Mbiri yoyamba pa intaneti ndi asakatuli ake

alireza

Zaka zoposa 20 zapitazo, intaneti itatuluka, zida zogwiritsa ntchito netiweki zinali zachikale kwambiri ndipo ambiri a iwo adalipira. Potengera izi, asakatuli oyamba pa intaneti adatulukira, monga NCSA Mosaic, Netscape Navigator ndipo pambuyo pake, ndipo tsopano ndiulere, Internet Explorer ndi Mozilla Firefox

Inde, wowerenga wachichepere, ndikukuwuzani chinsinsi: Panali nthawi yomwe intaneti komanso mafoni sanapezekeko. Zachidziwikire kuti fiber yolola yomwe imakupatsani mwayi woyenda ma megabyte 100 pamphindikati kulibe. Kodi mungandikhulupirire ndikakuwuzani kuti panali nthawi yomwe kugwiritsa ntchito landline yanu ndikusaka intaneti sizotheka?

Kuchokera nthawi imeneyo tikupulumutsa tsopano asakatuli ena oyamba pa intaneti yomwe idalipo. Anali asakatuli achikale kwambiri omwe amangololeza kusakatula: osasunga zithunzi, osatsitsa mafayilo ndi mawonekedwe achikale kwambiri.

Chimodzi mwamasakatuli oyamba apa intaneti anali NCSA Mosaic. Ndi msakatuli wachiwiri wazithunzi kuti apangidwe ndikutsogolera ViolaWWW. Chinalinso msakatuli yemwe amayenera kugula kuyambira nthawi imeneyo sizinali zachizolowezi kuti asakatuli azikhala omasuka monga momwe aliri tsopano. NCSA Mosaic idatuluka mu 1993 ndipo idachitika munthawi yochepa ndi 100% yamsika. Komabe, pakubadwa kwa asakatuli ena, asakatuli pang'onopang'ono adataya gawo lawo pamsika mpaka pomwe adasowa mu 1998.

Chimodzi mwazosakatula zopeka kumayambiriro kwa intaneti chinali Mtsinje wa Netscape, pokhala woyamba kukhala multiplatform komanso mfulu kwathunthu. Mu 1995 Netscape Navigator idali ndi 90% pamsika wamsika ngakhale sinathe kuwoneka ngati Windows 95 ndikuwoneka ngati msakatuli woyamba wa Microsoft, Internet Explorer. Msakatuliyu adapangitsa kuti wina aliyense asowa pankhope ya dziko lapansi ndipo kwa zaka 10 anali ndi gawo lamsika lomwe linafika 90%.

Zaka 12 zapitazo, ndi chiyani pa intaneti nthawi yayitali, Mozilla Firefox yabwera, yomwe munthawi yochepa chifukwa cha zochitika zingapo - kuphatikiza kuloleza kusakatula kotetezeka - idapeza gawo lalikulu pamsika munthawi yochepa. Firefox idabadwa m'malo mwa Internet Explorer, pokhala msakatuli wotetezeka, gwero lotseguka komanso logwirizana ndi miyezo yonse ya intaneti.


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