Mitundu ya USB: zonse zotheka ndi mawonekedwe

USB-c

USB ndiye kulumikizidwa komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamitundu yonse yazida zamagetsi, kuyambira ndudu yamagetsi mpaka tochi, kudzera pama foni athu, mapiritsi athu kapena zowongolera masewera athu. Koma si ma USB onse omwe amafananaTili ndi zolumikizira zambiri za USB, zochulukirapo kotero kuti sitikudziwanso zomwe tingawatchule.

Chiwerengero cha mitunduyo ndichachikulu, koma chofala kwambiri chakhala mtundu wa USB A, womwe timawona mu chingwe chilichonse cha Pendrive kapena chala. Mbali inayi, tili ndi USB yaying'ono yotchuka, zomwe ndi zomwe mafoni athu akhala akugwiritsa ntchito kwazaka zopitilira 10. ndikuti tsopano akudumphadumpha kuti ayimitse C, zonse chifukwa chothamanga kwambiri komanso mawonekedwe ake, zomwe zimatipatsa mwayi wolumikizana osayang'ana. M'nkhaniyi tifotokoza mtundu uliwonse wa USB ndi momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito pafupipafupi.

Mitundu ya chingwe cha USB ndi zofunikira zawo

Onsewa ndi ochokera m'banja lolumikizana ndi USB koma iliyonse ili ndi mawonekedwe osiyana kulumikizana kwake kwakuthupi ndi zofunikira zina.

Mitundu ya USB

Lembani A

Uwu ndiye mulingo wofala kwambiri pamsika, zomwe tipeze muzingwe zambiri, zokumbukira zakunja kapena makompyuta. Mawonekedwe ake ndi amakona anayi koma salola kulumikizana kwa mbali zonse ziwiri, chifukwa chake tiyenera kukhala osamala tikalumikiza.

Makompyuta ambiri, zotonthoza, kapena ma TV amakhala ndimalumikizidwe amtunduwu olumikizira zokumbukira zakunja kapena chingwe chomwe chimagwiritsa ntchito kulumikizana pakati pazida zonsezi. Izi ngakhale zili chimodzi mwazolumikizana zakale kwambiri sizinawonetse zizindikiro zosowa ngakhale mukuyesera kudumpha kwathunthu ku usb C.

Lembani B

Mtundu B ndi cholumikizira chapadera kwambiri, ndi cholumikizira chofanana. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi osindikiza ena ndi zipangizo zina zoyendera magetsi zomwe zimalumikizidwa ndi kompyuta. Zikuchepa pafupipafupi, chifukwa zida zambiri zasamukira kulumikizidwe kowoneka bwino.

Mini USB

Chimodzi mwazomwe zili pandandandawu, ndizomwe zidalowetsapo Micro usb, idanyamulidwa ndi zida zambiri zam'manja, monga MP3 kapena mapiritsiNdikothekabe kuti upeze koma ambiri a iwo amapangira Micro Micro pankhani yotsika mtengo kwambiri, kapena ku USB C.

Mtundu C

Imene imawerengedwa kuti ndi mibadwo yatsopano yotsatira, yaying'ono kwambiri kuposa zonse ndipo ili ndi mawonekedwe owulungika kwathunthu omwe amapatsa cholumikizira wosakanizidwa wamwamuna / wamkazi, yomwe imalola kuti igwirizane mwanjira iliyonse, popanda kuyang'ana cholumikizira. Zimathandizanso kuti mitengo isinthe, komanso kutanthauzira kwamavidiyo kapena magetsi.

Tidzazipeza zatsopano mafoni, komanso zida zambiri, zimatsimikiziridwa kuti PlayStation 5 yatsopano iphatikizira ngati kulumikizana koyenera onse pa kutonthoza kwanu ndi pazowongolera.

