Ukwakhiwa kuqala kutheleskopu eyi- $ 1.000 billion

isibonakude

Sekuyisikhathi impela kukhonjisiwe lokho, yize kuneqiniso lokuthi izimali zingaba nesiteleka njengalezo ezisihlanganisa namuhla, Iqiniso ukuthi imiphumela etholakele emhlabeni wezinkanyezi isisiza kakhulu ukuthi sazi isikhala esisizungeze kangcono kakhulu, ikakhulukazi esikhathini esimaphakathi nesikhathi eside, ukuqonda isikhathi eside sonke isikhathi ukuthi isibonakude esinjengalesi singasebenza .

Ngaphandle kwakho konke lokhu, iqiniso ukuthi umhlaba wezinkanyezi usenhlanhleni njengoba ekugcineni sekuqalile ukwakhiwa kwalowo obhabhadiswe njengo Isibonakude iGiant Magellan, ithuluzi elizokuba likhulu futhi libe namandla amakhulu emhlabeni uma lisungulwe ngaphambilini 2024. Leli thuluzi, njengoba kumenyezelwe yizazi eziningi zezinkanyezi, lizovumela ochwepheshe ukuthi bafunde indawo yonke yasendulo futhi babheke izimpawu zokuphila kwangaphandle komhlaba.

isibonakude siyasebenza

Kulindeleke ukuthi, uma kungekho ukubambezeleka kuphrojekthi, kuvulwe iTelescope yeGiant Magellan ngo-2024

Ukungena emininingwaneni ethe xaxa, njengoba kwaqinisekiswa ngaleso sikhathi, lesi sibonakude esikhulu futhi esinamandla sizokwakhiwa ngaphakathi kwezinsiza ze I-Las Campanas Observatory, isakhiwo esisehlane lase-Atacama (eChile). Ngalokhu, iphrojekthi yokwakha kuye kwadingeka ukuthi yakhelwe ngokuya ngethuluzi elinjalo, elizogcina lithathe into isisindo sayo sokugcina esizokuba ngaphezu kwamathani ayi-900, isisindo esiholele ekutheni abasebenzi kumele babhoboze umgodi. amamitha ajulile edwaleni lokulala.

Njengomunye wababhekele ukwakhiwa kweGiant Magellan Telescope uphawule ngokusemthethweni:

Ukufeza le phrojekthi, kuzodingeka ukuthi kwakhiwe isakhiwo sensimbi sethelescopic isisindo sayo esizocishe sibe ngamathani ayi-1.000 22. Lesi sakhiwo sizobekwa ngaphakathi kwendawo ebiyelwe ezokala izitezi ezingama-56 ukuphakama namamitha angama-XNUMX ububanzi.

GMT

I-Giant Magellan Telescope izoba ngobukhulu futhi enamandla amakhulu emhlabeni

Ngokuphathelene nokwakhiwa kwayo, ukusiza izazi zezinkanyezi ukutadisha indawo yonke, isibonakude esisha sesimanje senziwe nge izibuko eziyisikhombisa ububanzi ngamamitha ayi-8 nengxenye, ngasinye sinesisindo esisondele kakhulu kumathani angama-20 Umsebenzi ohlanganyelwe wazo zonke lezi zibuko uzohlinzeka ngendawo yokuqoqa elula cishe elingana nenkundla yebhasikidi.

Ngaphezu kwalokhu okungenhla, isibonakude futhi ngizoba 'yokukhanya eziguquguqukayo' ngokususelwa ekusetshenzisweni kohlelo lwe-laser okuzolinganiswa ngalo ukuphazamiseka okubangelwe wumoya womhlaba uqobo. Leli thuluzi lizolungisa lokho kuphazamiseka futhi likhiqize izithombe ezibukhali, ezicacile. Kususelwa kulokho okushicilelwe kufayela le- ikhasi lewebhu kwephrojekthi:

Izibuko ze-Giant Magellan Telescope zizoqoqa ukukhanya okukhulu kunanoma isiphi esinye isibonakude esake sakhiwa eMhlabeni futhi isinqumo sizoba ngcono kakhulu kuze kube manje.

Uma lokhu sikubeka ngomqondo okwesikhashana, lesi silinganiso sikhombisa ukuthi izithombe ezithathwe yilesi sibonakude zizoba njalo kucace kakhulukazi izikhathi eziyishumi kunalezo ezinikezwa yiHubble Space Telescope kusuka ku-NASA.

UMagellan

Leli kuzoba elinye lamathuluzi azosisiza ukuthi sazi ukuthi sisodwa noma cha endaweni yonke

Umqondo wokwakhiwa kwesibonakude salezi zici ukuthuthukisa ithuluzi elinamandla inhloso yalo ukusiza ekutadisheni imithala esemkhathini ojulile, yize ingadlala indima enkulu ekwakheni umbuzo wokuthi ngabe impilo eMhlabeni yedwa endaweni yonke noma cha.

Ngale ndlela, iGiant Magellan Telescope kufanele ilandele indlela efana naleyo kaKASA Kepler we-NASA, nokuyilapho okutholakale khona izinkulungwane zama-exoplanet amasha. Umehluko phakathi kwalaba bobabili utholakala ezitatimendeni ezenziwe ngu UPatrick McCarthy, umholi wephrojekthi:

Njengoba iplanethi idlula phambi kwenkanyezi yayo, isibonakude esikhulu emhlabathini, njengeGiant Magellan Telescope, singasebenzisa uthotho ukucinga iminwe yama-molecule asemkhathini weplanethi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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