DMZ, zidziwitso zonse zomwe mungafune kuti mupange zone yanu yankhondo

Tsegulani DMZ

Pali ogwiritsa ambiri omwe, ngakhale ali ndi chidziwitso chokwanira pamakompyuta ndi maukonde komanso amatha kukhazikitsa rauta m'njira chikwi chimodzi, chowonadi ndichakuti sakudziwa zomwe DMZ, mawu omwe tonse tidawawerenga tikamalowa pa intaneti ya rauta yathu, ngakhale itakhala yosavuta motani, koma ndi ochepa okha omwe amadziwa bwino njira iyi.

Kodi DMZ ndi chiyani?

Choyamba, ndibwino kuti tidziwe chisankhochi ndi zomwe zimaloleza, makamaka kuti timve bwino pamalingaliro ena ndi zomwe zimachitika tikasankha kuzigwiritsa ntchito. Ponena za tanthauzo la DMZ, kutanthauzira kwa Chisipanishi kwa mawuwa, monga mutu umanenera, kungakhale ngati Malo Oponderezedwa (DMZ imachokera ku mawu akuti DesMilitarized Zone).

Mwachidule, ndikuuzeni kuti ngakhale zitha kuwoneka ngati njira yomwe tingapitiriremo, mwina chifukwa cha dzina lake, chowonadi ndichakuti tikukumana ndi chinthu chinanso cha rauta yathu chomwe ndichothandiza kwambiri komanso chosangalatsa, bola mumadziwa kukonza chilichonse molondola, kuposa momwe mungaganizire.

Chifukwa chake tikulankhula za njira yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyumba komanso m'makampani ambiri. Chitsanzo chogwiritsa ntchito DMZ pamlingo wa bizinesi chingakhale cha kulumikizana kwa netiweki zamkati ndi zakunja zimasiyanaMwanjira ina, makompyuta okha omwe alipo mu DMZ ndi omwe amatha kulumikizana ndi netiweki yakunja koma motero ndi netiweki yamkati ya kampaniyo. Izi zimakonzedwa motere kuti wolowerera aliyense yemwe atha kusokoneza chitetezo cha makompyutawa sangathe kulumikizana ndi kampaniyo popeza atha kudzipha. Tidzawona zomwe zingatipatse ife m'malo apakhomo.

Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito DMZ m'nyumba

Chithunzi cha DMZ

M'nyumba, ndiko kuti, m'nyumba mwathu, gwiritsani ntchito njirayi DMZ ndichimodzimodzi chotsegula madoko onse, kupatula omwe amapezeka m'malamulo omwe ali pagome la NAT, kupita ku adilesi ya IP ya kompyutayi pa netiweki yomwe.

Izi zitha kukhala zosangalatsa kwambiri, makamaka ngati mungakumane ndi mavuto mukamapanga pulogalamu inayake kapena mukapeza ntchito inayake yomwe mwina mudayika pamakina pa netiweki yanu yakunja.

Monga mukuwonera, tikulankhula zakutsegulira madoko onse a rauta pamakina omwe ali mu netiweki yathu, izi zili ndi zovuta zake popeza zomwe timachita ndikuloleza aliyense pa intaneti kuti athe kutsata ndikuwukira kapena kulumikiza makompyuta athu, masewera a masewera kapena chida kuchokera padoko lililonse pokhapokha titakhala ndi, zotchingira moto kapena zosintha zomwe zimawasiya otetezedwa bwino pachida chomwecho.

Ngati mwatsimikiza mtima kugwiritsa ntchito njira ya DMZ, dziwitseni nokha kuti choyamba muyenera kuchita onetsetsani kuti kasinthidweko ndi koyenera kwambiri. Zina mwazomwe muyenera kuziganizira, kuwonjezera pakupanga zida bwino, mwina akaunti yaogwiritsa kapena firewall, ikupatsanso IP yokhazikika Kompyutayi yomwe mudzagwiritse ntchito malo oponderezedwa, mwanjira imeneyi sichitha IP, zomwe zingachitike ngati mutayambitsanso rauta yokha kangapo popeza ingapatse IP iyi chida china chomwe sichili bwino.