Mphezi

Pankhaniyi osati kulumikiza kwa USB kokha, koma kusiyanasiyana kwa Apple, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa koyamba mu 2012 ya iPhone 5, m'malo cholumikizira wanu wakale wa pini. Ndi cholumikizira chachimuna chomwe chimathandizira kwambiri kulumikizana popanda chiopsezo cha zolakwika zomwe zingachitike, makamaka tikamafuna kulipiritsa mumdima.

Mphezi

Ikugwiritsidwa ntchito pakadali pano ndi zida zambiri pamalopo, monga AirPods, iPhone, iPods, iPad, Magic Mouse kapena Magic Keyboard. Kwatsala nthawi kuti Apple ipange gawo lomaliza la USB C, popeza ikuigwiritsa ntchito mu Pro Pro kapena MacBook yake yatsopano. Kukula kwake ndikofanana ndi USB C.

Zolumikizira zolumikizana mosiyanasiyana kumapeto kwake

Zingwe zambiri za usb nthawi zambiri zimalumikizana kumapeto kwina ndi kwina kumzake, izi zimachitika chifukwa makompyuta nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi kulumikizana kwa mtundu A ndi mafoni amtundu wa B.

Type A ndiyomwe imatumiza zidziwitsozo komanso chindapusa chamagetsi ku Type B, zomwe zimapangitsa izi kuwonjezera pakutumiza izi, timayipitsa chipangizocho. Micro kapena mini ndi mitundu ing'onoing'ono yamtundu wa B.

Mawindo othamanga a USB

Kukhala omveka pamtundu uliwonse wa USB yomwe idalipo kale komanso zothandiza zake, tidzalowera nkhani yosadziwika kwambiri, yothamanga.

Kuthamanga kwa USB

USB 1.x

Choyamba ndi chodekha kwambiri, Yatha ntchito kwathunthu, chifukwa chake sizingatheke kuyipeza mu chida chilichonse cham'badwo watsopano, ngakhale ndichinthu chobwereranso kwathunthu, kotero USB 1.0 imatha kugwira bwino ntchito m'malo apamwamba, ndikusiyana ndi liwiro losamutsa.

USB 2.x

Ndiwo mulingo wodziwika kwambiri wapano, chifukwa ndikulumikiza komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zida zotsika mtengo kwambiri zomwe timatha kuziwona m'masitolo. Ndiye amene adayambitsa mitundu yatsopano yolumikizirana yomwe tikuwona lero. Makompyuta ambiri masiku ano akuphatikizapo USB 2.0 ngati muyezo.

Uku ndiye kuchepa kwazomwe zilipo, popeza zomwe zidakonzedweratu zikuchedwa kukula kwamafayilo apano, makanema ndi chithunzi.

USB 3.x

Imene imawonedwa ngati mulingo wazida zapamwamba kwambiri komanso mwachangu kwambiri posachedwa. Imathamanga kwambiri kuposa 2.0. Pachifukwa ichi ndikofunikira kwambiri makamaka pazoyendetsa mwakhama zakunja.

Titha kuwona kuti madoko ambiri a USB 3.0 adzadziwika ndi S iwiri, zilembo zomwe zimatanthauza Kuthamanga Kwambiri (Kuthamanga Kwambiri). Adzakhalanso odziwika nthawi zina mwa kulumikizana kwawo kwamkati ndi mtundu wina.

Makompyuta ambiri, ngakhale otsika mtengo kwambiri, amakhala ndi doko limodzi la USB 3.0, popeza zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kulumikiza ma memory memory akunja osasintha zosunga zamkati.

Mukamagula zinthu zakunja, monga ma hard drive kapena ma Pen Drives, ndibwino kuti muwonetsetse kuti kulumikizana kwanu kumagwiritsa ntchito mulingo wa 3.0. popeza kusiyana kwa nthawi yosamutsira kumatha kuonekera kwambiri, makamaka tikamalankhula za kanema pamalingaliro apamwamba, komwe titha kuchoka pa mphindi 30 kupita ku 5 chabe. Ichi ndi gawo lalikulu kwambiri poyerekeza ndi omwe adalipo kale.

 


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