Ntchito yomanga imayambira pa telescope ya $ 1.000 biliyoni

telesikopu

Kwa nthawi yayitali zawonetsedwa kuti, ngakhale zili choncho mabizinesi atha kukhala odabwitsa monga omwe amatibweretsa pamodzi lero, chowonadi ndichakuti zotsatira zomwe zapezeka mdziko la zakuthambo zikutithandiza kwambiri kudziwa malo omwe atizungulira bwino, makamaka pakatikati komanso patali, kumvetsetsa kwakanthawi nthawi zonse kuti telescope ngati iyi itha kugwira ntchito .

Kupatula izi zonse, chowonadi ndichakuti dziko la zakuthambo lili ndi mwayi kuyambira pomwe lidayamba kumanga womabatizidwa ngati Telescope Yaikulu Ya Magellan, chida chomwe chidzakhala chachikulu kwambiri komanso champhamvu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi chikadzakhazikitsidwa 2024. Chida ichi, monga akunenera akatswiri azakuthambo ambiri, chithandizira akatswiri kuti aphunzire zakuthambo zakale ndikufufuza ngati pali zamoyo zakuthambo.

telescope imagwira ntchito

Ngati palibe kuchedwa pantchitoyo, Giant Magellan Telescope ikuyembekezeka kutsegulidwa mu 2024

Kupita mwatsatanetsatane, monga zidatsimikizidwira panthawiyo, telescope yayikulu komanso yamphamvu iyi idzamangidwa mkati mwa maofesi a Chiwonetsero cha Las Campanas, malo okhala m'chipululu cha Atacama (Chile). Pachifukwa ichi, ntchito yomanga idayenera kupangidwa molingana ndi chida chotere, chomwe chidzapangitse malo mkati mwa chida chomwe kulemera kwake kudzakhala kopitilira matani 900, kulemera komwe kwapangitsa kuti ogwira ntchito akuyenera kuboola dzenje. kuposa mamita 7 mozama pa kama.

Monga m'modzi mwa omwe ali ndi udindo pakumanga Giant Magellan Telescope wanena kuti:

Kuti muchite ntchitoyi, pakufunika kuti pakhale chitsulo choonera telescopic chomwe kulemera kwake kuli pafupifupi matani 1.000. Nyumbayi idzakhala mkati mozungulira mozungulira momwe mungakwere nkhani za 22 kutalika ndi 56 mita kutalika.

GMT

Giant Magellan Telescope idzakhala yayikulu kwambiri komanso yamphamvu kwambiri padziko lapansi

Ponena za kapangidwe kake, kuthandiza akatswiri a zakuthambo kuti aphunzire zakuthambo, telescope yatsopano ndi yopangidwa ndi magalasi asanu ndi awiri mainchesi 8 ndi theka m'mimba mwake, lililonse limalemera pafupifupi matani 20. Ntchito yolumikizana yamagalasi onsewa ipereka malo osonkhanitsira opepuka pafupifupi kukula kwa bwalo la basketball.

Kuphatikiza pamwambapa, telescope iyenso ndidzakhala ndi 'chamawonedwe optics' kutengera kugwiritsa ntchito makina a laser omwe angayese kupotoza komwe kumayambitsidwa ndi dziko lapansi. Chida ichi chidzakonza kusokonekerako ndikupanga zithunzi zowoneka bwino. Kutengera zomwe zidasindikizidwa mu tsamba la pa tsamba za ntchitoyi:

Magalasi a Giant Magellan Telescope azitenga zowunikira kuposa ma telescope ena onse omwe adapangidwapo Padziko Lapansi ndipo chisankhocho chidzakhala chopambana kwambiri mpaka pano.

Ngati tiwona izi kwakanthawi, kuyerekezera uku kukuwonetsa kuti zithunzi zomwe zatengedwa ndi telesikopu iyi zidzakhala mpaka kumveka bwino maulendo 10 kuposa omwe Hubble Space Telescope idapereka kuchokera ku NASA.

Magellan

Ichi chidzakhala chimodzi mwazida zomwe zingatithandize kudziwa ngati tili tokha kapena ayi mlengalenga

Lingaliro lakapangidwe ka telesikopu yazikhalidwezi ndikupanga chida champhamvu chomwe cholinga chake ndikuthandizira pofufuza milalang'amba yomwe ili m'thambo lakuya, ngakhale itha kutenga gawo lofunikira pakupanga funso loti kaya moyo padziko lapansi ali yekha m'chilengedwe kapena ayi.

Mwanjira imeneyi, Giant Magellan Telescope iyenera kutsatira njira yofananira ndi ya KASA ya NASA, momwemonso zikwizikwi zamagulu atsopano apezekanso. Kusiyana pakati pa ziwirizi kumapezeka m'mawu opangidwa ndi Patrick McCarthy, Mtsogoleri wa polojekiti:

Pulaneti ikadutsa patsogolo pa nyenyezi yake, telescope yayikulu pansi, monga Giant Magellan Telescope, itha kugwiritsa ntchito zowonera pofufuza zala za mamolekyulu mlengalenga.


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