Nzeru zopanga zimabwera pakupanga mankhwala atsopano

mankhwala osokoneza bongo

Mpaka lero lankhulani za nzeru zamakono ndikuchita izi, mosakayikira, pamutu umodzi womwe umapezeka mobwerezabwereza padziko lonse lapansi wa mapulogalamu ndi zomangamanga, osati pachabe pafupifupi mayunivesite onse ndi malo ofufuzira ndi chitukuko ali ndi akatswiri omwe akugwira ntchitoyi, osanenapo kuti, ndife kuyankhula za lero kungakhale imodzi mwa ntchito zolipira kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pamakompyuta.

Kupatula zonsezi, chowonadi ndichakuti pang'ono ndi pang'ono mutu wanzeru zakudzipangitsa umadzipangitsa kukhala pafupifupi m'magulu onse okhudzana, mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsa ntchito kompyuta, intaneti kapena malo ochezera a pa Intaneti, kungotchulapo ena mwa magawo omwe Zikuwoneka kuti wogwiritsa ntchito aliyense, ngakhale nthawi zina osadziwa ngakhale izi, amagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yamtunduwu. Pakadali pano, ziyenera kudziwika kuti sikuti m'magawo awa okha mumangokhala nzeru zakuchita koma pang'onopang'ono zikupita patsogolo m'malo ena asayansi monga, pankhaniyi, chitukuko cha mankhwala atsopano.


nzeru zamakono

Gulu lochokera ku MIT latha kupanga mapulogalamu omwe amatha kupanga mankhwala atsopano

Limodzi mwamavuto akulu omwe akukumana nawo pankhani yazachipatala, ngati angatchulidwe choncho, ndikuti kupanga ma molekyulu atsopano ndikofunikira, china chake chofunikira popanga mankhwala atsopano, ikuchitika pamanja. Njira yomwe modabwitsa ndichofanana ndikupanga mankhwala atsopano komanso kusinthika kwa komwe kulipo kuti kachulukidwe kake.

Kwenikweni, ndipo popanda kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane, zomwe akatswiri amadzimadzi amachita pamtunduwu ndikusankha molekyu yomwe imadziwika kuti imatha kulimbana ndi matenda enaake. Zosintha zingapo pamanja zimachitika pa molekyulu yomwe yasankhidwa kale kuti ikwaniritse zotsatira zake. Zachisoni Ntchitoyi nthawi zambiri imatenga amisala omwe amatenga nthawi yayitali chifukwa, pambuyo pa ntchito yonseyi, osapeza zotsatira zomwe akuyembekezeredwa.

umagwirira

Pulogalamuyi itha kupulumutsa ntchito yambiri kwa akatswiri azamankhwala omwe akukhudzidwa ndikupanga mankhwala atsopano.

Monga mukuwonera, mpaka pano ntchito ya katswiri wamagetsi popanga mankhwala atsopano inali ntchito yomwe ingakhale yokhumudwitsa, mpaka pano. Ndikunena izi kuyambira Laboratory of Computer Science ndi Artificial Intelligence pogwira ntchito limodzi ndi department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, onsewa ndi a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) adakwanitsa kupanga mapulogalamu omwe amatha kupanga makina ogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala pogwiritsa ntchito makina ophunzirira.

Pazoyesa zoyambirira zomwe zidachitika ndi pulogalamu yatsopanoyi, yotha sankhani mamolekyu kuthekera kothana ndi matenda ena kutengera zomwe mankhwalawa amafunikira sintha mamolekyulu Zomwezo kuti zitheke bwino kwambiri ndikukhala ndi mphamvu zamagetsi.

M'mawu a Rob Matheson, MIT dokotala:

Mtunduwo umangotenga zomwe zimapangidwa ndi ma molekyulu ndikupanga ma graph a mamolekyulu: ziwonetsero zazomwe zimapangidwa ndi ma molekyulu, zokhala ndi ma node omwe amayimira maatomu ndi m'mbali mwake zomwe zikuyimira kulumikizana. Mumagawa ma grafuwo m'magulu ang'onoang'ono a magulu ogwira ntchito omwe mumagwiritsa ntchito ngati 'zomangira' zomwe zimakuthandizani kumanganso molondola ndikusintha mamolekyulu.

ndi

Pali miyezi yambiri yogwira kuti pulogalamuyi igwire ntchito popanda vuto lililonse

Gawo loipa la ntchitoyi ndikuti ndi ntchito yomwe idakali ndi chitukuko patsogolo pake. Ngakhale zili choncho, chodabwitsa ndichakuti pulogalamu yatsopanoyi yakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino kwambiri kuposa machitidwe ena omwe adapangidwa kuti azitha kupanga kapangidwe ka mankhwala, popeza mamolekyulu onse omwe adapangidwa poyeserera anali othandiza, pomwe mitundu ina yovomerezeka, khalani ndi chiwongola dzanja cha 43%.

Malinga ndi mawu a Wengong jin, Wophunzira PhD ku MIT's Laboratory of Computer Science ndi Artificial Intelligence:

Cholinga cha izi chinali kusintha njira yosasintha yaumunthu pakupanga mamolekyulu kuti ichitike mwachangu ndikuwonetsetsa kuti mamolekyulu omwe tidapanga ndi olondola.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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