He aha ka helu ʻana i ka helu a ma hea e lawe ai iā mākou?

pūʻulu helu

I loko o nā mahina i hala aku nei ua nui nā mea i haʻi ʻia pūʻulu helu, kahi ʻenehana hou ʻaʻole i kānalua nā poʻe loea he nui e hoʻokaʻawale e like me ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā kamepiula, ʻoiai ka hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo me ka makaʻu ʻole e hewa ana aia nō ia i kona wā ʻōpio, ʻo ia hoʻi, pono mākou e hoʻolaʻa i kahi manawa he nui. i ka noiʻi a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana, hana ʻana i nā prototypes hou a me nā hoʻowalewale hoʻokolohua a hiki i hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohana maoli ia mea i nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole.

ʻOiai kēia, ʻoiai he nui nā hana e pono ai, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he nui nā ʻoihana ʻenehana kiʻekiʻe e hoʻāʻo nei e ʻike i ke ala maikaʻi loa e hoʻomaka ai. e hoʻohana pono i nā mea āpau a mākou e ʻike ai i kēia lā e pili ana i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa helu ʻana. Ma ke ʻano he kikoʻī, e haʻi iā ʻoe ma waena o nā ʻoihana nui e hana nei ma kēia kahua ʻike mākou iā IBM, Microsoft a i ʻole Google, ka hope a me ka paʻakikī o ka ʻike ʻana i ka hana o kēia ʻenehana i kēia manawa, ua hoʻolaha ʻia i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei prototype i kāhea ʻia ʻo D-Wave 2X, he a 100 mau manawa ka wikiwiki ma mua o kahi kamepiula maʻamau.

He aha ka helu ʻana i ka helu?

ʻO ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa Quantum kahi ʻenehana hou i kāhea ʻia, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻo ia ka i ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa. ʻO ka mea mua loa e pīpī nei e pili ana iā ia, ʻoiai mākou e hana nei me nā mea i kapa ʻia he bits, kahi hapa liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ʻelua mau waiwai (zero a hoʻokahi paha) i kēia ʻenehana hou a paʻakikī hoʻi, hana mākou ma ka mea i kapa ʻia nā puʻukū ma hea ʻaʻole hiki wale ke lilo i hoʻokahi a i ʻole hoʻokahi, akā hiki nō paha ke kau ʻia a hui pū ʻia paha o nā mea ʻelua.

I mea e wehewehe iki ai i kēia, pono mākou e kahakiʻi i ka physics a kikoʻī, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana o kekahi poʻe loea, ka kumu o ka mālama o ka ikehu, e like paha me ʻoe a e wehewehe ana i ka mālama ʻia o ka ikehu o kahi ʻōnaehana kaʻawale. ʻO ka mea a kēia kumumanaʻo i haʻi mai ai iā mākou, ma ke ʻano he laʻana, inā hiki iā mākou ke hoʻolālā i kahi ʻōnaehana kahi e hiki ai iā mākou ke kau i hoʻokahi aniani wale nō, ʻaʻohe huhū i loko o ia mea, a ke huli nei ia ma kahi o 5 mau kekona, no ka mea ʻaʻohe hoʻohuli kūwaho, e kaʻapuni mau ia i ka wikiwiki like.

ʻĀpana D-Wave

Ke hoʻomau nei me ka laʻana, e noʻonoʻo i kahi manawa i hāʻawi ʻia, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kā mākou kīʻaha i ʻelua. ʻAʻohe mana o waho, no laila e hoʻomau i kēia wikiwiki huli. I kēia ala, inā hoʻomau ka huli ʻana o kekahi o nā aniani ʻelua ma 5 mau kekona i kēlā me kēia kekona, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohuli i kahi ʻē aʻe inā ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi huli ʻana, kahi mea a ka physics i ʻōlelo ai ʻaʻole hiki. 'Tellslelo kēia kumumanaʻo iā mākou ināʻike mākou i ka wikiwiki o ka huli ʻana o kekahi o nā aniani, e ʻike aunoa ʻoe i kahi ʻē aʻe ʻoiai ua hoʻopili ʻia.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole maikaʻi paha ke laʻana, lana koʻu manaʻo ua hoʻomaopopo ʻoe ia, kōkua ia iā mākou e ʻike, ʻoiai ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā mokuʻāina o nā qubits hiki ke lilo i mau, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ka ʻO ka ʻike i ka mokuʻāina o kekahi e kōkua iā mākou e ʻike kikoʻī i ka mokuʻāina o kekahi, eia naʻe paha ka lōʻihi.

