Kamfanoni masu zaman kansu za su fara jigilar 'yan saman jannatin zuwa cikin ISS a karon farko a tarihi

Tashar Sararin Samaniya ta Duniya

La NASA, sabili da haka zamu iya cewa duk Amurka tana cikin sa'a tunda sanannen Agencyungiyar Sararin Samaniya ta ƙasar a ƙarshe kuma bayan dogon jira ya tabbatar a hukumance cewa zasu fara Kasuwancin Ma'aikatan Kasuwanci. Wannan a zahiri yana nufin cewa an sake sake aikewa da 'yan sama jannati daga kasar Amurka, shirin da aka dakatar dashi tun a shekarar 2011, ranar da hukumar ta yanke shawarar janye Jirgin Saman Sararin Samaniya.

A gefe guda kuma kamar yadda ya fi cikakken bayani mai ban sha'awa, musamman don makomar binciken sararin samaniya, tare da wannan sabon shirin kamfanoni biyu masu zaman kansu zasu kasance masu kula, a karon farko a tarihi, don aiwatar da wannan jigilar 'yan sama jannatin zuwa sararin samaniya, a halin yanzu an ɗaura shi zuwa tashar Sararin Samaniya ta Duniya. Wani sabon ci gaba a tarihi wanda a ƙarshe zai ɗauki hoto saboda ci gaban fasaha da kamfanoni suka samu kamar su SpaceX y Boeing, wanda zai kasance mai kula da bayar da tsari da tallafi ga wannan sabon shirin na NASA.


Dragon

SpaceX da Boeing ne NASA ta zaba don safarar 'yan sama jannatin su zuwa sararin samaniya

Babu shakka babban labari ne ga duk Amurka tunda ba kamfanoni masu zaman kansu kaɗai za su iya ƙaddamar da wani shiri na musamman ba, a ƙarshe ya nuna cewa a yau suna da isasshen fasaha don gudanar da wannan aikin. A gefe guda, wani abu da ke da sha'awa ta musamman ga gwamnatin ƙasar Arewacin Amurka, a karshe za su daina dogaro da Rasha don gudanar da wannan aikin, wani abu wanda, kamar yadda kuke tunani da gaske, an yada shi sosai a ƙasar.

Gaskiya mai matukar ban sha'awa ga NASA ita ce, ta hanyar dakatar da amfani da fasahar Rasha don aika naan saman jannati zuwa Tashar Sararin Samaniya ta Duniya, za'a cimma shi rarraba tare da kashe dala miliyan 80 a kowane xan sama jannatin Ba'amurke da yake tafiya zuwa sararin samaniya A matsayina na muhimmiyar hujja, gaya muku cewa wata babbar matsala game da kwalliyar Soyuz da Russia ta yi amfani da ita har zuwa yau ita ce, a tsarin gine-gine, yana da kujeru uku ne kawai, wanda ya taƙaita amfani da shi.

Boeing tauraron dan adam

Dukkanin hanyoyin SpaceX da na Boeing suna ba da ikon aikawa har zuwa mutane 7 a cikin tafiya ɗaya

Idan muka dan yi bayani dalla-dalla, sabon aikin da SpaceX da Boeing za su yi wa NASA zai kunshi kawunansu da ke da karfin ma'aikata bakwai. Anan zamu sami cikakken bayani dalla-dalla wanda dole ne muyi la'akari dashi kuma wannan shine cewa ƙaruwar fasinjojin ba haka bane tunda, kamar yadda aka ayyana, duka SpaceX da Boeing sun ajiye aƙalla kujeru biyu a kowane ƙaddamarwa da za a shagaltar da ma'aikata tare da manufofin kasuwanci.

A ci gaba da specifican bayanai dalla-dalla na sabis waɗanda suka ga haske, mun kuma san cewa ta SpaceX, don ƙaddamar da kwantena, za a yi amfani da roka Falcon 9 yayin, a cikin takamaiman lamarin Boeing, haɗin gwiwar United Launch Alliance da mai ƙarfi Atlas V. A yanzu haka wasu bayanai ba a san su ba, kamar kudin da NASA za ta biya a kowace kujera, kodayake an kiyasta cewa zai zama kashi daya bisa uku na abin da hukumar ke biyan Rasha a halin yanzu.

ISS

An kiyasta cewa ayyukan da Boeing da SpaceX suka yi wa NASA zai ci kashi ɗaya bisa uku na abin da hukumar ke biyan Russia a halin yanzu.

A halin yanzu kuma in babu takamaiman ranar da shirin zai fara, wani abu da yakamata ayi a cikin makonni masu zuwa, idan mun san cewa NASA na shirin shiryawa jiragen gwaji guda biyu don gwada sabis ɗin, ɗaya ga kowane ɗayan kamfanonin biyu. Da zarar an yi jigilar gwajin, za a yi ƙarin jirage biyu, kodayake waɗannan biyun ƙarshe za su ƙare zuwa tashar Sararin Samaniya ta Duniya. Jiragen hudu za su kasance da 'yan saman jannati a ciki kuma an riga an tsara za a yi su a cikin 2019.

Za'a gudanar da gwaji na farko akan SpaceX's Dragon capsule a bazara 2019 yayin gwajin jirgin Boeing dole ne mu jira har zuwa na gaba rani. A lokacin rabin na biyu na 2019, gwargwadon sakamakon gwaje-gwajen biyu da suka gabata, ayyukan farko zuwa tashar sararin samaniya ta duniya za su fara.


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