Kodi dzenje lachiwiri lalikulu kwambiri mu Milky Way lidapezeka modzidzimutsa

bowo lakuda

Ingoganizirani kuti mutha kudzipereka nokha kudziko la zakuthambo, sayansi yosangalatsa kwambiri yomwe, monga zachitikira panthawiyi, itha kutipatsa njira yodabwitsa kudziwa zomwe zimachitika kunja kwa Dziko Lapansi kapena kungosonyeza kuti, kutali ndi dziko lapansili, zinthu zitha kuchitika zomwe sitimaganizira.

Izi ndizomwe zachitika pagulu la akatswiri azakuthambo aku Japan omwe, pomwe amagwiritsa ntchito Telescope ya ALMA Pazinthu zina zamaphunziro ndi malo, adazipanga kuti zitha kuwona momwe mtambo wa mpweya wakupha umakhalira, adazindikira kuti zomwe anali nazo pamaso pawo sizinali zochepa kuposa yemwe adabatizidwa ngati dzenje lalikulu lachiwiri lakuda mu Milky Way.

Alma

Chifukwa cha kuthekera kwa ALMA telescope yakwanitsa kupeza chomwe chimatchedwa dzenje lachiwiri lalikulu lakuda mu Milky Way

Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti dzenje lakuda kwambiri silinapezeke mpaka pano makamaka chifukwa cha njira zochepa momwe akatswiri a zakuthambo amawerengera. Kuti tipeze bowo lakuda, ngakhale litakhala lalikulu motani, lidayenera kugwiritsa ntchito china chochepa kuposa ALMA (Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array) telescope ndi dongosolo wopangidwa ndi ma telescopes 66 a wailesi yomwe ili ku Sierra de Atacama (Chile).

Malinga ndi zomwe ananena mneneri wa gulu ili la asayansi aku Japan, zikuwoneka kuti komanso panthawi yofufuza omwe adachita pa mtambo wa mpweya wakupha, gulu la asayansi lidazindikira kuti mamolekyulu mumtambo anali kukokedwa ndi a mphamvu yokoka yayikulu, china chomwe chingafotokozedwe ndikupezeka kwa bowo lakuda lokhala ndi malo ozungulira a Makilomita 1.4 biliyoni.

Mosakayikira, chidziwitso chomwe chimatipatsa zambiri zoti tiziganizire popeza, malinga ndi akatswiri pamunda, bowo lakuda la izi lingakhale zikwi zana kuchulukirapo kuposa Dzuwa palokha, chowonadi kuti, mosakayikira, chimatithandiza pang'ono kuti timvetsetse mtundu wa dzenje lakuda lomwe titha kukumana nalo, lomwe silinapezeke mpaka masiku apitawa, china chake chomwe chimatipangitsa kulingalira pazonse zomwe sitidziwa komanso ngati zilipo zochuluka za mabowo akuda kapena mitundu ina yazinthu.

dzenje lakuda

Sizinathekebe kutsimikizira kupezeka kwa bowo lakuda lodabwitsa ili

Pakadali pano, ofufuza ambiri akuyesera kuyang'ana pamalopo kuti adziwe ngati tingakhalebe tisanakhale dzenje lachiwiri lalikulu kwambiri mu Milky Way. Monga mwatsatanetsatane, ndikuuzeni kuti, malinga ndi magulu ena a ofufuza, zikuwoneka kuti mafunde a wailesi agwidwa omwe atha kuwonetsa kuti pali bowo lakuda pakati pa mtambo wakuphawu ndikuti uwu ungakhale misa yapakatikati yopezeka mu Milky Way.

Tikukumana ndi zomwe tapeza zomwe zikutifikitsa pafupi ndi chidziwitso chosavuta chomwe chingatithandize kumvetsetsa momwe Milky Way ingapangidwire, osati pachabe, asayansi akukayikira kuti bowo lakuda limapangidwa nyenyezi zina zikaphulika pomwe 'kuti afe'. Kumbali inayi, pali asayansi ambiri omwe amaganiza kuti kukhazikitsidwa kwa mabowo akuda opangidwa mwanjira yayikulu kumapangidwa akaphatikizana angapo, ndikupanga yayikulu kapena, malinga ndi magwero ena, popezera zinthu kuchokera ku gawo lina la mlalang'amba wozungulira bowo lakuda lokha.

bowo lakuda

Tomoharu Oka ndi katswiri wa zakuthambo yemwe akutsogolera gulu lomwe lapeza kupezeka kwa dzenje lakuda lalikululi

Malinga ndi zomwe ananena osachepera Tomoharu Oka, Katswiri wazakuthambo waku Japan yemwe amayang'anira kafukufukuyu, zikuwoneka kuti dzenje lakuda lomwe likadapezeka posachedwa likhoza kukhala pachimake pa mlalang'amba wakale wachikulire zomwe zidadyedwa panthawi yopanga Milky Way mabiliyoni azaka zapitazo.

Monga Tomoharu Oka amakhulupirira, zikuwoneka mtsogolomo dzenje lakuda lidzakopeka ndi Sagittarius A, dzenje lakuda lalikulu kwambiri mumlalang'amba wathu wonse. Mphindi mabowo onse akuda atakumana, wokulirapo komanso wokulirapo adzapangidwa. Pakadali pano zonse zikuwonetsa ndipo, monga asayansi akutsimikizira, sizinatheke kutsimikizira zomwe zapezedwa kapena kufunikira kwake kwenikweni, ngakhale kafukufukuyu watsegula magawo ena atsopano kuti adziwe komwe zinthuzi zinayambira.


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