Momwe mungadziwire zomwe BIOS ndili nazo

momwe mungadziwire bios

Ili ndi funso lomwe, monga ogwiritsa ntchito makompyuta, tonse tadzifunsa tokha, kapena tiyenera kudzifunsa: Kodi ndingadziwe bwanji BIOS yomwe ndili nayo? Yankho ndilofunika kuti muyang'ane njira zina monga kukonzanso ndi zina.

Mawu akuti BIOS kwenikweni amatanthauza chidule cha Basic Input System (Basic input/output system). Ichi ndi firmware yomwe imasungidwa pa bolodi la kompyuta, mu chipangizo china chokumbukira. Mosiyana ndi kukumbukira kwa RAM, sikutha mukachotsa PC, koma kumangoyambira pamagetsi aliwonse.

Ntchito yayikulu ya BIOS ndikuwuza dongosolo lomwe pulogalamu iliyonse ili mu kukumbukira kwakukulu, makamaka yomwe imalola kuyambitsa makina opangira. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndikofunikira kwambiri kuti zimagwira ntchito mwangwiro komanso popanda vuto lililonse.

yofananira ndi hard drive
Nkhani yowonjezera:
Momwe mungapangire kompyuta

Kusintha kapena kusintha BIOS ndizovuta kwambiri zomwe sizingafike kwa ogwiritsa ntchito wamba, chifukwa mawonekedwe ake ndi ovuta kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, cholakwika chilichonse chaching'ono chomwe chingachitike munjirazi chikhoza kukhala ndi zotsatira zowopsa pamakina ogwiritsira ntchito.

Komabe, Dziwani kuti BIOS ya kompyuta yathu ndi chiyani ndi zophweka. Umu ndi momwe tingadziwire kutengera mtundu wa Windows womwe timagwiritsa ntchito:

Mu Windows 11

Timayamba ndi mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri wa opaleshoni iyi. Kodi ndingadziwe bwanji BIOS ndili nayo? Pali njira ziwiri zopezera chidziwitsochi:

Pezani mukayatsa kompyuta

Ndizotheka kulowa BIOS panthawi yoyambira kompyuta, pamene chizindikiro cha wopanga chikuwonekera pazenera. Pansi pa chinsalu, makiyi kapena makiyi omwe ayenera kukanidwa ndi nthawi yomwe tiyenera kuchita nthawi zambiri amasonyezedwa.

Makiyi awa sakhala ofanana nthawi zonse, ngakhale kuti nthawi zambiri amakhala F2, Del, F4, kapena F8. Nthawi zina makiyi amawonekera pazenera mwachidule (mwachitsanzo, pamene Fast buti), popanda kutipatsa nthawi yoti tiwone yomwe ili yolondola. Mwamwayi, pali njira zina zopezera BIOS.

Pezani kuchokera pa Windows

Ikhoza kukhala njira yosavuta yolowera mu BIOS. Mukungoyenera kutsatira izi:

  1. Choyamba muyenera kulowa Windows Start menyu.
  2. Kenako muyenera dinani batani "Kuyambira".
  3. Ndiye odziwika adzaonekera pa zenera Kugona, Yambitsaninso, kapena Tsekani. Ndi pamene muyenera kutero gwirani batani la Shift ndiyeno dinani "Yambitsaninso".

Mu Windows 10

Ili ndiye mtundu wofala kwambiri masiku ano pakati pa ogwiritsa ntchito Windows. Umu ndi momwe mungadziwire zomwe BIOS ndili nayo ngati kompyuta yanga ili nayo Windows 10 yoyika:

  1. Choyamba timalemba "Zambiri zamakompyuta" mubokosi losakira pa taskbar.
  2. Pamndandanda wazotsatira zomwe zawonetsedwa, timadina "Zambiri zamakompyuta".
  3. Iwindo limatsegulidwa momwe tipita ku gawoli "Chinthu". Pamenepo mupeza zambiri za mtundu wa BIOS ndi tsiku limodzi ndi dzina la wopanga.

Pamitundu ina ya Windows

Njira yopezera chidziwitso mumitundu ina ya Windows ndizofanana: kugwiritsa ntchito Windows command console ndikutsatira izi:

  1. Kuti muyambe muyenera kutsegula zenera la Command Prompt ndikukanikiza nthawi yomweyo makiyi Windows + R.
  2. Pambuyo pa izi, a kuthamanga zenera, pamene timalemba lamulo cmd.exe ndikudina "Kuvomereza".
  3. Zenera la Command Prompt litatsegulidwa, tidzalemba zotsatirazi mmenemo: wmic bios kupata smbiosbiosversion, pambuyo pake tidzakanikiza Enter.
  4. Ndi izi, mtundu wa BIOS wamakompyuta athu udzawonekera pamzere wachiwiri wa zotsatira.

Kodi mungadziwe bwanji BIOS yomwe ndili nayo pa Mac?

Mwachidziwitso, pa Mac makompyuta palibe BIOS, ngakhale chinthu chofanana kwambiri. Pankhaniyi, ndi firmware yoletsedwa kwambiri. Kusafikika kwake ndi chitsimikizo chakuti palibe, kupatula katswiri waukatswiri, angalowe ndikuyendetsa ntchito ya chipangizocho. Chifukwa chake njira yolowera yomwe tikuwonetsa pano ndi yongophunzitsa, sitikulimbikitsa kuigwiritsa ntchito ngati sitikutsimikiza zomwe tikuchita. Masitepe ndi awa:

  1. Chinthu choyamba kuchita ndi kuzimitsa Mac wanu kwathunthu ndi kuyatsanso pambuyo masekondi angapo.
  2. Kompyuta ikayamba tiyenera kugwira makiyi Command + Option + O + F.
  3. Pambuyo pa masekondi angapo, mizere ina idzawonetsedwa pazenera momwe mungalowemo mosiyana amalamula kupanga zosintha.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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