I kēia manawa, hiki i kēia ke lilo i mea paʻakikī hou aʻe ma muli o, i ka laʻana a mākou i hāʻawi ai, ʻike mākou i kekahi o nā moku i nīnau ʻia he wikiwiki a me ke kuhikuhi pololei, kahi mea i ka honua nui ʻaʻole ia ka hihia hou. hiki i nā ʻāpana ʻelua i kēia honua ke loaʻa i nā wikiwiki superimposed a me nā ʻaoʻao o ka huli ʻana, he aha ka mea e hana ai, i ka manawa o ke ana ʻana i ka wikiwiki, hoʻoponopono mākou i ka ʻaoʻao.

Hiki ke paʻakikī hou aku ka physics Quantum me ka overlap mokuʻāina, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo he palena iki kaʻu pae physics, ʻoiai manaʻo wau inā, ʻoiai ʻoiai inā he physicist ʻoe hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i kahi hemahema, manaʻo wau ua maopopo ka manaʻo e hoʻomau me ka helu ʻana i ka helu.

I ka manawa a mākou i hana ai me ke kumumanaʻo kino no kekahi manawa, ʻo ka manawa kēia e hoʻomau ai me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka nui a me nā qubits i maopopo i ke kumu e hiki ai i kēia ʻenehana ke ikaika loa. E noʻonoʻo he qubits kā mākou, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo wale nō, no ka laʻana, e hoʻohuli i hoʻokahi hapahā o ka huli e hoʻololi i kāna kaʻapuni a me ke kaʻina, a hāʻawi iā mākou i kahi hopena, me kahi hana hoʻokomo, loaʻa iā mākou ʻelua hopena.

Inā mākou e hoʻopili i ka pilikia i kahi mea hou aʻe ma ka hoʻohui ʻana i kahi qubit hou i ka hoʻohālikelike, loaʻa iā mākou he mau mokuʻāina pākahi, kāna oscillation a me ka oscillation pākū a me ka oscillation a me ka horizontal o ka qubit ʻē aʻe, i kēia manawa, ma ka hoʻohuli ʻana i kekahi o lākou he hapahā huli Ua hoʻololi ʻia ʻehā mau palena, ʻo ia hoʻi me kahi hana hoʻokomo, hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia i ʻehā mau hana.

Ma ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā qubits hou i ka hana, hiki ke ulu nui ma nā ʻōlelo o nā hana i hoʻokō ʻia me hoʻokahi wale nō hana komo. E noʻonoʻo e loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōnaehana kahi mākou i nā qubits kahi kahi o ka helu āu e koho ai ma ke koho wale ʻole, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, kahi hale kūʻai qubit e pili ana i kāna oscillation ākea a me nā qubits āpau o ka ʻōnaehana, me kahi hoʻololi hiki iā mākou ke hōʻea i hana 2 hāpai i kahi hana.

E waiho iki i kēia kumumanaʻo a hoʻokomo i kēia mau mea āpau i ka hana, e noʻonoʻo e hoʻomalu ʻoe i kahi kī WPA2-PSK no kāu hōʻailona WiFi, ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia kī me ka ʻole o nā huaʻōlelo maoli a ʻaʻohe polokalamu i ka honua e hiki ke hana hiki i ka hoʻouka puke wehewehe ʻōlelo ke ʻike ia. Kohu mea lā a e like me ka poʻe loea, e hoʻohana nei i kahi huaʻōlelo 10 huaʻōlelo, lawe paha kahi kamepiula maʻamau i nā makahiki he nui e hāpai ana i ka hōʻeha ikaika. Inā hoʻohana kēia kamepiula, ma kahi o ka lakohana maʻamau, hoʻohana i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa helu ʻana, he mau kekona ka lōʻihi i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hopena.

Ke lawe nei ke kamepiula helu iā mākou?

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia manawa ʻaʻohe mea i ʻike i ka mea a mākou e manaʻo ai mai kahi ʻenehana e like me kēia, ʻoiai paha, ʻo ke ala ʻoi loa e hoʻomaopopo ai i hea mākou i kēia lā e hoʻāʻo e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā lono āpau i loaʻa i nā ʻoihana ʻenehana nui. hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā mahina i hala iho nei. nā kime o nā kānaka noiʻi e hana luhi ʻole nei i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka ulu ʻana o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka nui ma nā lakohana a me nā pae lako polokalamu.

