Wani rukuni na masana kimiyyar lissafi suna da'awar cewa sun kirkiri wani muhimmin abu ne ga komputan komputa

komputa kwamfuta

Wani abu kamar shekaru biyu da suka gabata, ƙungiyar masana kimiyya waɗanda suka ƙunshi mutane uku sun sami lambar yabo Nobel Prize in Physics godiya ga aikin da ya shafi duniyar superconductors da superfluids inda cikakken bayani ya bayyana kuma ya bambanta da sauran ƙungiyoyin a wajen baƙon sabon zamani na al'amarin.

Tun daga wannan lokacin, duk da mahimmancin wannan sabuwar ka'idar, gaskiyar ita ce, ba a sami ainihin aikace-aikacen da za su iya amfani da wannan ka'idar ba, aƙalla har zuwa yanzu, daidai lokacin da sabuwar ƙungiya ta ƙunshi membobin Jami'ar Stanford ( Amurka) da Jami'ar Sydney (Ostiraliya) da Microsoft sun yi nasarar ƙirƙirar a 1000 sau ƙananan kayan aikin lantarki idan aka kwatanta da sigar da muke amfani da ita a yau. Babu shakka muna magana ne game da sabon mataki a cikin ƙaramin sarrafa na'urori wanda zai ba mu damar ci gaba da ci gaba a cikin sarrafa kwamfuta.

mai sarrafa yawa

Wannan ka'idar kayan aiki zata bamu damar yin kananan kwamfutoci masu yawa

Idan baku manta dalilin da yasa wannan rukuni na masu binciken Ingilishi guda uku suka sami nasarar lashe kyautar Nobel a Physics a shekarar 2016, in fada muku, a sarari kuma ba tare da zurfafawa ba, cewa aikinsu yayi bayanin yadda, a wasu yanayi, wasu kayan zasu iya yana da sauƙin gudanar da wutar lantarki tare da duk fuskarta tare da dukiyar da waɗannan, a ciki, suka yi aiki azaman insulating.

Abu mafi mahimmanci game da duk wannan binciken shine waɗanda ke kula da ita da haɓaka aikin tare da darajar da wannan ya samu gano wasu sharuɗɗan da kwayar halitta ta gudana tsakanin jihohi daban-daban ba tare da keta alaƙar ta ba. Don fahimtar wannan da ɗan kyau, zan ba ku misali mai sauƙi kamar tsarin da ke faruwa a dai-dai lokacin da ƙwayoyin ruwa suka sake tsara kansu zuwa kankara ko tururi.

guntu jimla

Wannan ka'idar tana da mahimmanci don rage girman kayan aikin lantarki daban-daban

Don samun ra'ayi, gaya muku cewa binciken da a ƙarshe ya sami lambar yabo ta Nobel ta 2016, kamar yadda aka sanar a lokacin, zai kasance mai mahimmanci don rage girman kayan haɗin lantarki ta yadda za a ƙarshe yakamata a samar da komputan komputa a sikeli wanda zai basu amfani, daya daga cikin matsalolin da wannan sabuwar fasahar ke gabatarwa a yau.

Yanzu ya kasance lokacin da ƙungiyar masu binciken waɗanda suka kasance membobi na irin waɗannan ɓatattun cibiyoyin bincike da cibiyoyin ci gaba suka sami nasarar ci gaba kuma a zahiri suka ƙera wani kayan lantarki, aka yi musu baftisma da sunan mai zagayawa wanda, kamar yadda muka fada a baya, shine kusan sau 1000 karami zuwa wanda ake amfani dashi yau a cikin thean komputan komputa da ke aiki.

Wannan kawai mataki ne na farko don tabbatar da ƙididdigar jimla a yau a yau

Dangane da ƙididdigar jimla, gaskiyar ita ce a yau masana suna samun ƙwarewa sosai wajen haɗuwa da ƙugu a cikin ƙarin lambobi, matsalar ita ce har yanzu dole ne mu yi aiki a kan samu qubits ya zama ƙananan ƙananan girma isa ya iya canza dubban daruruwa a lokaci guda a cikin sararin samaniya wanda ya zama ya isa kadan, wani abu wanda a yau ya gabatar da cikakken kalubale.

Don samun ra'ayin mizanin da mutane ke aiki a wannan fannin a yau, gaya muku cewa mai juyawa yanki ne wanda yake aiki a asali kamar hanyar zagayawa don siginonin lantarki, godiya ga wannan yanki yana yiwuwa yana yiwuwa bayanin ya shiga shugabanci guda. Har yanzu, versionsananan sifofin wannan kayan aikin za'a iya adana su a tafin hannun ɗaya hannun. Da wannan a zuciya, yi tunanin iya ƙirƙirar sabon mai zagayawa amma har zuwa sau 1000 karami.

Ba abin mamaki ba, masu binciken da suka sami nasarar ƙirƙirar wannan kayan aikin ba kawai suna aiki ne don haɓaka aikinsa ba, amma tuni suna neman hanyoyin da za su rage girman sabbin kayan aikin lantarki.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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