International Space Station imagwiritsa ntchito satellite yake yoyamba kuyeretsa mozungulira

International Space Station

Aka si koyamba kuti anthu akambirane za zinyalala zambiri zomwe zikuzungulira Dziko Lapansi. Izi ndizochuluka zomwe nthawi ndi nthawi, kaya kuchokera ku NASA kapena mabungwe ena amlengalenga mpaka makampani wamba, amayambitsa mtundu wina wa projekiti komwe amafunafuna izi, kuti atolere kuchuluka kwakukulu kwa zinyalala zomwe zikuzungulira dziko lapansi.

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomaliza zomwe zawona kuwala kumalandira dzina la ChotsaniDEBRIS ndipo ili ndi mtundu wina wa satelayiti yomwe yangotumizidwa kumene kuchokera ku International Space Station yomwe ndi cholinga cholemba zinyalala zonsezi ndikubwezeretsanso ku Earth. Zisanachitike, ndikudziwitseni musanapitilize kuti ntchitoyi ndi mayeso chabe, kutanthauza kuti, njira yomwe ikufuna kuwunika momwe ma satelayiti amtunduwu amagwirira ntchito potenga ndi kuwononga zinyalala zapamlengalenga.

Patadutsa nthawi yayitali, ma satelayiti omwe amapanga ChotsaniDEBRIS adayikidwa mozungulira kuchokera ku International Space Station

Pa mulingo waluso, monga zawululidwa, tikulankhula za satellite yomwe yakhala nayo, kuyitcha mwanjira ina, a gawo lalikulu lolamulira ndi ma CubeSats angapo. Lingaliro lomwe ntchitoyi idakhazikitsidwa ndikutenga satelayiti yayikulu, yofanana mofanana ndi zinyalala zam'mlengalenga zomwe zimapezeka mozungulira dziko lapansi, ndikuzikakamiza mwanjira ina kuti zitsike mumphambano wovuta. kulowa mlengalenga. Momwe zinthu zimakhalira, izi zimatha kutenga zaka zambiri.

Pofuna kuchepetsa satellite mwanjira ina, CubeSats 1, 2, ndi 3 akhala wokhala ndi nyemba ndi khoka lonyamula zomwe zidzakhazikitsidwe kuti zigwirizane. Cholingacho chikangogwidwa ndi netiweki, ma satelayiti adzagwiritsa ntchito sitima yapamadzi yomwe pamapeto pake idzayang'anira kuchepetsa liwiro la satelayitiyo ndikupangitsa kuti igwe chifukwa cha mkangano womwe umalowa mlengalenga.

ChotsaniDEBRIS

Ntchitoyi ili ndi magawo anayi osiyanasiyana

Ntchitoyi ichitika mzigawo zinayi:

Kuyesa kwa netiweki

Poyamba dongosolo la meidante lidzayesedwa lomwe lidzafutukule buluni lomwe lidzafanizire kukhala chopanda kanthu. Kuchokera pamtunda wa pafupifupi 5 mita imodzi ya CubeSat, yokhala ndi mtundu waukonde, iyesa kuigwira kenako ndikupangitsa kuti igwere mumlengalenga.

Kuyenda kogwiritsa ntchito masomphenya

Gawo lachiwiri la ntchitoyi limakhazikitsidwa poyesa masomphenya atsopano ndi kayendedwe kake. Cholinga cha nsanjayi ndi kuyesa kuthekera kopeza zithunzi ndi zidziwitso zonse ndi kuwala kowoneka komanso mothandizidwa ndi sensa ya LIDAR potero muphunzire njira zothetsera kuyenda ndi kuyandikira zinyalala zamlengalenga.

Mayeso a Harpoon

Pambuyo pake kuyezetsa kwa supuni yolumikizidwa ndi chingwe kumayamba. Izi ziponyedwa pa mbale mpaka pamtengo womwe umachokera pa satellite yomweyo. Ngati ikwanitsa kugunda chandamale chake ndikuchikoka, kenako imayandikira pafupi.

Makandulo a Braking

Gawo lomaliza la ntchitoyi, sitima yayikulu idzayesedwa, yomwe pamapeto pake idzayang'anira kuletsa zinyalala zonse zakumlengalenga zomwe zitha kugwidwa mwanjira ina.

zopanda pake

Gawo lomaliza la ntchitoyi siliyamba, mpaka, February 2019

Ponena za momwe ntchitoyi iliri, ndikuuzeni kuti malinga ndi zomwe zanenedwa mwalamulo, zikuwoneka, ma satelayiti adafika ku International Space Station mu capsule ya Dragon 14 yomwe SpaceX idakhazikitsa Epulo watha. Tadikirira mpaka sabata ino kuti ntchitoyi iyambike ndipo pamapeto pake ma satelayiti ali m'njira. Tsoka ilo, ndipo pakadali pano, ndikuuzeni kuti tidzadikirabe miyezi ingapo kuti ntchitoyi iyambike.

Kuti tidziwe nthawi yakudikirira, kuyesa ndi ukonde kudzachitika mu Okutobala chaka chino pomwe, kuti harpoon iyendetsedwe ndikuyamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito, tiyenera kudikirira mpaka kumapeto kwa Disembala. Pankhani ya braking wing, mayeserowa sangayambe mpaka February wa chaka chamawa. Ngati zikuyenda bwino, mishoni RemoveDEBRIS itha kukhala poyambira pulojekiti ina yayikulu kwambiri kuti ayambe kuyeretsa dziko lapansi lodzaza.


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.