Kodi GDPR ndi chiyani ndipo zimatikhudza bwanji ngati ogula?

Malinga ndi dikishonare, sikofunikira kupita ku RAE, chinsinsi ndicho "gawo lamkati kapena lakuya kwambiri m'moyo wamunthu, zomwe zimaphatikizapo momwe akumvera, moyo wabanja komanso ubale." Ndasankha kuphatikiza tanthauzo ili chifukwa zikuwoneka kuti kwakanthawi tsopano, kuyambira Facebook ndi Google sonkhanitsani deta yathu mwakufuna kwanu, tayiwala tanthauzo lake.

Lamulo latsopano la General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) lidayamba kugwira ntchito zaka ziwiri zapitazo. Kuyambira tsikulo, makampani akhala ndi nthawi yambiri yosinthira malamulo atsopano omwe akugwira ntchito ku Europe kuyambira lero pa Meyi 25, chifukwa chake sitileka kulandira maimelo omwe amatifunsa kuti Tiyeni tiwunikenso ntchito zatsopano ngati tikufuna kupitiliza kuzigwiritsa ntchito.

Chiyambi cha lamulo latsopanoli

Makampani ambiri, ngati si onse, ali ku United States, komwe mawu achinsinsi amawoneka kuti anasowa mu mtanthauzira mawu zaka zingapo zapitazo. Komabe, ku European Union, yomwe ikuwoneka kuti ili ndi nkhondo yolimbana ndi makampani opanga ukadaulo (omwe mwangozi amakhala aku America) nthawi zonse imakhala yofunika kwambiri pateremu.

Lamulo latsopanoli limabadwa popemphedwa, mwa zina, ndi makampani aukadaulo, popeza dziko lililonse lomwe limapereka chithandizo chake lili ndi malamulo osiyanasiyana. Ndi GDPR yatsopano, makampani onse omwe amapereka ntchito ku European Union ayenera kutengera lamulolo ngati sakufuna kulandira zilango zolemetsa.

Izi sizitanthauza kuti dziko lililonse silingatero pangani fayilo yanu ya zolumikiza kwa lamulo latsopanoli, cholumikizira chomwe chitha kungokwaniritsa kapena kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane, lamuloli, silikutsutsana nalo kapena kuletsa kugwira kwake.

Kodi GDPR ndi chiyani?

Malangizo oyamba aku Europe oteteza deta pamaulumikizidwe amagetsi adayamba zaka zapakati pa 90s, pomwe zaka za digito zomwe tidayamba zayamba. Kusintha kwa mawuwo kunkafunika kuti kuletsa kugwiritsa ntchito ndi kupeza zambiri makampani omwe amatha kusonkhanitsa kuchokera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito.

Pakapita zaka, malamulowa, omwe sanaphatikizidwe pamodzi, atha ntchito, zomwe zalola makampani ambiri kuchita zomwe akufuna ndi deta yathu, kusiya machitidwe kumbuyo kuti apindule kwambiri.

GDPR idabadwa kuti ogwiritsa ntchito akhale nayo kuwongolera kwakukulu pazambiri zanu zoperekedwa kapena kusonkhanitsidwa ndi makampani, kuti mwanjira iyi, sitingangowapeza mwachangu komanso mosavuta, komanso kuti tithe kuwachotsa nthawi iliyonse yomwe angafune (oyenera kuiwalika) ndikuwateteza kuti asapitirize kufalitsa zidziwitso zathu.

Kuphatikiza apo, lamulo latsopanoli limapindulitsanso makampani, chifukwa amawalola kuti azipereka ntchito zawo mu chilengedwe chowonekera kwambiri ndipo potero athe kuyambiranso chidaliro chomwe adapeza m'zaka zaposachedwa.

Lamulo latsopanoli zimakhudza makampani ndi mabungwe chimodzimodzi omwe amasonkhanitsa ndikugwiritsa ntchito zidziwitso zaumwini za nzika za European Union, kuti kampani iliyonse yomwe ikufuna kupereka ntchito mdera la Europe, isachitire mwina koma kutsatira GDPR. Makampani ena ndi ofunsira akukakamizidwa kulengeza kuti asiya kupereka ntchito ku European Union, ponena kuti sangathe kuzichita (osatchula zifukwa zake).

Zilango zosagwirizana ndi GDPR yatsopano

Ndi lamulo latsopanoli, zilango zophwanya GDPR zitha kufikira € 20 miliyoni kapena 4% yamakampani pachaka. Koma si okhawo, popeza kutengera kukula kwa cholakwikacho, zilango za 2% zopeza zonse pachaka zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Vuto ndiloti chindapusa ndizosintha pang'ono pamakampani akulu monga Facebook, mwachitsanzo, omwe amapanga ndalama zochuluka kugulitsa zidziwitso zathu kuposa kuyesa kutsatira izi. Kuti tidziwe kufunika kwa GDPR pamakampani apaintaneti, tiyenera kungowona momwe zilili ku United States, chifukwa chake dziko lonselo lomwe kampani ya Mark Zuckerberg imapereka chithandizo ndi Facebook, kampaniyo silingaganize Kusintha miyezo yantchito kwa ofanana ndi a European Union.

Kodi GDPR imandikhudza bwanji?

Wolowa mokuba intaneti

Lamulo latsopanoli limatipatsa ufulu wa digito, chinthu chomwe mpaka pano tinalibe. Ufuluwu umatilola kudziwa nthawi zonse zomwe makampani amachita ndi deta yathu. Zambiri zomwe kampaniyo imasonkhanitsa kapena zomwe ili nazo kale zokhudza ife, ndi zathu, osati zawo, kotero titha kuzichotsa nthawi iliyonse yomwe tafuna kapena tikufuna kutero.

Zonse pansi pa zaka 16 ali ndi vuto lalikulu ndi lamuloli, chifukwa palibe nthawi iliyonse yomwe angavomereze kuti deta yawo ichitike mogwirizana, koma ayenera kuchita izi moyang'aniridwa ndi makolo kapena omwe amawasamalira.

Chachilendo china cha lamulo latsopanoli ndikuti pamapeto pake tidzatha kuwerenga momwe zinthu ziliri popanda kungodina maulalo chikwi (monga Facebook adachitira) kuphatikiza posamvetsetsa theka la zomwe zachitika. Migwirizano yantchito iyenera akuwonetsedwa m'njira yomveka komanso yosavuta kupeza.

Gawo lomwe limakopa chidwi cha lamuloli, timachipeza mu kunyamula: ufulu wokhala ndi chidziwitso chololera zambiri za iye, zomwe adapereka kale mu "mawonekedwe omwe anthu amagwiritsa ntchito komanso omwe angawerengeke pamakina" ndipo ali ndi ufulu wofalitsa zinthuzo kwina.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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