Wahi a nā hana hou loa ma Google Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e pili ana i kekahi ʻano mea hou, i kēia kahua ʻike mākou ke lana nei ko lākou manaʻo e lilo i ʻoihana me ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka helu o ka helu ʻana i ka manawa pōkole. Pēlā ka hihia a lākou e manaʻo nei e hiki i kēia anuu mua o kēia makahiki 2017 mahalo i ka ulu ʻana o kā lākou D-Wave mahalo nui, i loaʻa hou nei ʻeono puʻupuʻu qubit.

inoaia

Inā mākou e hoʻomau me ka mea hou i paʻi ʻia e nā kāne mai Google, ʻike mākou he hana mua wale nō kēia mai ka manawa aku, me he mea lā, ua hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomohala i kahi hana hana hou e ʻae iā lākou, a i ʻole ʻo John Martinis i hōʻike, ke poʻo o Google pūʻulu noiʻi e pili ana i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka nui, e wikiwiki i ka wikiwiki. ʻAe kēia iā lākou e hana i kēia lā ma nā hoʻolālā chip hou o ma waena o 30 a me 50 qubits.

Ma ka lima ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole poina iā Google no ka nui o ka mana lako pono hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa, pono ʻoe i lako polokalamu hiki i ka par a, hāʻawi ʻia i ka loea o kēia ʻano ʻōnaehana, i kēia manawa ʻaʻole maopopo iā mākou pehea e hoʻomohala ai i kahi ʻōlelo i hiki ke hoʻohana i nā mea āpau o kēia ʻenehana, eia naʻe, ʻuʻuku, ʻo ia ke hoʻokō ʻia nei hoʻi e hana i nā hanana hou i kēia kahua i hiki ke loaʻa nā hopena kūikawā a hoʻohana ʻia i nā kumuhana e like me ka palekana, cryptography a i ʻole ka ʻike hana.

Ke haʻalele nei iā Google e pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana IBM, kahi hui ʻaʻole paha e hele i ke kaua me kāna mau holomua a e hele paha ia 'iā ia iho' akā ke hana nei i nā holomua nui mahalo, no ka laʻana, i ka manaʻo o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā ʻano mea hoʻomohala. pili pū. ʻO kāna ka manaʻo kikoʻī o hana i paena kahi e hiki ai i kekahi mea hoʻohana ke hoʻokau i kā lākou ʻelima qubit chip i ka hoʻāʻo.

Ma ke'ano o Microsoft, i kekahi mau mahina i hala aku nei ua loaʻa iā mākou ka ʻike e hana mau nei lākou i kā lākou ala maʻamau o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka helu ʻana i ka helu, pili ʻana i ke ala ʻokoʻa loa mai kēlā i lawe ʻia e nā hoa paio i kēia lāhui kūlike e like me Google a me IBM. ʻO ka manaʻo nui e hana pū me ka helu kūhelu scalable. E hoʻomohala i kēia manaʻo, ua hoʻolimalima ka hui i kekahi mau mea noiʻi kaulana e hoʻomohala i ka mea i kapa ʻia topological qubits, kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka interlacing o nā hunaahi i kapa ʻia ʻo anyones e like me ka physics e noho wale ana i nā ana ʻelua.

Makemake wau e hoʻopau i ka hihiʻo a lākou i loko Intel, kahi a lākou e pili pono ai i ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā transistors silikone no kēia ʻenehana hou a i ʻole ka papahana hoihoi i hoʻomohala ʻia a hana pū ʻia e ka Kulanui o Bristol a me ka Hui NTT Mai a lākou i hoʻokele ai e hoʻomohala i kahi puʻupuʻu photonic i hiki ke lilo i kumu no ka multitasking i ka helu ʻana i ka helu. Ma ke ʻano he kikoʻī, e haʻi iā ʻoe e like me nā mea e mālama ana, mahalo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēia puʻupuʻu hou, nā hana i hala a hala ka makahiki holoʻokoʻa hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia i loko o kekahi mau hola wale nō, kahi mea e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano o ka paʻakikī o ka mea like. ʻoi loa kona mana weliweli.

ʻOiai ʻo ka miniaturization, ke kaʻina hana a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe e hana ʻia nei e hoʻokō, i kēlā me kēia makahiki, e hiki ai ke ulu a hāʻawi i nā kamepiula ikaika, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo ka wā e hiki mai ana e lawe i kēia ʻenehana i nā home āpau. E ʻike ʻia inā hiki maoli iā Google ke hoʻomohala i kahi ʻāpana 50-qubit i ka hopena o kēia makahiki, ʻoiai mākou e ʻike he ʻano papa kēia o nā hui. nā loea i ka hana ʻana i ka lā ʻāpōpō i ka mea a mākou i manaʻo ai he hiki ʻole i kēia lā.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

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