Kodi nthawi yabwino kugwiritsa ntchito DMZ ndi iti?

Ngakhale zitha kuwoneka ngati chinthu chomwe tiyenera kupewa zivute zitani, chowonadi ndichakuti, monga ndidanenera, ndichinthu chosangalatsa, makamaka tikamafuna limbikitsani kufikira kwa netiweki yakunja ya mapulogalamu a P2P, ntchito za intaneti komanso masewera amakanema. M'malo mwanga, mwachitsanzo, lero ndili ndi DMZ yogwira ntchito yogwiritsidwa ntchito pa intaneti. Seva iyi idakonzedwa moyenera kuti madoko onse atetezedwe ndi chowotcha moto chomwe zida zomwe zilipo ndipo ntchito zokhazokha zogwirira ntchito zake ndizomwe zimagwira kuti zina zonse zisapezeke.

Momwe mungatsegulire madoko onse poyambitsa DMZ kuchokera pa PC

Chingwe cha RJ45

Tikadziwa bwino kuti DMZ ndi chiyani komanso kuti tichitire chiyani, tidzayamba kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi, makamaka, tiyenera kudziwa rauta pachipataNthawi zambiri, pokhapokha zitasinthidwa, kulumikizidwa ndi rauta yathu, kudzera pa chingwe, WiFi ngakhale bulutufi, timangofunika kutsegula msakatuli ndikulemba http: // 192.168.1.1/, izi zitifikitsa patsamba lomwe Tifunseni dzina lathu lachinsinsi la woyang'anira rauta, aliyense kutengera kampani yomwe tapanga nawo mwayi wofanana.

Tikakhala ndi chidziwitso chonsechi ndikupezeka pawebusayiti ya rauta yathu tibwerera ku kompyuta ndikuyamba malo, kuchokera ku Linux iyi ndi ntchito yosavuta ngakhale, kuchokera pa Windows, sinjira yodziwika chifukwa tiyenera kusuntha kuyamba, kuthamanga ndi pawindo ili kuyika CMD kuti mutsegule Operating System Command Prompt (pankhani ya Windows 10 lembani CMD mu bokosi la Cortana). Tikadzatsegula njirayi tiyenera kungolemba ipconfig kuti tidziwe IP ya makina omwe talumikizidwa, ngati tikugwiritsa ntchito njira ina yomwe si Windows yomwe tidzagwiritse ntchito ifconfig.

Tikadziwa IP ya chida chathu, zonse tiyenera kuchita ndikubwerera ku kasinthidwe kake ka rauta yathu ndi pezani njira ya DMZM'mayendedwe ambiri njirayi imapezeka ngati submenu mkati mwa Masewera, NAT kapena njira yofananira kotero kuti tizingoyika kuchititsa kwa DMZ kukhala yogwira ndikuwonetsa IP yomwe idapezedwa kale. Pakadali pano tikanangokhala nawo sungani zosintha.

Momwe mungayambitsire Woyang'anira wa DMZ pa PS4 ndi XBOX kuti mugwirizane bwino

ps4

Monga PC Ndikofunikira kwambiri kupereka IP yokhazikika ku PS4 yathu ndipo chifukwa cha ichi tiyenera kupita kusankha Zikhazikiko -> Network -> Konzani kulumikizidwa kwa intaneti -> timasankha njira yolumikizira (WiFi kapena chingwe) -> Makonda -> Buku. Pazenera ili, ndipomwe timayenera kukonza, monga pa PC, minda yonse popeza ndiyofunikira pakugwiritsa ntchito netiweki.

