NASA ta fara kera jirgi mai girman gaske

NASA

Kamar yadda tabbas kun sani, tunda ba wannan bane karo na farko da muke magana game da wannan batun a cikin ActualidadGadget, NASA ba kawai tana aiki akan ci gaban ayyukan da suka shafi binciken sararin samaniya ba, har ma suna da wasu nau'ikan bincike a wasu fannoni da yawa da shi ana neman shi, misali kuma kamar yadda lamarin yake kawo mu, ƙirƙirar jirgin sama mai ban mamaki ya banbanta da duk abinda muka sani, musamman godiya ta iya sararin sama shiru.

A gaba, bari na fada muku cewa wannan sabon nau'in jirgin sama mai karfin gaske wanda Hukumar Kula da Sararin Samaniya ta Amurka ta ba da shi ga dukkan al'umma yana da kebantacciyar hanya ta musamman kuma hakan zai kasance a zahiri tsara, gina da gwadawa daga masana a kamfanin jirgin sama na Lockheed Martin da kamfanin soji, ɗayan kamfanoni masu aiki a wannan ɓangaren kuma tare da mafi girman suna godiya ga manyan ci gaban da injiniyoyinta suka samu tsawon shekaru.

Me yasa NASA ta damƙa aikin kamar wannan ga kamfani kamar Lockheed Martin?

Don fahimtar ɗan mafi kyau daidai gaskiyar cewa a cikin NASA sun sanya hannu kan kwangilar da aka kiyasta kusan dala miliyan 250 tare da Lockheed Martin Don na biyun ya tsara, ƙera da gwada sabon ra'ayi na jirgin sama mai girman kai, dole ne muyi magana game da binciken da aka gudanar game da tsarin Cikakken Supersonic Technology.

La'akari da 'yan bayanan da suka gudana a kan wannan binciken, da alama injiniyoyin Lockheed Martin sun sami damar samar da wani tsari wanda zai ba da damar jiragen sama su iya saurin gudu ba tare da hakan ba, saboda wannan, dole ne su fitar da wannan hayaniyar da ake kira'Albarkar Sonic', wanda ke faruwa yayin da jirgin sama ya isa kuma ya zarce saurin sauti. Maimakon 'Sonic Boom', jirgin sama zai samar da abin da ake kira 'Low Boom', ƙaramin ƙarami ƙasa.

Komawa zuwa sabon jirgin sama na NASA mai tsattsauran ra'ayi, ga alama wannan na'urar, wacce da zarar aka ƙera ta kuma aka ƙera ta zai shiga cikin jerin ayyukan da NASA's X-Plane division ke yi, yakamata ya iya isa hawa na tsawon mita 18.000 mai tashi sama da gudun kusan kilomita 1.500 a awa daya. Babu shakka fiye da bayanai masu ban sha'awa, kodayake, kamar yadda taken wannan shigarwar ya ce, watakila abin da ya fi ban sha'awa shi ne gaskiyar cewa, da zarar saurin sauti ya wuce, za a fitar da amo da ya kamata ya kasance a cikin 75 decibel wanda shine karar rufe kofar mota.

jirgin sama mai ban mamaki

NASA na sa ran wannan sabon jirgin saman da zai wuce nan da shekara ta 2025

Ofaya daga cikin wajibai da Lockheed Martin ya ɗauka shine a sami sabon samfurin jirgin sama a ƙarshen 2021 don haka gwajin farko na filin zai iya farawa a 2023. Albarkacin wadannan gwaje-gwajen, jirgin zai fara shawagi ta sararin samaniya a wasu biranen Amurka, kuma a 2025 zai fara shawagi a garuruwan birane da garuruwan karkara.

Godiya ga waɗannan jiragen gwajin, NASA za ta iya ƙirƙirar babbar rumbun adana bayanai tare da isassun bayanai don farawa shawarci masana’antu da injiniyoyi a duk duniya game da yadda ya kamata su yi kera jirgi mafi nutsuwa.

A matsayin cikakken bayani na ƙarshe, gaya muku cewa wannan ba shine kawai aikin da NASA ke gudanarwa a yau ba dangane da ci gaban sabon ƙarni na jirgin sama mai ban mamaki. A gefe guda, ba za mu iya kasa ambaton wani rukuni na ayyukan da kadan da kadan ake samun sani kuma hakanan, suna jan hankali sosai ga kowa, kamar kamfanin Boom, daidai da wanda aka biya kuɗi tare da jari daga Virgin Group da Japan Airlines ko wanda ke haɓaka, misali, iska.


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