Hou i Linux? Hāʻawi mākou iā ʻoe i nā kauoha pono no ka maʻi

kauoha linux maʻi maʻamau

ʻO nā mea hoʻohana kiʻekiʻe a i ʻole ka poʻe e hoʻohana ana iā Linux ma kahi mau no kekahi manawa ua ʻike lōʻihi lākou i ka nā palena pau ʻole i hāʻawi ʻia e ka mode text, kēlā ʻāpana o ke kikowaena i hiki iā mākou ke launa wale me ke kamepiula e hoʻohana nei i ka keyboard a inā ʻaʻole ʻike i nā kauoha kūpono, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohana pono iā ia.

Me ka terminal Linux hiki iā mākou ke hana i nā nīnau maʻalahi i ka ʻōnaehana e hōʻike i nā faile, kōkua i nā manuals a i ʻole hana i kahi faila; e hoʻonohonoho pono i kahi kikowaena XAMPP, nīnau i kahi database a me nā ʻano hana like ʻole. Eia nō naʻe, nui nā mea e hiki ai i laila, no laila e hōʻike aku mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi kauoha maʻamau ʻoe e ʻike inā ʻoe i linux.

Hoʻowahāwahā nā hoʻohālikelike a ʻAʻole wau makemake e hoʻolilo i kēia ʻatikala i "Linux versus Windows", akā hiki i kā Microsoft ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana ke lilo i laʻana e hōʻike i kekahi o nā hihia a mākou e hana pū ai ma nā laina aʻe. Maopopo, koi aku au, he laʻana hoʻohālike wale kēia.

Ma mua o ka hoʻomau ʻana, pono ia e hoʻomaopopo e hoʻohana i kēia mau kauoha ʻaʻohe pono e loaʻa nā kuleana luna. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻokoʻa

pwd

ʻAʻole like iā Windows, kahi inā mākou e hele i ke kauoha kauoha mākou he kikoʻī kikoʻī o kahi a mākou e hele ai - no ka laʻana C:Windows>-, ma Linux ʻaʻole mākou e ʻike mau i kēia ʻike. Hōʻike kēia inā ke hana nei mākou me nā papa kuhikuhi like ʻole a i ʻole nā ​​subdirectories i kanu ʻia i loko o ka ʻōnaehana hiki iā mākou ke nalowale maʻalahi. Ma ke kikokiko ʻana i kēia kauoha e ʻike maopopo mākou i hea mākou.

$ pwd
/home/tu-usuario

popoki

Kēia kauoha e hōʻike iā mākou i ka ʻike o kahi faila, he aha ia. Hōʻike kēia inā mākou e noi e ʻike i kahi faila kikokikona, e hoʻihoʻi ka pahu i nā mea i kākau ʻia i loko o ia mea, ʻoiai inā hoʻokō mākou i kekahi faila ʻē aʻe hiki iā mākou ke kiʻi i ka code mīkini heluhelu ʻole a MD5 paha i ka hōʻoia pono.

Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia me nā mea hoʻololi i hiki ai ke heluhelu ʻia kahi faila huaʻōlelo lōʻihi i kahi ala pagined, akā e pili ana i nā mea hoʻololi a pehea e ʻike ai iā lākou e kamaʻilio iki mākou ma hope.

$ cat hola.txt
¡Hola!

ls

ls hana i nā hana like me dir i MS-DOS, akā i kahi ala ʻokoʻa iki. Hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohana i ke kauoha MS-DOS ma Linux, ʻoiaʻiʻo, akā ʻo kāna hana, ʻoiai he mea like ia, hāʻule pōkole. Mahalo i ke code kala o ka hopena, me ls hiki iā mākou ke hoʻokaʻawale inā he mea faila ia i hōʻike mai ai iā mākou. nā mea kākau a i ʻole kekahi mea ʻē aʻe.

Inā pū me ls Hoʻohana mākou i nā mea hoʻololi hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i nā papa kuhikuhi o ke ala a mākou e hele ai i ke ʻano o kahi papa inoa, paged, e hōʻike ana i nā faila a me nā subdirectories a ʻo nā ʻae hoʻi a lākou i hāʻawi ai. Eia hou, e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana i nā mea hoʻololi i hope.

$ ls
Documentos Descargas Escritorio Imágenes Música Podcasts Plantillas Público Vídeos

cd

Inā ua hoʻohana ʻoe i ka papa kauoha a i ʻole ʻo Windows console a ua neʻe ʻoe ma o ka lāʻau kuhikuhi, a laila ʻike ʻoe i ke kumu o kēia. I kēlā me kēia hihia, kūpono e wehewehe no ka poʻe ʻike ʻole i ke kauoha cd ʻae iā mākou hoʻokele i ka anakuhi a mākou e noho ai, ke hoʻololi nei i nā wahi kikoʻī me ka nānā ʻole i kā mākou ia manawa.

