Tikukufotokozerani za loboti yochita chidwi yomwe imasewera mpira wapatebulo

mpira

Tikupita ku Lausanne ku Switzerland, komwe École Polytechnique Fédérale yakhazikitsa mpira wamiyendo wamiyendo. Ndipo sitikunena za tebulo la mpira wokhala ndi malo aukadaulo, kapena mpira wapatebulo, koma mpira wapatebulowu uli ndi mdani wopanda umunthu, loboti yomwe imatha kusewera wosewera wamba. Izi zopangidwa ku Spain ndi chimodzi mwazodziwika kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pambuyo pa Chupa Chups, chifukwa chake sichingaphonye dzina lake laukadaulo, loboti iyi yomwe imasewera mpira wapatebulo ingakondweretse okonda «masewerawa" pomwe alibe wina woti azisewera nawo. Tikukufotokozerani zambiri za chida chosangalatsachi komanso mbiri ya mpira wapatebulo.

Choyamba, sitipeza pachidachi chida chokwanira matabwa, gawo la mpira wapatebulo limapangidwa methacrylate wowonekera, izi zithandizira masensa a loboti ndi makamera opitilira muyeso kuti atenge kuyenda kulikonse ndikuwerengera zomwe zichitike za loboti yapaderayi. Makamera omwe adaloza pamtunda amatha kujambula zithunzi mazana atatu pamphindikati ndipo amadziwa mpirawo komanso momwe osewera onse alili nthawi yomweyo. Kenako, ndi magetsi amtundu wamagetsi omwe adzaonetsetse kuti mipiringidzo yomwe imagwira osewera imayenda mozungulira, mozungulira mozungulira ndikuwongolera ndikusunthira osewerawo pambuyo pake.

Tsoka ilo, mpira wapatebulowu uli ndi osewera omwe ali ndi mwendo umodzi, odedwa kwambiri ndi okonda mpira wapatebulo, ndipo ku Spain osewerawo ndiwowonekera, osewera amakhala ndi miyendo iwiri ndi torso, nthawi zambiri amaimira timu yeniyeni. Kunja kwa Spain, ndizofala kupeza tebulo la osewera osasewera osavomerezeka, yomwe imalepheretsa matsenga enieni pabwalo lamasewera, koma ndi zomwe zili.

Malinga ndi omwe akutukula, masewera a robotic amatha kukhala ndi wosewera wamba, wodziwa zochepa, ngakhale china chake ndichinthu china. Tsopano akugwira loboti yachiwiri yomwe imawalola kupikisana wina ndi mnzake, popeza loboti yapanoyo ndiyosungulumwa. Loboti yachiwiri ikapangidwa, amawaika kuti azisewera wina ndi mnzake maola 24 pa tsikuChifukwa chake, ayambitsa pulogalamu yokhayokha yobwereketsa yomwe imawatsogolera kuti asinthe njira zawo ndi malingaliro awo, kuwapanga kukhala otsutsana enieni ndi anthu.

Mbiri ndi tanthauzo la mpira wapatebulo, wopangidwa ku Spain

Spanish-mpira tebulo1-rafax

Mpira wapatebulo monga tikudziwira. Ku Spain yatenga tanthauzo lapadera, ndipo gawo lake lamasewera ndilolokulirapo kuposa mayiko ena, kukhala oyenera osewera anayi (2vs2). Chilolezo choyamba chinawonekera pakati pa 1880 ndi 1990 ku Germany (mwalamulo oyambitsa enieni), pomwe mtunduwo unali wazing'ono komanso miyendo yolumikizidwa ndi tsamba limodzi, zomwe sizachilendo ku Spain. Lingaliroli lidabwera kuchokera kwa Alexandre Campos Ramírez, mwana wovulazidwa pa Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni yemwe adaletsedwa kusewera mpira ngati anzawo ena onse, chifukwa chake adayesetsa kuthana ndi kusowa kwa othamanga ndi kukankha mthupi pamasewera. Pakati pa Alexandre ndi Francosci Javier Altuna, mmisiri wamatabwa wa ku Basque, adapanga lingaliro ili.

Komabe, pambuyo pa Nkhondo Yapachiweniweni, chifukwa cha ukapolo waku Spain, mpira wapatebulo udayamba kufalikira ku Europe ndi South America. Masewerawa amalingaliridwa kuti ndiopangidwa ndi dziko, ndipo ngakhale sanayambike, malamulo omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito pano ndi mitundu iwiri yamiyendo ilipo. Izi ndi zomwe zingakhale zitsanzo za mpira wapatebulo:

  • Mtundu waku Spain, wokhala ndi gawo lopindika lomwe likutsikira pakati ndi zidole zachitsulo zotseguka.
  • Mtundu wapadziko lonse lapansi, wokhala ndi zidole za pulasitiki kapena zamatabwa komanso miyendo yawo pamodzi.

Pakadali pano pali fayilo ya Spanish Soccer Federation yomwe imachita masewera ovomerezeka, ndikukhala okonda "masewera" awa kwambiri. Achi China ali ndi Ping-Pong (ngakhale adabadwira ku England), tili ndi Foosball.


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