Atsikana Ovomerezeka mu Tsiku la ICT: Timacheza ndi Fran del Pozo, wochokera ku Code.ORG

Lero, Epulo 22, 22, tsiku lovomerezeka la atsikana ku ICT limakondwerera, tsiku lofunika ngati tilingalira za kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa amuna ndi akazi komwe kumachitika pakusintha ndi kupanga mapulogalamu, ndichifukwa chake tikufuna kukuwuzani zomwe zili ndi Code ORG ndi momwe ntchito yake imathandizira atsikana masauzande padziko lonse lapansi kulikonse komwe angaphunzire zambiri zaumisiri watsopano komanso makamaka mapulogalamu. Tinacheza ndi Fran del Pozo, wamkulu wa Code.ORG ku Spain.

Ku Actualidad Gadget, okhulupilika nthawi zonse pamakhalidwe athu olemba, timapitiliza zolemba zathu zonse zoyankhulana zomwe timachita.

Mwa chiyani? Kodi Code.ORG idasankha liti kutenga nawo gawo pazogawana pakati pa achinyamata ndikukhala nawo pagululi? 

Code.org idabadwa mu 2013 ku United States ndi cholinga choti mwana aliyense pasukulu iliyonse padziko lapansi ali ndi mwayi wophunzirira kulemba. 

Mtundu wotsimikizika wopambana. Oposa 40% ya ophunzira aku North America ali ndi akaunti pa Code.org, komanso + 2MM ya aphunzitsi ndi 55MM ya ophunzira padziko lonse lapansi (theka la iwo, akazi). 

Ntchitoyi imayendetsedwa ndi atsogoleri apadziko lonse lapansi, andale, azachuma komanso azachuma, monga Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, Satya Nadella, Eric Schmidt, Tim Cook, Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, Richard Branson, BONO, kapena oyang'anira a University of Stanford, Harvard kapena MediaLab ya MIT pakati pa ena ambiri ... ndi zothandizidwa ndi makampani akuluakulu padziko lapansi, monga Google, Microsoft, Amazon, General Motors ndi Disney.

Kodi Code.ORG imagwira ntchito bwanji kuthandiza atsikana ang'onoang'ono kuphunzira mapulogalamu? 

Pamodzi ndi Khan Academy, ndife malo ophunzitsira akulu kwambiri padziko lapansi potengera kuchuluka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito. Tili ndi zinthu zaulere zomasuliridwa mzilankhulo zoposa 60 za ophunzira azaka 4 mpaka 18 zakubadwa. Kuphatikiza apo, nthawi zonse timachita kampeni yolimbikitsa kuti achinyamata athe kupeza mapulogalamu.

Kusiyanitsa kwathu kwakukulu ndikuti ndife nsanja yotseguka kwathunthu komanso yaulere kulikonse padziko lapansi. Zomwe zili mkatizi cholinga chake ndikuphunzitsa anyamata ndi atsikana kuyambira ali aang'ono, (40% ya ophunzira aku America am'badwo uno ndi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito Code.org) ndimaphunziro osiyanasiyana kutengera msinkhu wophunzira. Kumbali inayi, imayang'aniranso aphunzitsi, monga omwe amapereka maphunziro ndi chida chothandizira kukhazikitsa mapulogalamu awo. Mwachidule, ku Code.org timalimbikitsa mtundu wophatikizira komanso wachilungamo, kwa onse, ndi cholinga chothana ndi chidziwitso, jenda komanso mpikisano womwe ungakhalepo.

Chani? kufunika kwake kungakhale ndi mapulogalamu pantchito yanu komanso tsogolo lanu? 

Mwanjira ina kapena ina, ntchito zonse zidzagwirizana ndi ukadaulo ndi kompyuta. Komabe, anthu ambiri sakudziwa kuti mapulogalamu ndi otani komanso kuti ndi ofunika motani mtsogolo mwa ana awo. M'malo mwake, kuphunzitsa sayansi yamakompyuta ndikofunikira mtsogolo mwa achinyamata komanso mpikisano ku Spain.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti mufananize maphunziro ndi ntchito monga momwe chuma chambiri padziko lapansi chikuchitira.

