Mun ɗan kusa kusa da haɗakar nukiliya saboda aikin, da sauransu, Mutanen Espanya Pablo Rodríguez

haɗin nukiliya

A yau gaskiyar ita ce cewa akwai masu bincike da cibiyoyi da yawa da ke cikin ayyukan da ke da alaƙa da dangantaka da su haɗin nukiliya. za mu iya wadatar da kanmu da kuzarin da ake samu daga haɗin nukiliya.

Gaskiyar ita ce, akwai masana kimiyya da yawa waɗanda, ta wata hanya ko wata, suka sami ci gaba sosai a wannan fagen, kodayake har yanzu akwai sauran matsaloli da yawa da za a warware mana don ganin farkon mahaɗin haɗakar nukiliya yana aiki ko bayar da makamashi. Daga cikin manyan matsaloli mun sami hakan a zahiri fahimtarmu game da yadda plasma da muke aiki da ita a wannan nau'in halayen take aiki, a ce mafi ƙarancin, ba cikakke ba.

makamashi

Kodayake mun daɗe muna binciken haɗakar makaman nukiliya, amma gaskiyar ita ce har yanzu muna da nisa daga fahimtar ta

Idan aka ce matsawarmu ajizi ce to hakan na iya zama kamar ba zato ba tsammani tunda, saboda yawan ayyukan binciken da aka gudanar, masana kimiyya sun sami nasara matse yadda plasma take da girma sosai, aƙalla lokacin da wannan yake ciki daidaitattun yanayi. Abun takaici lokacin da yake tafiya daga yanayin kwanciyar hankali zuwa tashin hankali, halayyar sa a zahiri tana ɓata duk fahimtarmu, karatunmu har ma da ra'ayoyin.

Misali mafi kyau na matsalolin da duk masana kimiyya masu aiki a wannan fanni ke fuskanta ana iya samunsu a daidai lokacin da muka yanke shawarar fara sanyaya gefan plasma ɗin da muke da shi ta hanyar dogaro da abin da ke amfani da makamashin nukiliya. Dangane da wannan farkon sanyaya mun gano cewa ruwan jini, bisa ga karatu daban-daban, yana farawa yawan zafin jiki na gaggawa yana ƙaruwa abin da ba za a iya sarrafa shi ba, kamar nau'in bugun jini ne wanda ba za a iya bayanin sa ta amfani da samfuran jigilar zafin yau ba.

fe

Pablo Rodríguez, ɗalibin MIT wanda zai iya samo maganin wannan matsalar

Musamman, wannan matsalar takamaiman ƙaruwa cikin zafi a cikin plasma tana damun masana kimiyya fiye da shekaru 20. Abin mamaki, ya zama ƙungiyar masu bincike daga Cibiyar Fasaha ta Massachusetts (MIT), ta hanyar takarda inda marubucin farko shine Mutanen Espanya Pablo Rodríguez, kawai ya fito da sabon samfurin jigilar zafi don ruwan jini wanda zai iya zama maganin da mutane da yawa ke jira tun da daɗewa.

Don neman, ko kuma ba da shawarar hanyar magance wannan matsalar mai rikitarwa, Pablo Rodríguez ya kasance yana aiki tare da MIT na irin na Tokamak na thermonuclear reactor don nazarin rikice-rikicen da zafin jiki ya haifar da faduwar da plasma ke fuskanta lokacin da muke ƙoƙarin kwantar da shi, aiki wanda, kamar yadda marubutan binciken suka yarda, ya kasance ba mai sauƙi ba. A cikin kalmomin Anne White, darektan kungiyar bincike:

Mun san cewa juyawar ruwan jini zai canza yayin waɗannan gwaje-gwajen bugun bugun sanyi, wani abu da ke da wahalar bincika shi. Muna buƙatar rarrabe ɗayan tasirin daga ɗayan ba tare da shakka ba.

tomakak

Har yanzu akwai sauran shekaru da dama da za mu ci gaba da cin gajiyar haduwar makaman nukiliya

Don cimma matsaya, ƙungiyar dole ne ta keɓance duk wata ma'amala tsakanin sauyawar motsi, kuzari, da kuma al'amarin da ke faruwa a cikin ruwan jini. Da zarar an cimma wannan matakin, membobin wannan sun zo ga cewa bugun sanyin yana da alaƙa da jigilar zafi kwata-kwata daga yanayin juyawar plasma.

Dangane da aikin da Pablo Rodríguez ya buga, mai kula da samfurin duk sakamakon da aka samu a cikin dukkan gwaje-gwajen da suka gabata, an kammala kammalawa a cikin ruwan akwai adadi mai yawa na tsarin tsari waɗanda ke cikin rauni mai rauni wanda zai iya canzawa da sauri idan akwai kowane irin rikici.


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