RUFE da mawuyacin manufa don tabbatar da wanzuwar al'amarin duhu

RASHI

Da yawa daga cikin masana kimiyya ne wadanda a tsawon shekaru suke aiki kusan kawai akan wani abu mai wahala kamar tabbatar da cewa duhun gaske yana wanzu. Bayan al'umma ta yarda da ƙarshe cewa a ka'idar ka'ida yana iya zama gaskiya cewa ya wanzu, ya rage don nuna duk wannan da gaske. Wannan shine babbar manufa ta RASHI (Mai Binciken Matsalar Duhu), wani bincike na kasar Sin wanda za'a harba zuwa sararin samaniya don kokarin gano daya daga cikin manyan sirrin zamaninmu.

Ko yaya ... Me yasa DAMPE ya zama na musamman? A cewar masana kimiyya wadanda suka yi aiki na tsawon shekaru wajen samar da wannan bincike kuma musamman wajen kirkirar wata hanya wacce za a iya tabbatar da cewa akwai duhu a tattare da ita, muna magana ne kan wani dandamali da zai iya auna kai tsaye kuma ba tare da an samu irin wannan ba. positrons da electrons daga wasu hasken rana.


duhu al'amari

DAMPE shine sunan da tauraron dan adam wanda ke kula da nuna cewa akwai duhu

Godiya madaidaiciya ga wannan damar kuma sama da duka saboda babbar fasahar kera kere-kere wacce aka baiwa wannan tauraron dan adam, da yawa daga cikin masana kimiyya ne wadanda suke son cigaba da amfani da DAMPE a yau. Tunanin shine kayi amfani da mafi kyawun karfinka don samun duk wadancan hanyoyin da ke da alaƙa da ƙarfin kuzari, wani abu da zai iya taimaka mana, bayan lokacin jira da yawa da kuma saka hannun jari na bincike, don lura da duhu sau ɗaya da duka.

A matsayin cikakken bayani, kamar yadda membobin wannan aikin suka bayyana kuma ya sabawa aikin da ake aiwatarwa a wasu binciken da yawa, an kammala shi Ba za a iya lura da duhu kai tsaye ba tunda a zahiri baya mu'amala ta kowace hanya da komai sai nauyi. Tare da wannan jigo a matsayin tushe, masu binciken sun so su tsara tsarin aikin da ya sha bamban da wadanda suka bunkasa. Godiya ga wannan hanyar aiki da fahimtar al'amarin duhu, halin yanzu wanda ke da mabiya da yawa, binciken, wanda aka fahimta azaman kayan aiki, yakamata ya iya auna abubuwan da aka samar a cikin halakar duhu.

Tunanin da masu binciken da ke wannan aikin suke da shi shine, idan a karshe al'amari mai duhu ya kasance kamar yadda muke tsammani ne, dole ne a aiwatar da tsarin lalata shi tare da duwatsun antimatter, wanda zai haifar da samar da nau'ikan positron da lantarki a cikin wani nau'in karfi mai karfi, daidai da cewa kawai Kewayon teraelectronvolts 2 zuwa 5, adadin da, duk da kasancewa mai tsayi sosai, ana iya auna shi da kayan aikin DAMPE.

RASHI

DAMPE kayan aiki ne da kwalejin kimiyya ta kasar Sin ta kirkira wacce ke aiki tun daga shekarar 2015

A matsayin cikakken bayani, zan fada maka cewa an harba DAMPE zuwa sararin samaniya a shekarar 2015 kuma shine kayan aikin kwalejin kimiyya ta kasar Sin ta tsara tare da haɗin gwiwar jami'o'i daban-daban kamar su Switzerland, China da Italiyanci. Yayin gininsa, tauraron dan adam ya kasance yana da kayan fasaha irin su injiniyoyi wadanda suka kware a cikin hasken gamma, wutan lantarki da kuma sararin samaniya, mai binciken layin masu binciken 'scintillation'don kauce wa kyawawan lahani har ma da mai canza tungsten mai bi.

A cikin ma'auninta na baya-bayan nan, Kwalejin Kimiyyar Kimiyya ta kasar Sin ta yi nasarar nuna abin da wannan abin al'ajabi na fasaha yake da shi, wanda, bayan duk wannan lokaci, a karshe a shirye yake ya taimake mu a cikin auna ma'aunin kwayoyi masu matukar karfi, wani abu da zai kasance na babban taimako don nemo abin da masana kimiyya da yawa basa jinkirta kira abu mafi wahala da muka taɓa nema. A matsayina na karshe, bari na fada muku cewa akwai sauran yan watanni da suka rage ga DAMPE don fara yin duk wadannan ma'aunai, sarrafa bayanan da kuma turawa Duniya domin masana kimiyya suyi nazari.


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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.