MIT ta yi imanin cewa haɗin nukiliya zai iya kasancewa cikin shiri cikin shekaru 15 kawai

haɗin nukiliya

Ba wannan bane karo na farko da ActualidadGadget tayi magana game da wani mahimmin abu ga ɗan adam kamar haɗin nukiliya. Kafin ci gaba, tunatar da kai cewa haɗakar nukiliya wani abu ne wanda har yanzu ba mu da damar yin amfani da shi tun, sabanin abin da muka saba da shi, abin da cibiyoyin ƙarfin nukiliyarmu ke yi a yau shi ne ɓarkewar nukiliya, ma'ana, maimakon haɗuwa da ƙwayoyi biyu (haɗuwa) abin da suke yi ya raba daya biyu (fission).

Da zarar mun sami wannan karami ko ƙasa, kodayake a cikin bayanin mun bar nuances da yawa don taɓawa don fahimtar ainihin bambance-bambance tsakanin ra'ayi ɗaya da ɗayan, a yau ina so muyi magana game da sabon takaddar da ke magana game da wannan al'amari wanda ya kasance wanda ƙungiyar injiniyoyi da masu bincike suka wallafa daga MIT, wanda suke tabbatar da godiya ga gano su na iya rage lokutan ci gaba sosai ta yadda sarrafa haɗakar nukiliya tabbas ya zama gaskiya.


makamin nukiliya

Wani rukuni na injiniyoyin MIT sun yi amannar cewa sun samo hanyar da za su yanke lokacin da ake buƙata don ci gaban haɗakar nukiliya da rabi

Don ku fahimci yadda batun haɗakar makaman nukiliya a yau yake, gaya muku cewa a yau akwai hanyoyi guda uku da za ku iya tabbatar da cewa ɗan adam zai iya jin daɗin duk fa'idodin makamashi da haɗin haɗin nukiliyar ya yi alkawarinsa. Wadannan hanyoyi guda uku sun ratsa ayyukan ITER, IFMIF DONES ko DEMO, iri daya ne wadanda manyan kungiyoyin binciken su suka tabbatar da cewa, a kalla har zuwa rabin karni, ba zasu gama aikin su ba, don haka muke magana, ba yawa ko kadan, na jira cewa na iya wuce shekaru 30.

Godiya madaidaiciya ga binciken da MIT ya yi, da alama waɗannan ƙayyadaddun lokacin za a iya raba su da rabi. A matsayin cikakken bayani, sanar da ni cewa an haɓaka wannan binciken tare da masu bincike daga Commonwealth Fusion Systems, wani kamfani mai zaman kansa wanda ya ƙware kan haɗin makaman nukiliya. A wurin aiki an gabatar mana da sabon superconductor za a iya amfani da shi wajen kera wani sabon ƙarni mai ƙarfin gaske da ƙaramin maganadisu ga waɗanda a halin yanzu ke amfani da rean tashoshin haɗin makaman nukiliya waɗanda aka gina ko kuma, idan aka gaza hakan, ana kan aikin su.

firikwensin

Godiya ga sabon superconductor, zamu sami damar kera ƙananan karafa da ƙarfin maganadisu wanda da su zamu gina mahaɗa sama da sau 65 waɗanda suka fi na yanzu girma.

Game da rawar maganadiso a cikin haɗuwar nukiliya, gaya muku cewa suna da mahimmiyar rawa tunda ke da alhakin killace jinin, wani abu wanda ba wani abu bane face gas wanda zai iya kaiwa zafin jiki kusa da digiri miliyan Celsius miliyan dari biyu. Wannan gas din shine yake da alhakin hadewar dutsiniya da tritium nuclei, ta haka yana samar da kwayar helium guda daya da kuma kwayar halitta mai karfi.

Wani babban aikin da maganadisu yake dashi a wannan nau'in reactors shine samar da isasshen matsin lamba tsakanin dutsiniya da tritium nuclei don haka, tare da taimakon babban zazzabin jini, an haɗa su duka. A wannan gaba, masana kimiyya da ke cikin aikin wannan aikin sun tabbatar da cewa ƙirƙirar wannan superconductor zai ba su damar ƙirƙirar ƙarin madaidaita da ƙarfin maganadiso, wanda zai fassara zuwa samun an rage girman mai kumburi da misalin sau 65.

haɗin nukiliya

Haɗin nukiliya ya kamata ya magance duk manyan matsalolin makamashi waɗanda mutane ke buƙata a yau

Don gwada yuwuwar aikin, injiniyoyin sun riga sun fara aiki don gina sabon mahaɗin haɗi, wanda aka yi masa baftisma da sunan SPARC kuma wancan, bisa ga zane-zane na farko, kamar yadda aka nuna, zai ninka sau ITER sau 65.

Abinda ya dace da yin amfani da wannan sabon ƙarfin maganadisu shine, kasancewa mafi ƙarfi, ana iya fuskantar matattarar ruwan plasma cikin matsi mafi girma, wanda hakan ke nuna cewa ba zai zama dole ba don ruwan jini ya kai irin wannan matsanancin zafin ba. A cikin waɗannan takamaiman yanayi, ƙwarewar makamashi ya kamata ya fi girma, wato, ga kowane naúrar kuzari da ake buƙata don aiwatar da haɗawar za mu sami raka'a biyu na amfani da makamashi mai amfani.


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