Minda yonse ikadzaza, dinani pa Next. Pazenera ili ndikofunikira siyani MTU pa Makinawa. M'chigawo chino, ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri azindikira kuti pali vuto polowa mu PSN, imodzi mwanjira zothetsera vutoli ndikusintha MTU kuti ikhale manual ndikulowetsa 1473.

Tikakhazikitsa MTU, ndiye kuti tidzakulowereni, panthawiyi ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri sangagwiritse ntchito mwachindunji, chifukwa chake chinthu chofunikira kwambiri ndikusankha 'Osagwiritsa ntchito', ngati mutakhala ndi proxy yokonzedwa, muyenera kusankha njira'Gwiritsani ntchito'ndikupitilira kasinthidwe kake.

Pakadali pano tikadangokhala, monga gawo lakale, tikukonzekera wolandila wa DMZ akuwonetsa IP adilesi yathu. Mwachidule, ndikuuzeni kuti njira zokhazikitsira china chilichonse chogwiritsa ntchito DMZ, monga XBOX ya Microsoft, ndi chimodzimodzi.

wofiira

Mosakayikira, iyi ikhoza kukhala imodzi mwanjira zabwino kwambiri zothetsera mavuto athu onse, makamaka ngati mumachita masewera olimbitsa thupi komanso muli ndi mavuto NAT (Network Address Translation), limodzi mwamavuto obwerezabwereza tikamasewera pa intaneti ndipo zomwe zimakhudzana kwambiri ndikuti ma adilesi onse a IP a IPv4 protocol adatha, chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe kwakhala kofunikira kukhazikitsa IPv6 yatsopano ndikuti, pakadali pano, padzatenga nthawi kuti ichitike.

Ndisanatsanzane ndikufuna kuyankha m'njira yosavuta patsamba lino, ngakhale mutuwu ndiwotsimikizika kuti umatchulanso zambiri, kuti mavuto a NAT amachokera magawidwe omwe apangidwa pa intaneti m'magawo angapo amafunikira mtundu wa womasulira kuti zida zizitha kulumikizana nawo. Tili ndi vuto pomwe, mwachitsanzo, tikufuna kulumikizana ndi NAT yamtundu wa 1, NAT1 kapena NAT yotsegulidwa ku mtundu umodzi wa 2, NAT 2 kapena NAT yoyeserera popeza womasulirayo sali wofanana ndipo izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosatheka kwa ife kulumikiza ndikuwoneka zolephera zoopsa.

Pofotokozera komaliza, ingonena kuti lero kulipo mitundu itatu ya NAT:

  • NAT mtundu 1 (lotseguka): Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi sipangakhale vuto pakukhazikitsa kulumikizana pakati pa kontrakitala kapena chida ndi maseva amasewera, ndiye njira yabwino kuti zonse zigwire bwino ntchito. Kwa mtundu uwu wa NAT, dongosololi liyenera kulumikizidwa molunjika pa intaneti, mwachitsanzo pogwiritsa ntchito chingwe.
  • NAT mtundu 2 (pang'ono): Ndi njira yodziwika kwambiri yolumikizirana ndi intaneti popeza pali rauta momwemo, ngakhale pomwe mavuto amayamba kuchitika monga masewera omwe akuyenda pang'onopang'ono, simungathe kuyankhula ndi ogwiritsa ntchito ena kapena simungakhale oyang'anira masewerawo. M'dongosolo lino, chipangizochi chimalumikizana ndi intaneti kudzera pa rauta yokhala ndi madoko otseguka kapena ndi DMZ.
  • Mtundu wa NAT 3 (okhwima): Mu mtundu uwu wa NAT, titha kungokhala ndi njira yolumikizirana ndi ogwiritsa ntchito omwe ali ndi mtundu wa 1 kapena kutsegula NAT, yomwe imatha kukumana ndi mavuto popeza ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito mtundu wa 2 NAT. Kulumikizana kumachitika tikalumikiza pa intaneti kudzera pa rauta koma madoko atsekedwa.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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