Hadron Collider yangothamangitsa ma atomu ake oyamba a hydrogen

Adron Collider

Pakadali pano mukudziwa zomwe tikunena tikamawerenga Wamkulu Hadron Collider, accelerator ndi tinthu thumba lokutira lomwe lili mkati mwa maofesi a CERN o European Organisation for Nuclear Research. Kapangidwe kamene panthawiyi kanapangidwa kuti kagundane ndi ma hadroni kuti athe kuwona kuyenerera ndi malire a Standard Model of Physics.

Pofuna kugwira ntchitoyi panthawiyo, adamangidwa malo omwe mpaka pano akadali akulu padziko lapansi. Kuti tithe kupeza lingaliro labwinoko, onetsani kuti zamangidwa mkati mwa fayilo ya ngalande yamakilomita 27 mozungulira ndi mwa iye, kufikira lero, oposa 2000 asayansi ochokera kumayiko 34 osiyanasiyana amagwira ntchito pomwe mazana amayunivesite osiyanasiyana ndi malo ophunzitsira ochokera kumayiko osiyanasiyana adagwira ntchito yomanga.


woyendetsa

Hadron Collider ndi imodzi mwamaukadaulo omwe akuthandiza anthu kumvetsetsa chilengedwe

Monga mukuwonera, tikamakambirana za Hadron Collider, tikukamba zaukadaulo womwe, ngakhale ukutsegula zitseko zatsopano zakumvetsetsa kwaumunthu, chowonadi ndichakuti ulinso ndi mithunzi yake. Popanda kulowa mozama pazomwe zingachitike ngati gawo lililonse la kapangidwe kake likulephera pakuyesedwa, ndikuuzeni kuti m'modzi mwazomaliza Zinatenga zaka zopitilira ziwiri kuti ziyambenso kugwira ntchito.

Kupatula zonsezi, ziyenera kutchulidwa kuti ndendende pamangidwe awa tiyenera, mwachitsanzo, mu 2012 Higgs Boson idapezeka Ndipo, kuyambira tsikulo, akatswiri a sayansi ya zakuthambo akwanitsa kuphunzira za tinthu tating'onoting'ono tatsopano tating'onoting'ono ta subatomic, ndipo yathandizanso mokhulupirika chimodzi mwa zolinga zawo, chothandizira kutsimikizira malire a zenizeni.

Mosakayikira, tikukumana ndi kapangidwe kamene anthu amafunikira zambiri koma, patatha zaka khumi zoyeserera, aka ndi koyamba kuti ofufuza ndi asayansi omwe akugwira ntchito kulikulu lawo sanayesere kungobaya ma atomiki pamakinawo, komanso kutsogolera ma atomu omwe muli ndi electron imodzi.

Malo a CERN

CERN ikhoza kusintha Hadron Collider kukhala fakitale ya gamma ray

Pofuna kufotokoza cholinga cha mayeserowa, iwo omwe ali ndi udindo wa CERN alengeza kuti ichi changokhala chitsimikizo cha lingaliro lomwe cholinga chake ndikuyesa lingaliro latsopano lotchedwa Gamma Fakitale, yomwe cholinga chake ndikutembenuza Hadron Collider kukhala fakitale ya gamma ray yomwe imatha kupanga tinthu tating'onoting'ono ngakhale mitundu yatsopano yazinthu.

M'mawu a Michaela Schaumann, injiniya yemwe amagwira ntchito ndi Hadron Collider lero:

Tikufufuza malingaliro atsopano momwe tingakulitsire pulogalamu yaposachedwa ya CERN ndi zomangamanga. Kupeza zomwe zingatheke ndi gawo loyamba.

Mosiyana ndi momwe mungaganizire, kuyesera kwamtunduwu sichinthu chatsopano ku CERN kuyambira chaka chilichonse, kutangotsala pang'ono kutha kwa nyengo yozizira, ofufuza amayesa ndikusinthanitsa kuwombana kwa ma proton kuti apange ma nuclei a atomiki. Zatsopano ndizakuti nthawi ino zomwe adayesa ndizo onjezani ma atomu athunthu.

Chifukwa chomwe asayansi sanayeseko mayeso ndichinthu chophweka ngati maatomu otsogola ndiopepuka ndipo ndizosavuta kwambiri kuchotsa mwangozi ma elektroni omwe pamapeto pake amayambitsa nyongayo kugundana ndi khoma la ray chubu.

Malingana ndi Michaela Schaumann:

Ngati tinthu tating'onoting'ono titachoka, Hadron Collider amangotulutsa mtengowo monga cholinga chathu ndikuteteza kapangidwe kake.

Mwa zolosera timalingalira kuti nthawi yayitali yamtengo wapadera mkati mwa Hadron Collider ikhoza kukhala osachepera maola 15. Mwakutero, tidadabwa kudziwa kuti nthawi yothandiza ikhoza kukhala mpaka maola 40. Tsopano funso ndiloti tingasunge moyo womwewo wa dongolo mwamphamvu pakukonza kasinthidwe ka kolala, yomwe idakonzedwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito ndi ma proton.

kukonza kolala

Ofufuzawa akufuna kugwiritsa ntchito zatsopano za Hadron Collider

Nthawi ikafika yoti ofufuza akwaniritse bwino maizi a maatomu, sitepe yotsatira ikanakhala kuwombera ma atomu oyenda ndi laser kuti apange ma elektroni kuti alumphire mphamvu. Mkati mwa Hadron Collider, atomu imayenda mozungulira kwambiri pafupi ndi kuwala, ndikupangitsa mphamvu ya tinthu kukhala yayitali kwambiri, komanso nthawi yomweyo ikumapondereza mawonekedwe ake. Izi zingapangitse inasanduka gamma ray.

Magetsi a gamma akangokhala ndi mphamvu zokwanira, amatha kutulutsa tinthu tating'onoting'ono monga ma quark, ma elekitironi ngakhale ma muons, osanenapo kuti, nthawi ikafika, amatha kukhala tinthu tating'onoting'ono komanso tatsopano ngakhale. nkhani yakuda.


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