China iyamba kufufuza mbali yakutali ya Mwezi

Luna

Monga adalengezedwera kalekale, China idakwanitsa kukwaniritsa mapulani ake ofufuza malo, ndipo masiku angapo apitawa, adakhazikitsa satellite yomwe idabatizidwa ndi dzina la Khalani, yomwe idanyamuka nthawi ya 05:30 nthawi yakomweko kuchokera ku Xichang Launch Center, yomwe ili m'chigawo cha Sichuan (kumwera kwa dziko la Asia). Kutumiza satellite iyi ku Mwezi, Chinese Space Agency yagwiritsa ntchito roketi ya Long March 4C.

Mosakayikira tikukumana ndi chochitika chosangalatsa kwambiri chomwe chachitika ndi umunthu, chomwe chikufanana ndi Gawo loyamba la mishoni Chang'e 4 kuti, monga chikumbutso, kukuwuzani kuti cholinga chake chachikulu ndikufufuza mbali zobisika za Mwezi, chimodzimodzi ndi njira zachikhalidwe komanso kuchokera ku Earth ndizosatheka kuziwona.


Khalani

Satelayiti ya Queqiao ikhala ngati mlatho wolumikizirana pakati pa kafukufuku yemwe adzafike kumbali yakutali ya Mwezi ndi malo olamulira omwe ali Padziko Lapansi.

Ntchito yayikulu yomwe satellite ya Queqiao iyenera kuchita ndikutumikira monga kulumikizana pakati pa wolandila Chang'4, yomwe idzanyamuka kumka kumapeto kwa Mwezi kumapeto kwa chirimwe, ndipo Dziko lapansi limapangitsa kulumikizana pakati pa malo olamulira, yomwe ili padziko lathuli, ndipo kafukufuku yemwe, ikafika nthawi, adzagwira ntchito mbali yakutali ya Mwezi.

Pogwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri iyi, Queqiao yakhala ndi tinyanga tolumikizirana tambiri komanso ma solar. Kutengera ndi zomwe ananena Zhang Lihua, woyang'anira ntchito:

Kuyambitsa ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri ku China kuti akwaniritse cholinga chake chokhala dziko loyamba kutumiza kafukufuku wofikira kumtunda kwa Mwezi.

Pakadali pano, satellite ya Queqiao ili kale mumsewu wosinthira mwezi, kuchokera komwe ipite kumalo ake okhazikika, ikudziyendetsa yokha chifukwa cha mphamvu yokoka mwezi. Kupita mwatsatanetsatane ndipo monga kwawululidwa, kafukufukuyu adzagwira ntchito makamaka kuchokera ku Lagrange point L2 ya Earth-Moon system, malo omwe adzafikidwe m'masabata angapo akubwerawa ndipo adzawalola kuti akhalebe pamtunda wa makilomita pafupifupi 65.000 pamwamba pa mwezi ndi makilomita 455.000 kuchokera padziko lathu lapansi.

Kusintha4

Roketi lalitali la Marichi 4C, kuphatikiza pa satellite ya Queqiao, yanyamula ma satelayiti awiri achi China ndi antenna achi Dutch olowera ku Mwezi

Mwachidule, ndikuuzeni kuti pantchitoyi China sinangogwiritsa ntchito roketi ya Long March 4C kutumiza satellite ya Queqiao, komanso omwe adabatizidwa ngati Longjiang-1 y Longjiang-2 komanso antenna waku Dutch yemwe adayankha mwachidule NCLE (Netherlands Chinese Low-Frequency Explorer). Ntchito ya ma satelayiti, monga zavumbulutsidwa mwalamulo, ikuphatikizapo kuyendetsa Mwezi kuti ichite zochitika zingapo zakuthambo pamawonekedwe am'mlengalenga. Zambiri zomwe ma satelayiti amatolera awa athandiza ofufuza kuti amvetsetse pang'ono m'mawa, ndiye kuti, nthawi yomwe nyenyezi zoyambilira zidayamba kuwunika.

Pamalo achiwiri timapeza mlongoti wa Dutch NCLE. Antenna iyi yatumizidwa kuti izindikire ma radio ofooka kuchokera koyambirira kwa chilengedwe chachikulu, panthawiyo pomwe chilengedwe chidali chamdima, chozizira ndikupanga pafupifupi hydrogen yonse. Chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito tinyanga tating'onoting'ono, akatswiri ayesa kujambula mafupipafupi pakati pa 10 ndi 30 MHz, zisonyezo kuti Padziko Lapansi zatsekedwa ndi mpweya. Ntchitoyi yakwezedwa ndi mabungwe aboma komanso makampani achinsinsi achi Dutch ndipo kwenikweni, monga amalumikizirana, akuyembekeza kulemba mutu watsopano m'mbiri ya zakuthambo chifukwa chothandizana ndi oyang'anira aku China.


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