Wace makirufo don zaɓar don yin cikakken rikodi

Makirufo

Zaɓar makirufo ba abu ne mai sauƙi ba. Kamar yadda sau da yawa ke faruwa a cikin duk abin da ya shafi fasaha, mai arha a ƙarshe yawanci yana da tsada, kuma tsada baya bada garantin cewa shine mafi kyau don dalilan ku. Samun microphones yana da girma kuma nau'ikan makirufo sun dace da wasu buƙatu amma basu dace da wasu ba. Dynamic ko mai sanyaya wuri? XLR ko USB? Gudanarwa ko Cardioid? A cikin wannan labarin za mu nuna muku menene nau'ikan makirufo kuma a wane yanayi suka fi dacewaTa wannan hanyar zaku iya zabar tare da rashin kasadar yin kuskure da sanin me kuke kashe kudin a kai, saboda yawan kashe kudi ba koyaushe yake nuna cewa zaku sami kyakkyawan sakamako ba.

Nau'in makirufo

Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don rarraba makirufo amma a nan za mu mai da hankali kan mahimman abubuwa:

  • Dogaro da nau'in haɗin: USB ko XLR.
  • Dangane da kwatancersa: omnidirectional ko kwatance.
  • Ya danganta da nau'in membrane: mai kuzari ko sanyaya.

USB ko XLR

Yawancin lokaci idan ka fara a cikin duniyar rikodi zaka fara kallon microphones na USB. Suna da arha kuma suna ba ku duk abin da kuke buƙata ba tare da siyan wasu kayan haɗi ba. Ana haɗa microphones a kwamfutarka ta hanyar kebul ɗin da suka haɗa kuma za ku iya fara aiki tare da su. Koyaya, duk wanda ya yanke shawara game da irin wannan makirufo ɗin zai yi tsalle zuwa XLR. Mics na USB gabaɗaya suna ba da ingancin ƙarancin gini, aƙalla waɗanda ke cikin mafi tsadar farashi mai tsada, kuma sautin da kuka samu tare da su yana da ƙarancin inganci. Galibi microphone ne don haka ya dace da amfani lokaci-lokaci ba tare da buƙatu mai yawa ba.

Microphones XLR suna ba da ƙarin zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa yayin zaɓar samfurin, kuma Kodayake makirufo kanta ba kasafai take tsada ba (duk da cewa akwai komai) tana buƙatar ƙarin kayan haɗi don haɗa ta da kwamfutarka. Haɗa naɗaɗɗen na'ura mai haɗawa ta USB wanda zaku haɗa makirufo da shi ya zama tilas, ko kuma a kalla sauƙaƙan yanayin XLR fiye da na’urar hadawa. Kwanakin baya na baku bitar mahautsini Saukewa: Q802USB cewa don farashi da aiki kyakkyawan zaɓi ne don haɗuwa da irin wannan nau'ikan makirufo. A cikin dawowa, lokacin da kake son canza makirufo, zaka iya yin saukinsa yayin kiyaye sauran kayan aikin, kuma ingancin sauti da zaka samu zai fi kyau.

Gabatarwa ko kwatance

Dogaro da yadda suke ɗaukar sautin zaka iya zaɓar tsakanin omnidirectional (daga dukkan wurare) ko kwatance. Daga cikin wadannan wadanda aka fi sani sune "cardioids"wanda ake kira saboda suna ɗaukar sautin azaman "zuciya", fifikon abin da yake daidai a gabansa da watsi da abin da ke bayanta.

Omnidirectional mics suna ba da sautuka iri-iri masu yawa tun lokacin da suka kama duk abin da ke kewaye da su, don haka suna dacewa idan muna son hakan daidai, amma duk da haka idan abin da muke so shine Muna sauraron kanmu ne kawai ba tare da damuwa da motocin da suke wucewa ba, dole ne mu zaɓi microid na cardioid wannan kawai yana ɗaukar sautinmu kuma ya ƙi sauran.

