Izinkampani ezizimele zizoqala ukuthutha osomkhathi ziye e-ISS okokuqala emlandweni

Isikhumulo Sasemkhathini Samazwe Ngamazwe

La NASA, ngakho-ke singasho ukuthi i-United States yonke isenhlanhleni selokhu i-Space Agency yezwe edumile yagcina futhi ngemuva kokulinda isikhathi eside ikuqinisekisile ngokusemthethweni ukuthi bazoqala Uhlelo Lokuhwebelana Ngezentengiselwano. Lokhu kusho ukuthi ukuthunyelwa kosomkhathi abavela enhlabathini yase-US kuyasebenza, uhlelo obelumisiwe kusukela ngo-2011, usuku lapho i-ejensi yanquma ukuhoxisa i-Space Shuttle.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi futhi njengemininingwane engaphezulu kokuthakazelisa, ikakhulukazi ngekusasa lokuhlola isikhala, ngalolu hlelo olusha izinkampani ezimbili ezizimele zizophatha, ngokokuqala ngqa emlandweni, ukwenza lokhu kuthunyelwa kosomkhathi emkhathini, njengamanje ibhekiswe e-International Space Station. Ingqophamlando entsha emlandweni ekugcineni ezobonakala ngenxa yentuthuko yezobuchwepheshe etholwe yizinkampani ezifana SpaceX y Boeing, ezophatha ukunikeza ukwakheka nokusekelwa kwalolu hlelo olusha lwe-NASA.


Dragon

I-SpaceX neBoeing bakhethwe yi-NASA ukuhambisa osomkhathi babo emkhathini

Izindaba ezinhle ngokungangabazeki kulo lonke elase-United States njengoba kungezona izinkampani ezizimele kuphela ezizokwazi ukwethula uhlelo oluyingqayizivele, ekugcineni kukhombisa ukuthi namuhla banobuchwepheshe obanele bokwenza lo msebenzi. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, into ethakazelisa ngokukhethekile kuhulumeni wezwe laseNyakatho Melika, ekugcineni bazoma ngokuya ngeRussia ukwenza lo msebenzi, okuthile, njengoba ucabanga ngokuqinisekile, kusakazwe kakhulu ezweni.

Iqiniso elithandekayo ngeNASA ukuthi, ngokuyeka ukusebenzisa ubuchwepheshe baseRussia ukuthumela osomkhathi ku-International Space Station, kuzotholakala khipha ngemali engu-80 million dollars nge-astronaut ngayinye American ehamba emkhathini. Njengeqiniso elibalulekile, ngikutshele ukuthi enye yezinkinga ezinkulu zesikhwama seSoyuz esetshenziswa amaRussia kuze kube manje ukuthi, ezingeni lokwakha, inezitulo ezintathu kuphela, ezikukhawulela kakhulu ukusetshenziswa kwayo.

Inkanyezi ye-Boeing

Zombili izixazululo ze-SpaceX neBoeing zinikeza amandla okuthumela abantu abangafika kwabayisikhombisa ohambweni olulodwa

Ngokuya ngemininingwane ethe xaxa, insizakalo entsha i-SpaceX neBoeing abazoyinikeza i-NASA izoba ne-capsule enamandla omsebenzi wabasebenzi abayisikhombisa. Lapha sithola ngqo imininingwane okufanele siyicabangele nokuthi lokhu kwanda kwabagibeli akuyona leyo ngoba, njengoba kuchaziwe, zombili izikhala zeSpaceX neBoing okungenani izihlalo ezimbili ngokwethulwa ngakunye okumele kuhlalwe ngayo nabasebenzi nge izinjongo zokuhweba.

Ukuqhubeka nokucaciswa okumbalwa kwensizakalo okubonile ukukhanya, siyazi futhi ukuthi nge-SpaceX, ukwethulwa kwe-capsule yayo, kuzosetshenziswa irokhethi Falcon 9 ngenkathi, esimweni esithile seBoeing, ukusebenzisana kwe-United Launch Alliance namandla ayo I-Atlas V. Okwamanje eminye imininingwane ayaziwa, njengezindleko iNASA ezodinga ukuzithwala esihlalweni ngasinye, yize kulinganiselwa ukuthi kuzoba yingxenye yesithathu yalokho le nhlangano ekhokha amaRussia njengamanje.

I-ISS

Kulinganiselwa ukuthi izinsizakalo ezihlinzekwa yi-Boeing ne-SpaceX ku-NASA zizobiza ingxenye eyodwa kwezintathu zale nhlangano okwamanje ekhokhela abaseRussia

Okwamanje futhi kungekho usuku oluthile ozoqala ngalo uhlelo, into okufanele yenziwe emasontweni azayo, uma sazi ukuthi iNASA ihlela ukuluhlela izindiza ezimbili zokuhlola ukuhlola insiza, eyodwa yenkampani ngayinye kulezi ezimbili. Lapho izindiza zokuhlola sezenziwe, kuzophinde kwenziwe ezinye izindiza ezimbili, yize lezi ezimbili zokugcina zizogcinelwa iSikhungo Sasemkhathini Samazwe Ngamazwe. Lezi zindiza ezine zizoba nosomkhathi ngaphakathi futhi sezivele zihlelelwe ukwenziwa ngonyaka wezi-2019.

Isivivinyo sokuqala sizokwenziwa kwi-SpaceX's Dragon capsule e entwasahlobo ka-2019 ngenkathi indiza yokuhlola iBoeing kuzofanele silinde kuze kube okulandelayo ehlobo. Phakathi nengxenye yesibili yonyaka we-2019, kuya ngemiphumela yezivivinyo ezimbili ezedlule, kuzoqala ukuthunyelwa okokuqala kwi-International Space Station.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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