IHadron Collider isanda kusheshisa ama-athomu ayo wokuqala e-hydrogen

UHadron Collider

Okwamanje uyakwazi impela ukuthi sikhuluma ngani lapho sicaphuna i- IHadron Collider enkulu, i-accelerator ne-collider ye-particle etholakala ngaphakathi kwezinsiza ze- CERN o Inhlangano yaseYurophu Yezocwaningo LweNyukliya. Isakhiwo esake senzelwe ukushayisana nemishayo yama-hadron ukuhlola ukusebenza nemikhawulo ye-Standard Model of Physics.

Ukuze kwenziwe lo msebenzi ngaleso sikhathi, kwakhiwa izikhungo ezisazona ezinkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni namuhla. Ukuze sikwazi ukuthola umbono ongcono kakhulu, phawula ukuthi yakhiwe ngaphakathi kwe- umhubhe wamakhilomitha angama-27 ububanzi futhi kuye, kuze kube namuhla, bangaphezu kuka-2000 ososayensi abavela emazweni ahlukene angama-34 abasebenza ngenkathi amakhulu amanyuvesi ahlukene namalabhorethri avela emhlabeni wonke esebenzela ukwakhiwa kwawo.


i-collider

IHadron Collider ingenye yezobuchwepheshe ezisiza umuntu ukuba aqonde kakhulu imvelo yakhe

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, uma sikhuluma ngeHadron Collider sikhuluma ngobuchwepheshe okuthi, yize buvula iminyango emisha ekuqondeni kwabantu, iqiniso ukuthi nalo linezithunzi zalo. Ngaphandle kokungena ngokujulile kokungenzeka uma kukhona ingxenye yohlaka lwayo ehluleka ngesikhathi sokuhlolwa, ikutshele lokho kokunye kokulungiswa kwayo kokugcina kuthathe isikhathi esingaphezulu kweminyaka emibili ukuyithola isebenza futhi.

Ngaphandle kwakho konke lokhu, kufanele kushiwo ukuthi ngqo kulesi sakhiwo esikweleta, isibonelo ngo-2012 kwatholwa iHiggs Boson Futhi, kusukela ngalolo suku, ososayensi bezemvelo bakwazile ukufunda ngezinhlayiya eziningi ezingajwayelekile ze-subatomic, futhi futhi isebenze ngokwethembeka enye yezinhloso zayo, leyo yokusiza ukuqinisekisa umkhawulo weqiniso.

Akungabazeki ukuthi sibhekene nesakhiwo isintu esikweleta kakhulu kuso, kodwa, ngemuva kweminyaka eyishumi yokuhlola, lesi yisikhathi sokuqala lapho abacwaningi nososayensi abasebenza endlunkulu bengalokothi bajoje kuphela i-nuclei ye-athomu emshinini, kodwa futhi bahola ama-athomu aqukethe i-electron eyodwa.

Indawo ye-CERN

I-CERN ingaguqula i-Hadron Collider ibe yimboni ye-gamma ray

Ukucacisa injongo yokuhlolwa, labo ababhekele i-CERN bamemezele ukuthi lokhu kube wubufakazi bomqondo okuhloswe ngawo ukuhlola umqondo omusha obizwa ngokuthi Ifektri yeGamma, okuhloswe ngalo ukuguqula iHadron Collider ibe yimboni ye-gamma ray ekwaziyo ukukhiqiza izinhlayiya ezinkulu ngisho nezinhlobo ezintsha zezinto.

Ngamazwi ka UMichaela Schaumann, unjiniyela osebenza noHadron Collider namuhla:

Siphenya imibono emisha yokuthi singalukhulisa kanjani uhlelo lwamanje locwaningo lwe-CERN nengqalasizinda. Ukuthola ukuthi yini okungenzeka kuyisinyathelo sokuqala.

Ngokuphikisana nalokho ongakucabanga, lolu hlobo lokuhlola aluyona into entsha eCERN kusukela ngokoqobo minyaka yonke, ngaphambi nje kokuphela kobusika minyaka yonke, abacwaningi bazama futhi bashintshanise ukushayisana kwama-proton ngesakhi senhliziyo se-athomu. Okusha ukuthi kulokhu abazamile yikho colisoinate wonke ama-athomu.

Isizathu sokuthi ososayensi abakaze balwenze lolu vivinyo siyinto elula njengokuthi ama-athomu aholayo anamahloni futhi kulula kakhulu ukukhipha ngengozi i-electron ekugcineni egcina idale ukuthi i-nucleus ishayane nodonga lwe-ray tube.

Ngokusho UMichaela Schaumann:

Uma izinhlayiya eziningi kakhulu zishiya inkambo, iHadron Collider ithulula umuthi ngokuzenzakalela njengoba into yethu ephambili ukuvikela ukwakheka kwayo.

Ekubikezeleni siphetha ngokuthi ubude balolu hlobo olukhethekile lwesigxobo ngaphakathi kweHadron Collider kungaba okungenani amahora ayi-15. Ngalo mqondo, samangala lapho sithola ukuthi isikhathi sokusebenziseka singafika emahoreni angama-40. Manje umbuzo ngukuthi singakwazi yini ukugcina impilo efanayo yemishayo ngokuqina okuphezulu ngokwengeza ukucushwa kwe-collider, ebisalungiselelwe ukuthi isetshenziswe nama-proton.

ukulungiswa kwe-collider

Abaphenyi bafuna ukusetshenziswa okusha kweHadron Collider

Uma kufika isikhathi sokuba abacwaningi basebenzise kahle le mishayo yama-athomu, isinyathelo esilandelayo kungaba ukudubula ama-athomu ajikelezayo nge-laser ukwenza i-electron igxumele ezingeni eliphakeme lamandla. Ngaphakathi kweHadron Collider, i-athomu ibizohamba ngejubane eliseduze kakhulu nelokukhanya, yenze amandla enhlayiyana aphakame ngokumangazayo, kanti ngasikhathi sinye icindezela ubude bomkhathi. Lokhu kuzokwenza yaphenduka i-gamma ray.

Lapho imisebe ye-gamma isinamandla anele, ibizoba namandla okukhiqiza izinhlayiya ezinjenge-quarks, ama-electron ngisho nama-muons, ingasaphathwa eyokuthi, lapho isikhathi sifika, zingaba izinhlayiya ezinkulu futhi okungenzeka zibe zintsha. indaba emnyama.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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