Dynamic ko condenser

Microphones masu motsi suna da ƙarfi sosai, zasu daɗe suna rayuwa har sai kun wulakanta su da gangan. Har ila yau, suna da tsayayya ga zafi. Ba sa buƙatar tushen wutar lantarki don aiki, wanda yake da ban sha'awa sosai, kuma suna ɗaukar matakan da kyau ba tare da murdiya ba. Ba su cika damuwa da hayaniyar da ke kewaye da mu ba, amma duk da haka suna da saurin samar da "baba", hayaniya mai ban haushi da ke faruwa yayin furta harafin "P" kuma ana iya kawar da shi cikin sauƙi tare da matattarar "anti-pop".

Microphones na Condenser suna da ƙimar sauti mafi girma amma idan dai an rubuta shi a cikin mafi kyawun yanayi. Suna da hankali sosai kuma suna kama kowane irin surutu, don haka idan kuka yi rikodin a cikin situdiyo tare da bango masu laushi kuma a cikin nutsuwa sakamakon zai zama mai kyau, amma idan kuka yi shi a cikin ɗakin ku a matsayin ƙa'idar ƙa'ida za su ba ku ƙarin ciwon kai saboda zai kama kowane irin motsi, amo, amo daga waje ...

Misalan makirufo

Samson-Sago-Mic

Samson SAGO Mic babban misali ne na abin da makirufo na USB zai iya ba mu. Makirufo ce ta motsawa kuma tana iya zama mai juyawa ko bugun zuciya saboda godiya ta sauyawa daga gefe. Farashi mai ma'ana (€ 35-40), sauƙin sarrafawa da ƙira mai kyau don ɗauka koyaushe tare da ku. Kebul na USB guda ɗaya don haɗa shi zuwa kwamfutarka yana ba shi isasshen ƙarfin aiki, kuma shi ma yana da fitowar belun kunne don saka idanu kan sauti. Koyaya, ingancin sauti wanda yake ba mu ya isa ya bi rakodin ƙananan bidiyo amma ba don cimma sakamako mafi kyau ba. Kuna da shi akan Amazon a yanzu akan € 33.

YetiFamily_Shafin_Gallery_20141028

Blue Microphones YETI makirufo ta daɗe tana ɗayan maɗaukakiyar shawara don yin kwafa. Farashi mai tsada sosai (125-150 €) da haɗin USB yana mai da shi babban ɗan takara ga waɗanda ke neman abu mai sauƙi da araha. Wannan babban makirufo ne na diaphragm, wanda ke nufin zai kama kowane kwari da ya tashi a cikin ɗakinku. Kodayake yana ba da damar zaɓar nau'ikan alamu daban-daban (mai juyawa, zuciya, biɗa ...) ana ba da shawarar yin amfani da shi a ɗakunan da aka tanada don yin rikodi don haka kauce wa amo da sauran surutu. Kuna da shi akan Amazon akan € 126.

Behringer-Ultravoice

Ofayan zaɓuɓɓuka mafi arha tare da sakamako mai kyau (ga farashin da yake da shi) shine Behringer Ultravoice XM8500. Makirifo mai motsa jiki mai ƙarfi tare da haɗin XLR wanda zai iya isa fiye da yawancin yanayi. Ni ne wanda nake amfani dashi tare da mahaɗin wanda na nuna a baya kuma sakamakon yana da kyau ƙwarai, ba tare da ɗaukar amo na ɗakin ba. Kamar yadda yake tare da waɗannan nau'ikan mics, pop matsala ce amma ana iya rage ta ta hanyar magana a nisan da ya dace ko ta hanyar sayen matatar. An saka farashi kan € 19,90 akan Amazon wanda yasa ya zama zaɓi mafi kyau don fara rikodinku.

SHURE-SM58

Ofayan mafi kyawun zaɓuɓɓuka don yin rikodin bidiyo ba tare da wata shakka makirufo ɗin Shure SM58 ba.. Kamar na baya yana da kuzari, cardioid da XLR. Ingancin odiyo da yake samu yana da kyau ƙwarai kuma wannan shine dalilin da ya sa zaɓi ne na masu watsa shirye-shirye da yawa, ƙungiyar mawaƙa da ma masu wa'azi a Amurka. Babu shakka farashinsa ya fi na baya wanda na ambata, yana kaiwa € 125 akan Amazon.


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