Harvard imapanga kompyuta yamphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi

Makompyuta ochuluka a Harvard

Zikuwoneka kuti malo ofunikira kwambiri padziko lapansi pano akutenga nawo mbali pamitu ndi mitu yosiyanasiyana, ngakhale kuti zaka zingapo zapitazo sizinali zosangalatsa kwenikweni, tsopano zikuwoneka kuti zapeza mphamvu zambiri. Nthawi ino ndikufuna kuti tikambirane za kuchuluka kwa makompyuta, mutu womwe kale tinayesa masabata angapo apitawa ndikuti imakhalanso yatsopano pambuyo pa chilengedwe, ndi University of Harvard, yomwe masiku ano imawerengedwa kuti ndi kompyuta yamphamvu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi.

Pakadali pano, zikuwoneka kuti mabungwe ambiri akugwira ntchito kuti apite patsogolo modumphadumpha pazinthu zamagetsi, ntchito yomwe Yunivesite ya Harvard yalowa pakhomo lalikulu chifukwa cha ntchito yochitidwa ndi m'modzi mwa akatswiri ofufuza nyenyezi, Mikhail lukin, wasayansi wophunzitsidwa ku Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology komanso woyambitsa mnzake wa Russian Center for Quantum Physics.

kuchuluka kwachipangizo

Harvard University ikugwiritsa ntchito kompyuta yochuluka ndi ma 51 qbits

Zotsatira za ntchito yochitidwa ndi gulu lofufuzira lotsogozedwa ndikugwirizanitsidwa ndi Lukin zapangitsa kuti pakhale pulogalamu ya mapulogalamu amakompyuta ochuluka osachepera 51 qbits, yomwe yangotchulidwa kuti ndiyo yamphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi chifukwa chakuti, lero, amphamvu kwambiri ali ndi zopinga khumi ndi ziwiri.

Ngakhale mphamvu ya chipangizochi ndi yosangalatsa, chinthu chomwe mpaka miyezi yapitayo zinali zosatheka kuganiza zopezera china chonga ichi, chowonadi ndichakuti, pakadali pano, kufunikira kwamachitidwe awa sikokwera kwambiri chifukwa kuthekera kosungira ndizochepa kwambiri. Kuti ndimvetse izi bwino ndikufuna kunena mawu a a John Martines ku Msonkhano Wapadziko Lonse wa IV pa Quantum Technology womwe unachitika masabata angapo apitawa ku Moscow komwe katswiri ananena kuti zimatenga ma qbits mazana kapena masauzande kuti apeze ma algorithms apano kugwira ntchito.

Tithokoze ntchito yomwe yatulutsidwa ndi Yunivesite ya Harvard, zikuwoneka kuti tili pafupi kwambiri kuti tithe kupanga ndi kugwira ntchito ndi kompyuta yapadziko lonse lapansi yomwe mabungwe ambiri amagwira ntchito m'mapulojekiti operekedwa ndi mabungwe akuluakulu aboma komanso aboma omwe angathe sungani madola mamiliyoni ambiri pakupanga ukadaulo uwu.

Chipangizo cha Harvard

Chifukwa cha ntchito ya Mikhail Lukin tili pafupi kwambiri ndi makompyuta achilengedwe omwe tonsefe timafuna

Monga zikuyembekezeredwa, ngakhale sitikudziwa, makampani azinsinsiwa akufuna kutulutsa phindu kwa mtundu uwu wazachuma, ngakhale kuti ndiwanthawi yayitali. Malinga ndi ofufuza ambiri ndi akatswiri pankhaniyi, iyi ndiukadaulo wotsatira wokhoza kusintha dziko lapansi m'njira yovuta kwambiri kuposa momwe tingaganizire.

Kuti mumvetsetse bwino zomwe ukadaulo watsopanowu ungatipatse, ndikuuzeni kuti mosiyana ndi makompyuta apano, pomwe mabatani amatha kukhala ndi zigawo ziwiri, ma qbits angatanthauze mayiko angapo nthawi imodzi. Izi zitha kukhala zovuta kuzimvetsa, popeza tifunika kukhala ndi chidziwitso chambiri cha sayansi kuti tidziwe zomwe tikukamba, ngakhale zili choncho, zotsatira za ntchitoyi zitha kutanthauza kuti titha kuwerengera nthawi imodzi mwachangu chodabwitsa.

Ngati tiwona izi moyenera, ingokuuzani kuti imodzi mwamakompyutawa itha kutero kuthyola njira iliyonse yomwe timagwiritsa ntchito masiku anoNgakhale zitha kuwoneka zotsogola, pamasekondi ochepa chabe, china chake chomwe chimamveketsa bwino mtundu wamphamvu zamphamvu ngati izi zingabweretse.

Ngakhale zili choncho, monga zikuyembekezeredwa, ntchito idakalipo patsogolo, onse pophunzira ukadaulo motero komanso pakupanga kwake. Monga tsatanetsatane, ndikuuzeni kuti kutha kupanga makompyuta ochulukirapo okhala ndi ma 51 qbits kunali kofunikira kugwira ntchito ndi makina ozungulira maatomu ozizira omwe ali 'amagwiritsitsa'm'mlengalenga chifukwa chakuchita kwa mbadwo watsopano wa'zopangira zamagetsi'zopangidwa ndimatabwa angapo a laser omwe adakonzedwa mwanjira yapadera kuti ma atomu athe kuzirala chifukwa cha mphamvu yomwe ali nayo'kugunda'.


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  1.   Sergio Rivas anati

    Chosangalatsa ndichodabwitsa kuti ukadaulo wapita patsogolo m'zaka zaposachedwa. Ndimakonda kuti zimayenda bwino.