AlphaZero ya riga ya fi kyau a wasanni daban-daban fiye da mutane

AlfaZero

Mun san ɗan lokaci cewa ɗayan rabe-raben na Alphabet, musamman wanda aka yi masa baftisma da sunan Deepmind, wanda ke kula da ci gaban ayyuka daban-daban da suka shafi duniyar fasaha ta wucin gadi a tsakanin kamfanin Arewacin Amurka, yana aiki ne kan samar da wata manhaja da za ta iya doke duk wani dan takarar mutum a wasannin tebur daban-daban.

Musamman ina son yin magana da kai game da software AlfaZero, wanda mun riga munyi magana akai tsawon lokaci kuma bayan watanni da yawa, wanda a ciki yaci gaba da haɓakawa, yayi nasarar inganta har ya zuwa yau cewa yau ta riga ta tabbatar da zama mafi kyawun ɗan wasa a duniya a kusan duka wasannin da ta sani. Mafi kyawun duk wannan, ko kuma aƙalla wannan shine abinda DeepMind ya tabbatar mana shine AlphaZero horo kawai yake.

go

AlphaZero ya riga ya zama mafi kyawun ɗan wasa a duniya a cikin da yawa daga cikin hadaddun wasannin jirgi da mutum ya kirkira

Kamar yadda zaku tuna, 'yan watannin da suka gabata injiniyoyin da ke kula da ci gaban AlphaZero sun riga sun inganta aikin su fiye da kowane mutum a cikin wasannin jirgi daban-daban. Bayan duk wannan lokacin, ga alama, waɗanda ke da alhakin yanke shawarar ƙarawa babban ci gaba ga kayan aikin kere kere na wucin gadi ta yadda wannan sabon sigar zai fuskanci na baya. Sakamakon ya kasance mai ban sha'awa, bayan awanni da yawa, wannan sigar ta riga ta kasance mafi kyau a duniya.

Tare da irin wannan damar don ci gaba, ba abin mamaki bane idan masu kirkirarta suka yanke shawarar daukar damarta zuwa wasu wasannin kwamiti kamar chess ko shogi, inda tuni ta sami nasarar zama mafi kyau a duniya a duka biyun duk da cewa, da kaina ya zama dole in yarda cewa shi Abinda yafi birgewa shine hanyar da wannan software 'koyi', tun da wadanda ke da alhakin kawai suna nuna mata ka'idojin wasa kuma su bar ta ta yi wasaA wasu kalmomin, wannan software ba ta neman zama mafi kyau a duniya, horo ne kawai.

chess

AlphaZero na iya horar da kanta

Wannan shine ainihin abin da zamu iya cirewa daga ƙarshe takarda waɗanda ke da alhakin ci gaban AlphaZero suka buga inda aka yi sharhi cewa bayan ci gaba mai tsada sosai dangane da aiwatar da lambar da gwajin gwaji, sun sami karfin su don bunkasa sosai. Misalin komai shine, don AlphaZero ya koyi yin wasa da Go, sun ƙara dokokin wasan ne kawai kuma sun sanya shi wasa da sigar da ta riga ta kasance mafi kyau a duniya ... bayan hoursan awanni kaɗan AlphaZero ya sami nasarar cin nasara ta Nasara 100 zuwa 0.

Idan aka fadada wannan ga sauran wasannin allo sai muka gano cewa wani abu makamancin haka ya faru, misali muna da shi a ciki chess inda, kawai ta hanyar sanin dokoki da bayan a horo na kawai 4 hours, AlphaZero ya sami damar doke komai kasa da Stockfish, ɗayan mahimman injunan dara a duniya. Muna da sabon misali a cikin shogi, wani nau'in wasa mai kama da dara amma na asalin Japan inda, tare da horo na awanni biyu ya yi nasarar zama wanda ba a iya doke shi.

shogi

Dalilin da DeepMind ke da shi ga wannan software shine don sa shi koyon komai da kansa

Tabbas a yanzu zaku iya fahimtar cewa AlphaZero daga ƙarshe ya zama ƙwararre a cikin wasannin jirgi kodayake, gaskiyar ita ce injiniyoyi da masana kimiyyar da ke bayan aikin ba sa neman wannan ƙarshen amma maƙasudin su ya fi girma, gudanar da fitar da dabarun koyon su zuwa aiwatar da su a wasu yankuna da yawa, wato, Suna neman cimma wani algorithm wanda zai iya koyon komai, wani abu mai kama da abin da ke faruwa da mutane.

Kodayake da alama dai har yanzu da sauran sauran rina a kaba, wani abu da yake gaskiya ne, dole ne muyi la’akari da babban ci gaban da suke samu a DeepMind tare da injina na kere kere, kamar canzawa da tsaftacewa a ƙimar kuɗi don haka tabbas kuma da sannu fiye da yadda muke tsammani, a ƙarshe zamu fuskanci fasaha ta wucin gadi wanda zai iya koyon komai, aiki, aiki ... da kansa ba tare da buƙatar bayani ba.

Ƙarin Bayani: MIT


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