Asayansi amatenga mpweya m'madzi mumlengalenga

mpweya

Pakadali pano, sizingakudabwitseni ngati titabwerera kudzakambirana za mutu womwe ukuwoneka kuti ukubwera nthawi ino, kuti tikambirane zamtundu wina waboma kapena kampani yabizinesi yomwe ikutidabwitsa nayo amabzala kutumiza anthu ku Mars ndi cholinga chachikulu chokhazikitsira koloniyo. Ngakhale izi zikuchitika, chowonadi ndichakuti pali zinthu zambiri zomwe zidayikidwa kuti tikwaniritse, tikuyenera kuthana ndi mavuto ena monga pezani gwero lina la mpweya zomwe titha kugwiritsa ntchito.

Vuto lomwe limawoneka ngati lofunikira kwambiri, osati chifukwa chofunikira kuti anthu apulumuke kunja kwa dziko lapansi, komanso chifukwa cha mapulaneti ambiri kuti asayansi akutulukira ndipo ali ndi zambiri makhalidwe ofanana ndi a Dziko lapansi, yomwe nthawi zambiri imakhala mu nyenyezi pafupi ndi Dzuwa lathu.


mpweya

Palinso ulendo wautali anthu asanakhale mumlengalenga kwa nthawi yayitali

Tsoka ilo, ngakhale atapeza zonsezi, chowonadi ndichakuti sitinakwanitse kupeza njira yotsimikizira kuti anthu akhoza kukhala ndi moyo mlengalenga kwa nthawi yayitali. Limodzi mwamavuto akulu omwe tiyenera kukumana nawo ndikuthana nawo ndikuti titha kunyamula mpweya wokwanira wopita kwa akatswiri akupuma, chinthu chomwe chimatanthauza kunyamula mafuta okwanira omwe ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira zida zamagetsi zamagetsi.

Pakadali pano ndikufuna kukuwuzani za kafukufuku waposachedwa Nature Kulumikizana komwe timauzidwa momwe gulu la asayansi lapindulira china chilichonse kupatula kupanga njira yopangira hydrogen, yomwe ingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati mafuta, ndi mpweya kuchokera m'madzi. Pachifukwa ichi muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito semiconductor zakuthupi ndi dzuwa, kapena kuwala kwa nyenyezi. Njira imeneyi itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mu zero yokoka, chinthu chofunikira kuti ichitike mumlengalenga.

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Njira yatsopanoyi yopezera mpweya m'madzi itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito mlengalenga

Monga tafotokozera m'nkhaniyi, kugwiritsa ntchito Dzuwa ngati gwero la mphamvu zopezera moyo wathu watsiku ndi tsiku ndi vuto lalikulu lomwe sitimakumana nalo Padziko Lapansi. Mwanjira imeneyi, tikasiya kudya mafuta kuti tizipeza ndalama zamagetsi zomwe zingagwiritsidwenso ntchito, ofufuza ayamba kukhala ndi chidwi chogwiritsa ntchito haidrojeni ngati mafuta.

Njira yabwino yokwaniritsira cholingachi ndi kugawa madzi m'magawo ake awiri, hydrogen ndi oxygen. Izi ndizotheka masiku ano pogwiritsa ntchito njira yovuta yotchedwa kusanthula kwamagetsiMomwe njira iyi imagwirira ntchito ndikutumiza zamakono kudzera pachitsanzo chomwe chili ndi electrolyte yosungunuka. Izi zimapangitsa kuti madzi agwere mu oxygen ndi haidrojeni omwe amatulutsidwa mosiyana pamaelekitirodi awiri.

Vuto lalikulu ndi njirayi ndikuti, ngakhale munthu amadziwa momwe angachitire, Padziko Lapansi tiribe zomangamanga zokhudzana ndi hydrogen kuti tizitha kuzigwiritsa ntchito m'njira yodziwika bwino. Tikulankhula za malo olipiritsa mwachitsanzo.

Kuphatikiza pakuphwanya madzi kukhala hydrogen ndi oxygen, njirayi imatha kusintha njirayi

Apa ndipomwe asayansi ambiri apeza muukadaulo uwu njira yabwino yopangira ma roketi athu amtsogolo kukhala otetezeka kwambiri. Ingoganizirani ngati m'malo mogwiritsa ntchito mafuta oyaka moto mpaka pano awa anali odzaza ndi akasinja amadzi. Kuti muchite izi lero pali njira ziwiri, imodzi imakhudzana ndi electrolysis pogwiritsa ntchito maelekitirodi ndi ma cell a dzuwa kuti agwire mphamvu ya dzuwa ndikusintha magetsi, njira ina ingakhale kugwiritsa ntchito otchedwa 'ojambula', monga Amagwira ntchito potenga tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe timagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madzi.

Mwina chimodzi mwazinthu zosangalatsa kwambiri za njirayi ndikuti imatha kusinthidwa, ndiye kuti, madzi akakhala hydrogen ndi oxygen, amatha kuphatikizidwanso pogwiritsa ntchito mafuta omwe amabwezeretsa mphamvu ya dzuwa kulowa mu ndondomeko ya 'kujambula', mphamvu yomwe itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi zida zamagetsi zosiyanasiyana za sitimayo. Kuphatikizaku kumatha kupanga madzi ngati chinthu chomwe chimatanthawuza kuti ndi mawonekedwe a Bwezeretsani madzi, china chomwe chingakhale chofunikira paulendo wautali kwambiri.


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