Tsarin shuka na farko da ke iya canza CO2 zuwa dutse yana aiki

Abubuwan da aka bayar na Climeworks CO2

Daya daga cikin manyan matsalolin da ke fuskantar zamantakewar yau, kamar yadda kuka sani tabbas, yana cikin canjin yanayi da kuma munanan tasirin da tuni aka fara lura da su. Muna fuskantar matsala daidai da alama bamu da wata mafita mai sauki tunda bai wadatar ba kawai, kamar dai yana da kyau shuwagabannin mu, suna fitar da kasa carbon dioxide ko CO2 zuwa sararin samaniya tunda kawai zamu tara kuɗi kaɗan.

Tare da abin da ke sama, abin da nake son gabatar muku shi ne ra'ayin cewa akwai isasshen CO2 a cikin sararin samaniya don dumama duniya kuma canjin yanayi yana farawa wanda zai iya zama masifa. Ta hanyar fitar da ƙananan CO2, abin da kawai muka cimma, saboda haka, shine ƙara ƙasa da CO2 zuwa sararin samaniya yayin da, a cewar masana, abin da yakamata muyi, ban da waɗannan matakan, shine rabu da waɗannan ƙwayoyin daga yanayin domin yantar da ita.

Climeworks shine ke da alhakin ginin wannan masana'antar da ke iya fitar da iskar carbon dioxide daga sararin samaniya

Wannan ita ce daidai hanyar da suke ganin sun fara a ciki Islandia inda tuni suka fara aiki abinda ake ɗauka azaman shuka na farko da iska mai gurɓatacciyar iska CO2 na duniyarmu. Abin da ake nufi shi ne cewa muna hulɗa da tsire-tsire wanda aikinsa zai cinye carbon dioxide fiye da yadda zai fitar zuwa sararin samaniya.

Kamfanin da ya sami damar gina wannan sabon masana'antar ba wani bane face tushen asalin Switzerland wanda aka san shi da sunan Ayyukan Climeworks kuma ra'ayin da yake bayan aikin shi shine kera manyan injinan turbin wadanda zasu iya daukar iska mai yawa. Wannan iska dole ne ya ratsa cikin hadadden tsari tare da ikon rike kwayoyin carbon dioxide, kwayoyin da za a jagorantar dasu zuwa karkashin kasa zuwa gindin dutsen mai fitad da wuta.

A wannan lokacin ne, musamman ƙarƙashin ƙasa, inda carbon dioxide ko kwayoyin CO2 suna aiki da kimiyyar jiki tare da basalt, sun zama cikakke cikakke a cikin hanyar dutsen farar ƙasa. Godiya ga wannan hanyar, gwargwadon ƙididdigar kamfanin, masana'antar za ta sami ƙarfin cire kimanin tan 50 na iskar carbon dioxide daga iska kowace shekara.

makirci

Wannan tsiron yana da ikon cire ton 50 na carbon dioxide daga yanayi a shekara

Mahimmancin ma'anar wannan tsarin duka, kodayake bazai da yawa kuma yana iya canzawa sosai a nan gaba ta hanyar amfani da sabbin fasahohi, shine muna fuskantar shirin matukin jirgi. Game da fa'idodi da shi, kamar yadda masana da yawa suka tabbatar, saboda godiya ga gaskiyar cewa carbon dioxide ya zama dutse, ba lallai ba ne a kiyaye shi kuma a sa ido a cikin kowane irin ajiya na musamman.

Ko yaya ... Me yasa ba a halicci tsirrai irin wannan ba tsawon shekaru? Dangane da wasu muryoyi, fitar da iskar carbon dioxide daga sararin samaniya har zuwa yanzu ana la'akari da ita azaman shirin B Wanda ba sa son komawa gare shi saboda, tare da amfani da shi, ana iya yin watsi da fitar da hayaƙin carbon dioxide kuma hakan, daga baya, ana iya rage matsalar irin wannan shuke-shuke, wani abu da yake mafita, a cewar 'yan majalisar, kadan ne mai alhaki ne, saboda haka an fi so a iyakance hayaƙi da tabbatar da cewa an rage waɗannan zuwa matsakaicin.

A gefe guda, daya daga cikin rashin amfanin amfani da wannan tsarin shi ne batun tattalin arziki. Saboda wannan Ina so in koma ga wani rahoton da aka yi a ciki 2011 inda za a kashe farashin fitar da ton na carbon dioxide daga iska tsakanin $ 600 da $ 1000. A wannan gaba, ya kamata a lura da cewa, daidai godiya ga ci gaban fasaha da muka samu tun daga wannan lokacin, farashin ba shi da tsada, yana tsaye a $ 100 a kowace ma'aunin tan, farashin da za a iya yankewa cikin rabi da zarar wannan fasaha ta iya zama gwargwado


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