Kutholwe amaminerali angaphandle komhlaba wobulukhuni obedlulele

amaminerali

Njengoba besho 'Impilo igcwele isimanga'futhi kulokhu kufanele sikhulume ngokutholwa okungalindelekile nokumangazayo. Ukuzibeka esimweni kancane futhi sibe ngcono emcabangweni, sikutshele ukuthi lokhu impahla yangaphandle lokho okusanda kutholakala, okugqama ubunzima bayo obukhulu, kwatholakala eMhlabeni ngengozi.

Ukungena emininingwaneni ethe xaxa, njengoba kubikwe ngokusemthethweni yimithombo ehlukene, ngokusobala ukutholakala kwayo kube ngengozi njengeqiniso lokuthi inkampani ebhekele ukumba izimayini, ibuyele emuva 2015, ngenkathi ihlola i- Umfula i-Uakit (Russia) ithole isicucu samaminerali, ngoba ochwepheshe baso abakwazanga ukuthola ukuthi sakhiwe kanjani, sathunyelwa ukuyohlolwa, sikholelwa ukuthi kungaba igolide.

Bayala ukuthi amaminerali angaphandle ahlaziywe bakholelwa ukuthi bathole igolide

Njengoba kungenzeka ucabanga ngenxa yesihloko salokhu okuthunyelwe, umnikazi wenkampani othole isiqeshana emfuleni kudingeke ukuthi adumale kakhulu ngoba bekukude negolide. Kwelinye icala, sithola izazi zokwakheka komhlaba kanye nochwepheshe kulolu hlobo lwezinto zokwakha abacikica izandla zabo ngokoqobo lapho beqinisekisa ukuthi lokho ababenakho ngaphambi kwabo futhi ababekufunda kwakungeyona enye into ngaphandle kwedwala le-meteorite futhi, mhlawumbe ingxenye ethakazelisa kunazo zonke ukuthi, ukwakheka kwayo kwakungaziwa nhlobo.

Kuleli qophelo, kufanele sinake lokho esikushilo ekuqaleni kwalokhu okuthunyelwe nokuthi lokho kutholakala kwamaminerali ngo-2015, ngakho-ke abacwaningi abavela eRussia Academy of Sciences badinge iminyaka eminingana ukunquma ukwakheka ngqo kwalokhu 'ucezu lwetshe'. Ngaphandle kokuqhubeka nokubambezela lolu lwazi, akutshele lokho ngokusobala I-98% yale minerali yakhiwe ngamakamacita, ingxubevange yensimbi ne-nickel etholakala kuphela kuma-meteorite.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, sikhuluma ngezinto ezijwayelekile noma ezingafani kakhulu zawo wonke ama-meteorite kodwa, uma uqaphela emaphesentini kusekhona u-2% wesakhi esifanayo samaminerali amaningana nawojwayelekile ama-meteorite. Into enelukuluku kunayo yonke ukuthi kulelo nani lezinto ezi-2% abacwaningi abakwazile ukuthola i- ukutholakala kwamaminerali okungaziwa ngokuphelele kuze kube manje, mime obhabhadiswe ngokusemthethweni njengo uyakita.

i-meteorite ngesiRashiya

I-Uakite iyiminerali enobulukhuni obufana nobezinga le-vanadium nitrate

Ngeshwa, nangenxa yobukhulu bamaminerali atholakalayo, sikhuluma ngobuningi be-Uakite enama-micrometer amahlanu kuphela, okungukuthi, cishe Iziphinda kabili izikhathi kunohlamvu lwesihlabathi. Ngenxa yokuthi inani lincane kakhulu, abacwaningi abebesebenza nalokhu okumbiwa phansi okungaphandle komhlaba abakwazanga ukuthola ukuthi injani, yize bazi ukuthi inzima ngokweqile, okusikisela ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi yakhiwa ngaphansi izimo ezimbi kakhulu zokushisa nokucindezela.

Njengoba kubonakala ephepheni elishicilelwe ngokusemthethweni yithimba labaphenyi laseRussia, ngokusobala i-Uakita inamakhemikhali afana ncamashi nalawo abizwa ngama-mononitrate ngoba ine-athomu elilodwa kuphela le-nitrogen esakhiweni sayo samangqamuzana. Njengomniningwane wokugcina, akutshele ukuthi namuhla ama-mononitrate asetshenziswa kakhulu njengama-abrasives ngoba wonke asezingeni lobulukhuni asondele kakhulu kunalawo wedayimane ngaphandle kokuweqa. Endabeni ethile ye-Uakita ubulukhuni bayo bufana kakhulu ne-vanadium nitrate futhi into esondele kakhulu ekhona eMhlabeni yinto yokwenziwa eyaziwa nge-boron nitrate.

Okwamanje iqiniso ukuthi kuncane okwaziwayo ngalolu hlobo lwento, noma imvelaphi yayo noma ukuthi yini esingayenza ngayo, yize, njengoba izinhloko zamanje zophenyo zikuqinisekisile, izoqhubeka nenkambo yayo kusukela, kuze kube manje, ngakho-ke bakwazile ukuqonda okuncane kakhulu ngalesi simbiwa esisha futhi kusenamathuba amaningi okuzuzwa zikhiqize ngokuzenzela njengakwezinye izimo eziningi ukuqhubeka nesifundo sayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   U-Emilio Crespo kusho

    Ingabe kuzoba yi-vibranium?