$ cd /home/usuario/Documentos/Ejercicios

$ cd /home

No ka piʻi ʻana i ka lāʻau kuhikuhi ma o ka maʻi e pono mākou e hoʻohana i ke kauoha cd ...

hoʻopā a rm

Hoʻohana ʻia ke kauoha mua i hana faila hakahaka ma o ka hopena. Inā loaʻa ka faila a mākou i hana ai, a laila e hoʻomaikaʻi hou ia i ka manawa hoʻololi.

$ touch texto.txt

Ma ke'ano o rm, ka mea e ʻae iā mākou e hana kāpae i kekahi faile.

$ rm texto.txt

mkdir a rmdir

I ka hihia kikoʻī o kēia mau kauoha hope ʻelua, e hele like kokoke, ʻae lākou iā mākou hana a kāpae i ka papa kuhikuhi hakahaka.

$ mkdir /prueba

$ rmdir /prueba

cp a me mv

Ke kauoha cp lawelawe na kope i kahi faile a papa kuhikuhina paha mai kahi wahi kumu i kahi e aku ai. Ke hoʻohana nei cp he mea maʻalahi loa ke kope kope ʻia i kahi wahi ʻē aʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, manaʻo he faila mākou ma ka hoʻokele a makemake mākou e neʻe iā ia i kahi hāmeʻa hiki ke hoʻoneʻe ʻia.

$ cp /home/usuario/Documentos/Ejercicios/Ejercicios.txt /media/usuario/pendrive/Ejercicios.txt

Ma ke'ano o mv, hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka hana ʻo Windows "Cut". ʻO ia ka mea, lālau i kahi faila mai kona wahi kumu a hoʻoneʻe iā ia i kahi ʻē, e hemo nei i ka faile mai ka wahi mua. Ma hope o ka pae o ka laʻana ma mua, manaʻo makemake mākou e hoʻoneʻe i kahi faila mai ka hoʻokele i kahi hāmeʻa hoʻohemo, no laila aia wale nō iā mākou:

$ mv /home/usuario/Documentos/Ejercicios/Ejercicios.txt /media/usuario/pendrive/Ejercicios.txt

kanaka

Ke kauoha man pili i ka nā puke piha o nā kauoha a mākou e hoʻohana nei a hiki i kēia manawa. ʻAʻole e wehewehe kēia manual i ka hoʻohana pololei a me ka syntax no kēlā me kēia kauoha, akā - i kēia manawa - e ʻae iā mākou e ʻike i nā mea hoʻololi e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohana pū me lākou. Ma kēia ala, no ka laʻana, nānā mākou i ka ʻaoʻao manual o ke kauoha ls:

man ls

E ʻike mākou i kekahi mea e like me kēia:

ʻaoʻao manual linux

Inā mākou e ʻōwili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻokoʻa o ka manual me ka pihi keyboard ʻike mākou i ka liʻiliʻi a liʻiliʻi nā mea hoʻololi ʻokoʻa hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohana me ke aʻo ʻana no laila ʻoi aku ka piha. ʻO kahi laʻana, inā mākou e hoʻohui i ka mea hoʻololi -l a lsʻO ka mea a mākou e ʻike ai he papa inoa kikoʻī o nā papa kuhikuhi ma kahi i hea mākou, me ka ʻae i nā ʻae i hāʻawi ʻia i kēlā me kēia mea.

$ ls -l
total 48
drwxr-xr-x 3 usuario usuario 4096 mar 1 19:26 Descargas
drwxr-xr-x 2 usuario usuario 4096 mar 1 18:06 Documentos
drwxr-xr-x 2 usuario usuario 4096 mar 1 20:16 Escritorio
drwxr-xr-x 2 usuario usuario 4096 mar 2 07:38 Imágenes
drwxr-xr-x 3 usuario usuario 4096 feb 27 12:09 Música
drwxr-xr-x 2 usuario usuario 4096 feb 6 09:58 Plantillas
drwxr-xr-x 2 usuario usuario 4096 feb 6 09:58 Vídeos

A i kēia manawa he pōkole, akā loiloi nui, e loiloi ana i kekahi mau kauoha maʻi maʻamau āu e ʻike ai inā ua hele ʻoe i Linux. Maliʻa paha he mea maʻalahi paha ia i ka manawa mua, akā ʻo ka pahu maʻi ia he mea hana ikaika loa ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e haʻalele i ka hoʻohana ʻana ma lalo o nā kūlana. E ʻaʻa e hoʻāʻo a ʻike ʻoe i kēlā no nā hana kikoʻī ʻaʻohe mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka hana ʻana iā ʻoe iho me ka lima.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.