Mukuganiza kuti ndichifukwa chiyani chiwerengero cha azimayi omwe amaphunzira ndikudzipereka ku sayansi yamakompyuta ndi ukadaulo chatsika padziko lapansi lomwe likuchulukirachulukira? 

Ndikuganiza kuti pali vuto lachinyengo lomwe ndilofunika kwambiri kuthetsa mavuto a ntchito zamakono komanso kusowa kwa amayi. Pachikhalidwe, zidamveka kuti ntchito zovuta kwambiri, zomwe zimafunikira kudzipereka kwakukulu komanso kulimbikira, sizinapangidwe kuti zithandizire amayi ndichifukwa chake ngakhale mabanja adalimbikitsa ana awo aakazi kuti azilingalira magawo azasayansi, monga zamankhwala. Atolankhani amatenga gawo lofunikira pothana ndi kusiyana pakati pa amuna ndi akazi. Zakhala zikuwonetseratu kuti abambo ndi amai ali ndi kuthekera kofananako ndipo ndikofunikira kuphatikizira azimayi mu sayansi ndi ukadaulo, osati pankhani zachilungamo kapena chilungamo koma pakuchita bwino komanso mpikisano.

Kodi Code.ORG imagulitsa bwanji ntchito zake zonse zaulere? 

Kuchokera kwa omwe adatipatsa, omwe makamaka ndi makampani opanga ukadaulo wapadziko lonse lapansi, komanso opereka mphatso zachifundo ku North America. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono tikufuna magwero atsopano opezera ndalama ndi omwe amapereka kuchokera kumadera osiyanasiyana padziko lapansi chifukwa ndife ntchito yapadziko lonse lapansi.  

Kodi zilankhulo ziwiri zamaukadaulo zimakhudza bwanji kugawanika kwama digito ndipo Code.ORG ikufuna kuthana nawo bwanji? 

Zimakhudzadi chifukwa kusalinganiza maphunziro ndi ntchito kumabweretsa kuchepa kwa akatswiri, zomwe zidzakhala zovuta kuzilemba. Zimakhudza pankhani yantchito, moyo wabwino, mpikisano komanso zokolola. Tachedwa ndi Chingerezi ndipo sitingakwanitse zomwezi zomwe zingatichitikire ndi mapulogalamu (ndi malingaliro owerengera).

Kodi mukuganiza kuti achinyamata amasiku ano ali ndi mavuto pakusintha zinthu, kuganiza mozama, komanso kuthetsa mavuto? 

Ndilibe deta yoti ndiyankhe funsoli. Koma nditha kunena kuti mukamapanga mapulogalamu timakhala ndi malingaliro owerengera ndipo izi zimathandizira kukulitsa maluso ena monga kulingalira, kulingalira mozama kapena kuthana ndi mavuto. Sitikudziwa kuti ntchito zamtsogolo zidzakhala zotani, koma tikudziwa maluso omwe adzafunika ndipo ndi ena mwa awa.

Kubwerera ku Tsiku Lapadziko Lonse la Atsikana, kodi Code.ORG ikukonzekera kuchita zochitika kapena kampeni yomwe ikukhudzana ndi chikondwererochi? 

Osati makamaka popeza timachita kampeni nthawi zonse, chifukwa ndi gawo la DNA yathu kuwonjezera atsikana.

Mukuganiza kuti kulowa kwa Code.ORG m'maiko omwe akutukuka kungakhale chiyani? 

Africa mwachitsanzo ndi kontinenti yokhala ndi mawonekedwe apadera. M'mayiko omwe akutukuka kumene timagwirira ntchito limodzi ndi mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi omwe akugwira ntchito m'mundawu, ali, pamodzi ndi maboma am'deralo, othandizana nawo kwambiri awa.

Tithokoze gulu la Code.ORG makamaka Fran del Pozo chifukwa chotisamalira komanso kuyankha mafunso onsewa popanda chokana. Tikuyembekeza kuti tidzatha kupereka gawo lathu pakukula kwa mapulogalamu pakati pa achichepere, makamaka kuswa zopinga pakati pa amuna ndi akazi m'gawo lomwe siliyenera kukhala nalo.


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