsananin karfi

Seda

Muna cikin karshen mako kuma, kafin mu fara sabo, Ina so mu tsaya na ɗan lokaci mu fahimci inda duniyar halittar jini take. A wannan yanayin musamman ina so in gaya muku game da aikin Sinawa wanda a ciki, godiya ga canjin yanayin tsutsaeh, zasu iya fara yin gizo-gizo siliki.

Don fahimtar ɗan ma'anar wannan aikin da kuma dalilin da ya sa ake sa hannun mutane da albarkatun tattalin arziki don haɓakawa, gaya muku cewa a yau kaddarorin gidan gizo-gizo suna sanya wannan abu ya zama abin birgewa, musamman ma dukiyoyinsa waɗanda ke sa shi juriya ga gogayya da ductility.

halittar jini

Godiya ga wannan aikin, silkworm na iya yin gizo-gizo siliki

Don samun saukin fahimta game da dalilin da ya sa wadannan masu binciken na kasar Sin suke sha'awar irin wannan kayan, gaya muku cewa a daidai, idan muka sayi siliki na gizo-gizo da wani abu, alal misali, za mu ga cewa wannan shi ne Karfi da karfe, a lokaci guda cewa yana iya zama sassauƙa da haske wanda ke nufin cewa ana iya amfani da shi don yawan aikace-aikace.

Matsalar da muke da ita a yau yayin amfani da siliki na gizo-gizo ba wani bane face gaskiyar hakan yana da matukar wahala girbi a lokaci guda cewa lallai yana buƙatar hanya mai matukar wahala. Saboda wannan kuma don haɓaka samarwa gwargwadon iko, an gudanar da gwaje-gwaje tare da dabbobi daban-daban inda muka samu daga caca kamar yadda ya dace kamar tsutsotsi na hedkwatar ko haka 'da wuya'yadda ake zuwa don canza dabi'un halittar awaki.

kwalliyar siliki

An canza awaki bisa tsarin halittar jini don yin siliki

Kafin ci gaba, tunda tabbas batun awaki zai bar ka, kamar ni a lokacin, dan damuwa, in gaya maka cewa kawai mafita ce mai yiwuwa kuma akasarin ra'ayin ya kunshi canjin yanayin ne domin dabbobi su kasance mai iya samar da sunadarai masu dauke da gizo-gizo a cikin madararsu. Ba abin mamaki ba, wannan wata hanya ce kai tsaye wanda za a kira shi cewa masu binciken sun zaɓi amfani da dabba wanda ya samar da hedkwatarsa ​​kamar yadda aka fi sani da silkworm.

Kamar yadda dukkanmu muka sani, daya daga cikin kebantattun al'amuran silkworm shine cewa daga tafiya zuwa kwari zuwa asu, wadannan an nannade su cikin jerin zaren da su da kansu suke samarwa. Waɗannan su ne zaren da aka gyaru saboda godiya ga jerin canjin halittar cikin tsutsotsi. A zahiri abin da masu binciken suka yi shi ne DNAara DNA daga gizo-gizo-saƙa na zinare zuwa DNA na silkworm. Sakamakon ya kasance kai tsaye kuma abun cikin gizo-gizo siliki a cikin zaren da dabbar ta samar shine 35.2%.

halittar jini

Har yanzu akwai sauran jan aiki a gaba kafin ya zama mai yiwuwa don kasuwanci da gizo-gizo siliki

Yanzu wadannan cigaban ba ya nufin cewa a ƙarshe muna mataki ɗaya daga ƙirƙirar gizo-gizo siliki mai ban sha'awa na kasuwanci tunda yawan da ake buƙata don wannan har yanzu yana da nisa kuma buƙatu, dangane da tsadar tattalin arziƙi, don samun ingantaccen samarwa har yanzu yana da yawa. Saboda wannan, wannan rukunin masu binciken suma suna gwada wasu hanyoyi, kamar ƙara DNA daga gizo-gizo saƙar zinare a cikin alfalfa har ma a cikin E.coli, abin takaici babu ɗayansu da ya iya tabbatar da cewa shine mafita da za'a ƙara shi samar da siliki na gizo-gizo.

Kamar yadda aka sanar, ga alama ra'ayin wannan rukunin masu binciken shine inganta fasahar da silkworm din ke samarda wannan jerin zaren saboda haka na musamman tunda, a tsakanin sauran fa'idodin, wannan hanyar tana sanya siliki shirye don amfani da zaran kwarin ya juya shi, ma'ana, ba lallai bane a ciro shi ko sarrafa shi ta kowace hanya. A gefe guda, ƙarin tsaftacewa da gwaji akan wannan dabarar na iya ba ta damar dacewa da sababbin sifofin da ba a gano su ba tukuna.


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