Wannan shine shirin bin diddigin NASA idan har wani tauraron dan adam ya fado duniya

NASA

Har yau gaskiya ita ce Duniya ta fi fuskantar barazana fiye da yadda kuke tsammani. Barin lahanin da mutane ke haifarwa ga duniya ko gaskiyar cewa kowane irin rikici na makami na duniya na iya ɓarkewa a kowane lokaci, akwai abubuwan waje waɗanda dole ne muyi la'akari dasu kuma cewa, idan ba a shirya ba, zai iya ƙarewa da rayuwa da rai a Duniya.

Wannan shine ainihin abin da ƙungiyar masanan NASA ke aiki akai, a cikin aikin inda Ana nazarin babban yiwuwar cewa tauraron dan adam ya buge duniyar mu. Wannan tasirin, kamar yadda zaku iya tunani kuma muddin asteroid yana da wani girma da nauyi, na iya nufin cewa a ƙarshe duk wani abu mai rai ya ƙare har ya mutu, saboda haka NASA ta ɗauki wannan aikin da mahimmanci fiye da yadda zaku iya tunani.

asteroid

Babban tauraron tauraron dan adam na iya durkusar da rayuwar duniya

Don fahimtar wannan da ɗan kyau zan so mu sanya ɗan hangen nesa game da batun. A wannan karon zan yi ishara zuwa ga wani abu da ya faru da gaske, kamar su tasiri a cikin 2013 na wani tauraro a yankin Chelyabinsk (Rasha). Don samun ra'ayi, muna magana ne game da tauraron dan adam kimanin mita 19 faɗi. Duk da wannan, tasirin ya shafi mutane sama da 1.200 kuma ya haifar da lalata gine-ginen da ke nesa da kusan kilomita 150 daga wurin da asteroid din ya doki kasa.

Bayan wannan misalin, wanda akwai takardu da yawa akan intanet, gaya muku cewa yau an gano su fiye da abubuwa 8.000 kusa da duniyarmu mai fadi sama da mita 140. Kowane ɗayan waɗannan taurari, game da tasirin duniya, yana da wadatacciyar damar share wata ƙasa mai girman Spain daga taswira. A matsayin cikakken bayani, zan fada maka cewa wadannan abubuwan 8.000 ne kawai, bisa lissafin, sun kai kashi daya bisa uku na abubuwan da suke addabar Duniya.

shigowar asteroid

NASA ta shirya rahoto da ke bayanin hanyar ci gaba don tsira da tasirin wannan nau'in

Saboda wannan, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa NASA, tare da haɗin gwiwar Hukumar Ba da Agajin Gaggawa ta Tarayya, duka hukumomin Amurka biyu, sun shirya rahoto wanda ke nuna matakai biyar na aikin da za a aiwatar a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa.

Inganta ikon gano abubuwan kusa-Duniya

Manufa ta farko da NASA ta tsara don tsira daga tasirin babban tauraro babu makawa ya hada da samar da sabuwar fasaha wacce ke bamu babbar hanya mafi sauri da kuma abin dogaro don gano wannan nau'ikan abubuwan. Yau masu lura kamar Catalina Sky Survey ko telescope na Pan-STARRS1 sune ke kula da wannan aikin.

Inganta tsinkaya cewa ɗayan waɗannan abubuwa zasu isa Duniya

Batu na biyu da NASA ya nace kan wannan aikin yakamata ya fara shine inganta duk tsinkaya da yiwuwar da suke aiki dasu kuma wannan yana gaya mana game da lokacin da ɗayan waɗannan abubuwa zasu iya buga Duniya. Don aiwatar da wannan aikin, manufar ita ce kai tsaye don haɓaka haɗin kai tsakanin hukumomi daban-daban game da wannan.

Nemo hanyoyin da za a karkatar da shugabancin asteroid

A matsayin magana ta uku, da zarar an gano barazanar, NASA ya nuna cewa dole ne mu kasance a sarari game da yadda zamu karkata tauraron dan adam. A wannan ma'anar, NASA ya daɗe yana aiki a kan ayyuka kamar su abin da ake kira Asteroid Redirection Mission, wanda a fili yake yana ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda aka soke a cikin 2017 da gwamnatin Trump ta yi. Don aiwatar da hangen nesa kamar haka NASA ya bayyana karara cewa yakamata ayi amfani da kumbon robotic ba tare da wani ɗan sama jannati a cikin jirgin ba.

Hadin kan kasa da kasa na iya zama na asali

Na hudu hadin gwiwar NASA. Idan a wannan ma'anar zamu koma ga maganar Aaron Miles, mai ba da shawara a Ofishin Kimiyyar Kimiyya da Fasaha na Fadar White House: "hadari ne na duniya ga kowa, kuma hanya mafi kyau ta tunkarar wannan hadari ita ce ta hadin gwiwa."

Dole ne a tsara shirin gaggawa

A matsayina na karshe na biyar, NASA ta nemi gwamnatin Amurka da ta samar da wani shirin gaggawa da yakamata a sanya a cikin lamarin da ba makawa cewa asteroid daga karshe ya doki Duniya. Wannan shirin zai kasance daidai da halaye irin waɗanda suka riga suka wanzu don sauran bala'oi waɗanda, wanda, rashin alheri, muke ganin kamar mun saba da su.


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  1.   Daniel Garcia m

    An rubuta haske tare da b, ba tare da v ba. Ina fatan NASA ma za ta samar da wani tsari na kare idanunku daga wadannan baƙaƙen rubutun.