Mammoths na iya dawowa cikin rai saboda wannan aikin wanda George Church ya jagoranta

ulu da ulu

Har zuwa yau, kamar yadda aka riga aka nuna a cikin aikin mara kyau, mutane sun kasance a cikin matsayi don haɗuwa da dabbobi na wasu shekaru yanzu. Haƙiƙa muna fuskantar wani tsari mai rikitarwa inda, har zuwa yau, duk dabbobin da ke raye suna da wani abu iri ɗaya, haɗin su yana raye ko kuma jigon su, wanda ya zama dole don wannan aikin, an karɓe shi daga dabbar da ke raye.

Abin da wannan ƙungiyar masu binciken suke gabatar mana wani abu ne da ya sha bamban da duk abin da muka sani ya zuwa yanzu, a zahiri abin da suke so shi ne ci gaba da mataki ɗaya kuma dawo da rayuwa wani nau'in da ya bace shekaru da yawa da suka gabata, musamman ga mammoths na ulu, dabba wanda, kodayake mun san bayyanar su albarkacin wakilcin kakanninmu, bayan ɗaruruwan shekaru muna iya ganinsu da idanunmu.


mammoth

Cocin George shine mutumin da ke jagorantar rukunin masana kimiyya da ke aiki kan tashin matattun ulu

Don samun ɗan fahimta game da halayen da dole ne ƙungiyar masana kimiyya su sami damar dawo da ƙarancin jinsin zuwa rayuwa, gaya muku cewa a farkon wannan aikin ba komai bane Cocin George, Ba’amurke masanin kimiyyar halittu, injiniyan kwayar halitta, da kimiyyar hada magunguna wanda a yau farfesa ne a fannin kimiyyar halittu a Harvard Medical School, farfesan kimiyyar kiwon lafiya da fasaha a Harvard da MIT, kuma memba ne na kafa Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering of Harvard University.

Game da aikin da ya wajaba don dawo da wannan halittar a raye, ya zama dole, da farko, a tsara dukkanin kwayoyin halittar baki daya, aikin da kungiyar masu binciken ke ganin tuni sun shirya tun da, a cewar George kansa Cocin , a tsarin aikinsu suke shirin samu girma farkon tayi a wannan mahaifa a cikin mahaifar wucin gadi a cikin shekara guda.

ulu mai ulu

A ilimin da muke da shi, wayoyi ne da suka shuɗe kimanin shekaru 3.700 da suka gabata

Mwayoyi masu shaƙuwa jinsuna ne waɗanda, bisa ga tarihinmu na tarihi, dole ne su kasance bacewa daga Duniya kimanin shekaru 3.700 da suka gabata. Muna magana akan 'yan asalin ƙasar na subspe, yankin da wannan babban fuloti ya iya rayuwa albarkacin wasu halaye na ɗabi'a irin su farin gashi lokacin farin ciki, kitse mai subcutane ko ikon zafin jininsa don tsira da yanayin sanyi na wannan yankin.

A wannan lokacin lokaci yayi da yakamata mu fahimci dalilin da yasa wadannan masana kimiyyar ke son rayar da wannan nau'in na rayuwa. Musamman abin da suke nema shine a rayar da wani nau'in jinsin da ya rasa yi amfani da damar, a game da mammoths masu ulu, duk waɗannan halaye na juyin halitta waɗanda suka sanya su na musamman. Da zarar an dauki wannan matakin, abin da ya rage kawai shi ne a yi amfani da wannan fasaha don a rayar da dukkan nau'ikan wadanda ke bacewa saboda aikin dan Adam kai tsaye.

Girma mai girma

Kodayake ba daidai bane a dabi'ance, akwai masu bincike da yawa wadanda zasu nemi hada kwayoyin mammoth tare da giwayen Asiya

A sakamakon duk wannan binciken, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa rukunin masu ilimin gado da ke aiki a kan wannan aikin sun yi sharhi cewa suna tunanin yiwuwar da zai bayar. Haɗa nau'ikan halittu daban-daban, ma'ana, daidaitattun kwayoyin halitta daga wata mahaukaciyar ulu da giwar Asiya, wataƙila wacce zata iya zama dangin ta mafi kusa. A gefe guda, su da kansu ne suka ayyana cewa wannan ba zai iya faruwa ba saboda dalilai daban-daban na ɗabi'a.

A gefe guda kuma bisa ga muryoyin al'umma na masana kimiyyar gado, gaskiyar ita ce cewa akwai wasu halaye na juyin halitta na halittar mammoths da ke da ban sha'awa sosai a gare su su bayyana a giwayen Asiya, duk da mummunan tasirin da suke da shi. Manufar za a samu, misali, cewa giwayen Asiya na iya daidaitawa da yanayi mai tsananin ƙiyayya saboda canjin yanayi.


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