Ndazi njani ukuba ifowuni yam inebugged?

ifowuni ecofayo
Ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi, sonke siye samkela ukuba ubumfihlo obupheleleyo liphupha lombhobho elingafumanekiyo. Ukuba ii-smartphones zethu "ziyasihlola" kwaye ngendlela ethile zirekhoda iintshukumo zethu kwi-Intanethi. Nangona kunjalo, kwaye sithethe ngokunzulu, kukho ezinye izoyikiso eziyingozi ngakumbi ekufuneka zisikhathaze ngakumbi: Ndazi njani ukuba ifowuni yam inebugged?

Lo mcimbi uye waba sefashonini kwakhona kwilizwe lethu ngenxa yehlazo Pegasus, ethatha igama layo kwisoftware ephucukileyo esetyenziselwa ukuhlola iiselfowuni zamanani ahlukeneyo kwezopolitiko zaseSpain. Kubonakala ngathi sonke sibhencekile, kodwa kukho iindlela zokuzikhusela kwaye uphephe imingcipheko.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Isikhewu kuthungelwano lwe-3G kunye ne-4G sisivumela ukuba sihlolelwe

Mhlawumbi ucinga ukuba ukhuselekile kwezi ntlobo zezoyikiso. “Ngubani oza kundihlola?” singacinga, "Andibalulekanga kangako." Nangona kunjalo, kangangoko singafuni, kuyasichaphazela nathi, ekubeni izoyikiso zininzi kwaye zahlukene kakhulu. Baninzi abangathanda ukucofa ifowuni yethu kwaye bafumane lonke ulwazi: iqabane elinomsindo elifuna ukuziphindezela, i-hacker efuna ukukhupha iakhawunti yethu yebhanki okanye intatheli enomdla (ukuba besingumntu onoluntu oluthile. iprofayile). Bonke banokumamela iifowuni zethu, okanye ukufunda nokuthumela imiyalezo kunye nee-imeyile.

Ngaphandle kokuwela kwi-paranoia, kulula ukuba uphulaphule kwaye ukwazi ukubamba iimpawu ezisixelela ukuba kukho into engahambi kakuhle. Ndazi njani ukuba ifowuni yam inebugged? Zezi imikhondo. Ngamnye kubo kufuneka bangasikhathazi, kodwa xa ezimbalwa zazo zidibana. Iimpawu ezintlanu ekufuneka zisilumkise:

Iingxaki zebhetri

ibhetri ye-smartphone

Uphawu lokuqala lwe-alam: ibhetri iyatshisa kwaye ikhupha ngokukhawuleza. Kwiimeko ezininzi ezi zinto zenzeka ngokucaciswa ngokugqibeleleyo kwaye akukho zizathu zikrokrisayo: ibhetri iyaphela ngokuhamba kwexesha kwaye ukunyamezela kwayo kuncinci.

Ngamanye amaxesha, ibhetri iyatshisa kwaye ihlupheke xa sisebenzisa izicelo ezininzi ngexesha elinye, okanye xa sichitha ixesha elininzi sibukela iividiyo, sidlala imidlalo okanye siphulaphule iipodcasts, umzekelo. Nangona kunjalo, ibhetri eshushu kakhulu inokuba luphawu lokucofa ucingo. Isaziso sokuba ispyware esikhohlakeleyo sinokuba sisebenza ngasemva.

Ukuphelisa ukurhanelwa kwaye uhlale uzolile, akulimazi ukujonga ifowuni yethu: jonga ukuba zeziphi iinkqubo esizisebenzisileyo kunye nokuba ziyichaphazela njani ibhetri. Ayisiyonto iqhelekileyo ukuba singasebenzisi i-smartphone kwaye sihlala siphelelwa yibhetri. Kufuneka sikhuphe nezinye izizathu zokuba kutheni ifowuni yethu ishushu kakhulu: Ngaba siyishiye ixesha elide elangeni? Ngaba sele sisebenzisa ii-apps ezininzi?

Ukusetyenziswa ngokugqithisileyo kwedatha yeselula

idatha yeselula

Ndazi njani ukuba ifowuni yam inebugged? Olunye uphawu olubonakalisayo kukunyuka ngokungafanelekanga kokusetyenziswa kwedatha yeselula. Izicelo ze spyware ezichwechwela kwii-smartphones zethu zihlala zisebenzisa inani elikhulu ledatha. Akukho buhlungu ukujonga i-invoyisi kwaye wenze iitshekhi ezifanelekileyo.

