Chifukwa cha chip ichi anthu akhungu ambiri amatha kuwona

Chip

Posachedwapa zikuwoneka kuti nkhani zokhudzana ndi luntha lochita kupanga, maukonde a neural ndi chilichonse chokhudzana ndi tsogolo la kusungidwa ndi kusungidwa kwa data zikuwoneka kuti ndi chinthu chokhacho chomwe chikukambidwa. Chowonadi ndichakuti pali magulu ambiri a ofufuza omwe apita patsogolo, ngakhale sangawoneke ngati amenewo, koposa modabwitsa komanso modabwitsa, ngakhale chowonadi ndichakuti mtundu uwu waukadaulo utenga nthawi yayitali kuti ufike, kapena osachepera ndicho chithunzi chomwe chimatipatsa.

Lero ndikufuna ndiyankhule nanu za projekiti yatsopano yomwe ikupereka zoposa zotsatira zodabwitsa, makamaka chifukwa zidzalola akhungu akhoza kupenyanso chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito chip chapadera kwambiri. Ntchitoyi yachitika ndi gulu la ofufuza ochokera ku Yunivesite ya Rice ku Houston (United States) ndipo, kuti igwire bwino ntchito, imayenera kuikidwa muubongo wa munthu amene akufuna kuigwiritsa ntchito.

Chip

Ntchito iyi ku Rice University ipangitsa kuti anthu akhungu ayambenso kuona

Chimodzi mwazikhalidwe zoyambirira zomwe zingakusangalatseni mu ntchitoyi ndi kakang'ono kakang'ono ka chip, mutha kuchiwona pachithunzi chomwe chili pamwambapa. Kutengera pepala lomwe anthu omwe akutukuka adasindikiza, ndikuuzeni kuti wabatizidwa mwalamulo ndi dzina la FlatScope ndipo, m'mayeso oyamba amodzimodzi, imatha kufikira kuthetsa mavuto ena okhudzana ndi khungu, ugonthi komanso kupuwala.

Monga gulu la ofufuza ochokera ku Rice University lalumikizana, chip ichi chatsopano chimathetsa mavuto ambiri omwe akhungu onsewa ali nawo, makamaka okhudzana ndi mayankho omwe angakhale nawo pakhungu lawo masiku ano, monga kuti ayenera kupita kumuika diso, yomwe, mwazinthu zina, woperekayo amafunikira, china chake chomwe sichingafunikire, chimodzimodzi ndi kukhazikika kwa chimodzi mwazosangalatsa maso abwino, yankho lomwe anthu ambiri omwe akhudzidwa ndivutoli sangakwanitse chifukwa cha mtengo wake.

FlatScope

FlatScope ndi kachipangizo kakang'ono kamene kamayenera kuikidwa muubongo wa wodwalayo

Kupita mwatsatanetsatane pang'ono, ndekha ndimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi kagwiritsidwe kantchito ngati kameneka, kumbukirani, kamayenera kukhazikika muubongo wa munthu amene amafunikira. Zikuwoneka kuti chip ichi chimagwira ngati microscope yaying'ono yomwe imagwira ntchito kuchokera muubongo wamunthuyo ankagwira ntchito ngati mtundu wa modemu ndi mphamvu, chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake apadera, a kudziwa ndikulimbikitsa mphamvu yaubongo mpaka ma neuron miliyoni okhala ndi liwiro la 1 GB pamphindikati.

Zikomo makamaka pantchito yowunikira yomwe FlatScope imachita mkati mwaubongo wa wodwalayo, imatha tumizani zidziwitso zokhudzana ndi malingaliro amawonedwe aubongo. Iyi ndi njira yosangalatsa yomwe chip ichi chimatha kuzindikira mphamvu zomwe zitha kuwonongeka kapena kukhudzidwa ndi vuto linalake. Monga mukuwonera, chip ichi sichimangothandiza kuti wakhungu athe kuwona chilichonse chomuzungulira, komanso Itha kuthetsa mavuto ena akumva komanso mavuto akununkha.

neuron

Ntchitoyi yangopeza kumene ndalama zaku 18,3 miliyoni

Kupezeka ndi zomwe zanenedwa ndi Philip alvelda, m'modzi mwa ochita nawo kafukufukuyu:

Powonjezera kuthekera kwa maulalo apamwamba a ma neural opitilira ma neuron opitilila miliyoni mofananamo, cholinga ndikuthandizira kulumikizana kwabwino ndi ubongo.

Umu ndi momwe ntchitoyi yawonetsera kuti, mpaka pano, yapatsidwa ndalama zosachepera $ 18,3 miliyoni, zomwe zimachokera ku bungwe lotchuka la Agency for Advanced Research Projects of Defense of States. DARPA.

Zambiri: Ubergizmo


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