Graphene yana bawa haske damar isa sararin samaniya kamar girman zarra na zarra

graphene

Da yawa suna magana a cikin 'yan watannin nan game da yawan damar da abu kamar su yake graphene. Irin wannan lamarin ne, a wannan lokacin, da alama komai, daga batura zuwa sutura, ya fi kyau idan, a wani lokaci a ƙera shi, anyi amfani da graphene don ƙera ta.

Ba daga wannan duka ba, duk da cewa a yau akwai masu bincike da yawa waɗanda ke aiki akan sabbin zaɓuɓɓuka don wannan abu, aikin da ake saka kuɗi da yawa a ciki, gaskiyar ita ce cewa duk waɗannan labarai masu ban sha'awa suna da alama ba za su taɓa zuwa ba zuwa kasuwa. A wannan lokacin ina so muyi magana game da sabon aiki, wanda shine wanda, saboda taimakon graphene, ƙungiyar masu bincike suka sami damar yin haske ya kai sarari mafi ƙanƙanta fiye da tsawon zango, wani abu da bai kamata ya yiwu ba.


Godiya ga graphene, wani rukuni na masu bincike sun sami damar kawo haske a wuraren da basu fi tsayin sa tsawo ba

Kamar yadda yayi tsokaci a cikin bayanan nasa Frank koppen, babban mai binciken wannan aikin kuma ma'aikacin na Cibiyar Kimiyyar Photonic ta Spain:

Graphene ya ci gaba da ba mu mamaki: babu wanda ya yi tunanin cewa iyakance haske zuwa iyakar zarra zai iya yiwuwa. Zai buɗe sabon saitin aikace-aikace, kamar sadarwa ta hanyar sadarwa da na'urori masu auna sigina a sikelin ƙasa da nanometer ɗaya.

Kamar yadda kuke gani, la'akari da bayanan da Frank Koppens yayi, samun haske zuwa irin waɗannan ƙananan wuraren yana buɗe sabon abu filin da ke cike da dama, musamman a duniyar lantarki, na'urori masu auna firikwensin kwamfuta da na'urori masu daukar hoto na gaba. Musamman, wannan sabon abu, ko kuma aƙalla wannan shine yadda aka bayyana shi, na iya jagorantarmu don ƙirƙirar kwakwalwan kwamfuta don na'urorinmu waɗanda suka fi ƙanƙanci da waɗanda ake amfani da su a yau.

Amfani da graphene yana bamu damar jagorantar haske zuwa ƙananan yankuna kamar ƙaramar zarra

Idan muka dan yi karin bayani, zan fada muku hakan galibi haske ba za a iya mai da hankali a kan wani abu da ya fi ƙanƙan ƙarfinsa ba, wani shamaki wanda aka sanshi da sunan iyakar diffraction. Har zuwa yanzu, masu bincike da yawa suna aiki don shawo kan wannan iyaka, kodayake ƙuntatawa da aka sanya ta na nufin cewa dole ne a yi amfani da ƙarfi da yawa.

A wannan lokacin na musamman, masu binciken da ke kula da ci gaban wannan aikin sun yi amfani da abubuwa masu girma biyu, wadanda aka fi sani da heterostructures, don kirkirar sabuwar na'urar nano-optical wacce suka kara wa wani mai ba da izini yin aiki kamar dai semi-ƙarfe Godiya ga wannan ana iya jagorantar haske ta hanyar plasmonsTsarin lantarki wanda yake iya mu'amala da haske sosai kuma za'a iya amfani dashi don jagorantar sa.

A cikin kalmomin David alcaraz, ɗayan membobin ƙungiyar bincike masu aiki akan ci gaban wannan aikin:

Da farko muna neman sabuwar hanya don faranta ran plasmons. Madadin haka, mun gano cewa tsarewar ta fi ƙarfi fiye da da kuma ƙarin asarar ta yi kadan. Don haka muka yanke shawarar zuwa iyakar zarra tare da sakamako mai ban mamaki.

Dole ne muyi aiki kan rage sauran abubuwan haɗin guntu don cinma ƙananan na'urori

Ba tare da wata shakka ba, gaskiyar iya sarrafa haske a tashar da ba ta fi ƙarfin nanometer ba babban ci gaba ne wanda zai ba mutane damar ƙirƙiri ƙananan na'urori. Downarin fa'idar wannan shi ne cewa ƙananan ƙananan keɓaɓɓun maɓallan gani, masu auna firikwensin da masu ganowa suma za a haɓaka don cimma wannan.

Tuni aka fara aiki don haɓaka transistors masu haske. Da zarar an samu hanyar kirkirar masana'antu, zai zama na masu masana'antun ne, wadanda dole ne su aiwatar da shi don cimmawa shirya ƙarin transistors a cikin sarari ɗaya, don haka inganta aikin kwakwalwan kwamfuta na yanzu, ko dace da adadin transistors ɗin da aka samo akan guntu a yau don rage girman girman na shi.

Ƙarin Bayani: Science


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