Ukuba ufumanisa ukuba inani ledatha esetyenzisiweyo liye landa kakhulu kwaye ngaphandle kwengcaciso, kufuneka ufumanise ukuba kutheni. Ukuba asizifumani, lixesha lokuba siqalise ukuxhalaba: i-malware isenokuba isebenzisa idatha yethu ukuthumela ulwazi oluqokelelweyo kumthombo wangaphandle.

Iimpazamo zokusebenza

ukusebenza mobile

Ngenxa yezizathu ezifanayo ezichazwe kwicandelo elingaphambili, kuyacaca ukuba ukufumanisa oko okukhona idata isetyenziswa, kokukhona isixhobo sethu siya kusebenza kancinci. Olunye uphawu: i-malware inokukhohlisa i-smartphone yakho ukuba ikhuphele uhlaziyo lwenkqubo yobuxoki kwaye iphele ilawula ngokupheleleyo wonke umsebenzi wakho.

Xa ulwazi oluninzi lugqithiselwa ukusuka kwifowuni yethu ukuya kumamkeli wangaphandle, umsebenzi jikelele uya kucotha. Kakade ke, oku kunokuba luphawu lweklasikhi ukuba ifowuni yethu sele indala, ukuba akukho nto ingaqhelekanga emva kwayo. Kodwa, kwelinye icala, le ngcinga inokuba sesona sikrini sifanelekileyo somsi we-cybercriminal ukwenza ngaphandle kokuba siqaphele.

Indlela elungileyo yokukhanyisa kulo mba khangela ukuba zeziphi izicelo ezidla eyona RAM. Nantsi indlela esinokwazi ngayo:

  • Kwi-iOS, siya kwi Useto> Ngokubanzi> iPhone Ugcino.
  • Kwi-Android, indlela yi Useto > Ii-aplikeshini > Ibaleka.

imiyalezo ekrokrisayo

ifowuni egqobhoziweyo

I-Spyware nayo ineziphene zayo. Ngamanye amaxesha, kwanele ukuba ube neliso elibukhali ukwazi ukuba zibhaqwa njani. Ezi mpazamo zizibonakalisa ngendlela yemiyalezo yeSMS ekrokrisayo enokuthi iquke imitya ebonakala ngathi ayinamkhethe kwaye ayinangqondo yamanani, abalinganiswa kunye neesimboli.

Ubukho bale miyalezo ebonakala ingenabungozi kwaye ingaqondakali ubungqina bokuba isoftware ye-spyware ayifakwanga ngokuchanekileyo. Ukuba kunjalo, imiyalezo engaqhelekanga iya kuvela. Le yimiyalelo ethunyelwe kwiiseva ezisetyenziswa ngabagebenga ukuze "bug" iifowuni zethu kwaye zivele ngequbuliso phambi kwamehlo ethu ngaphandle kwesizathu.

Olunye uphawu olufanele ukusibeka elumkeleni kukuba abafowunelwa bethu bafumana imiyalezo evela kuthi esingayithumelanga.

Imbonakalo eyahlukileyo yewebhusayithi

imiqondiso yefowuni ecofayo

Ekugqibeleni, enye yeempawu ezicacileyo ezinokubonisa ukuba ifowuni icofa okanye igqekeziwe: i inkangeleko yewebhusayithi ukuba sihlala sinenkangeleko eyahlukileyo.

Kutheni kusenzeka oku? I-Malware isebenza njenge-proxy, ithintela unxibelelwano phakathi kwethu kunye neendawo esizama ukuzindwendwela. Inokuba sibona iphepha lobuxoki. Emva koko siyakube sichwetheza amagama ethu omsebenzisi, amagama ayimfihlo kunye nolunye ulwazi olubuthathaka kwimbono epheleleyo yeentlola. Kwaye oku kuyenzeka nokuba sisebenzisa imowudi yokukhangela yabucala (ngelishwa, igama elithi "yabucala" alisoloko lithetha-thethana "nokhuseleko").

Ekuqaleni, sisenokungaboni mahluko. Ngamanye amaxesha imalunga utshintsho oluncinci, oluphantse lungabonakali, njengeelogo zepixelated. Isenokuba yi-alam yobuxoki (umzekelo, iwebhusayithi iqhuba utshintsho okanye umsebenzi wokulungisa). Indlela elungileyo yokufumanisa kukuthelekisa inguqulelo yeselula naleyo iboniswe kwiPC.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.