Momwe mungadziwire ngati WiFi yanga yabedwa

Wifi

Chofala kwambiri ndikuti kulumikizidwa kwa intaneti m'nyumba mwathu ndikokhazikika ndipo kumagwira ntchito moyenera. Chifukwa chake, tikayamba kukhala ndi mavuto ndi WiFi, monga kulumikizana kumachedwetsa kapena kusokoneza popanda vuto laukadaulo lomwe limafotokoza, titha kuyamba kukayikira kuti pali wina amene amatha kugwiritsa ntchito netiweki yathu. Chifukwa chake tikufuna kudziwa ngati zili choncho.

Gawo labwino ndiloti pakhala pali njira zambiri zopezera mphamvu dziwani ngati wina akubera WiFi yathu. Mwanjira iyi, titha kuwona ngati pali wina wakunja kwa nyumba yolumikizidwa ndi netiweki yathu. Chifukwa chake, titha kuchitapo kanthu.

Pakadali pano, chifukwa chakukula kwa zida zamitundu yonse, ndikosavuta kuposa kale kuti wina athe kugwiritsa ntchito netiweki ya WiFi. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kuti tikhale tcheru ndikuwona ngati pali wina amene angakhale ndi mwayi wosaloledwa. Zizindikiro zazikulu zomwe zikuwonetsa izi ndi zomwe zidatchulidwa kale. Mwina kulumikizana kumachedwa pang'onopang'ono, kapena kutsika pafupipafupi.

Momwe mungadziwire ngati wina andibera WiFi

Tili ndi njira zosiyanasiyana zomwe zikutilola kutsimikizira izi. Titha kugwiritsa ntchito ena mapulogalamu, opezeka pa Windows, iOS, kapena mafoni a Android, yomwe mungapeze izi. Chotsatira tidzatchula ndendende zosankha zomwe tili nazo pankhaniyi.

Kugwiritsa ntchito rauta

Timayamba ndi njira yosavuta, koma itha kukhala yothandiza kwambiri. Popeza mwa mawonekedwe owoneka bwino titha kuwona ngati pali wina amene angathe kugwiritsa ntchito netiweki ya WiFi. Timachotsa zida zonse zomwe talumikiza panthawiyi ku netiweki yopanda zingwe, kaya ndi kompyuta kapena foni. Chifukwa chake, tiyenera kuyang'ana nyali pa rauta.

Ngati mutachotsa zida zonse, Tikuwona kuti kuwala komwe kumawonetsa WiFi mu rauta kumangowalira, izi zikutanthauza kuti pakadali kufalitsa kwachidziwitso. Chifukwa chake, pali wina amene akugwiritsa ntchito netiweki imeneyi. Zomwe zimatithandiza kutsimikizira zokayika zathu.

Zida za Windows

Wopanda makina osatsegula

Ngati tikufuna kukhala ndi chitetezo chonse pankhaniyi, titha kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu ena apakompyuta. Timayamba ndi zosankha zomwe titha kutsitsa mu Windows m'njira yosavuta. Chimodzi mwazodziwika bwino komanso chodalirika kwambiri pamundawu ndi Woyang'anira Maukonde Opanda zingwe. Ndi chida chomwe chidzayang'anira kusanthula ndikuwona zida zolumikizidwa pa netiweki nthawi imeneyo.

Tikamachita izi, zitiwonetsa pazenera zida zomwe zikugwirizana ndi WiFi yathu. Pamodzi ndi chida chilichonse chimatipatsa zambiri, monga adilesi ya IP kapena MAC. Kuti tithe kuzindikira aliyense, motero tidziwe omwe ali athu. Chifukwa chake titha kudziwa ngati pali ena omwe siife.

Chifukwa chake, titha kuwona ngati pali wina yemwe sitikumudziwa kapena si wa kwathu amene akugwiritsa ntchito netiweki yathu yopanda zingwe. Izi zikutsimikizira kukayikira komwe tidali nako, ndipo titha kuchitapo kanthu. Mmodzi wa iwo atha kukhala sinthani password yanu ya WiFi kunyumba. Izi zitha kuthandiza ndipo munthu ameneyo sangathe kulumikizanso netiweki. Titha kusinthanso rauta, m'njira yoti tilepheretse adilesi ya MAC kupatula ya zida zathu kuti zisafike pa netiweki. Kumapeto kwa nkhaniyi tikukuwonetsani.

Mutha kudziwa zambiri za Wireless Network Watcher ndikutsitsa pamakompyuta anu ku kugwirizana. Kwa makompyuta a Windows tili ndi njira ina yomwe ikupezeka, yomwe imakwaniritsa ntchito yofananira, yomwe ndi kudziwa ngati pali wina amene amagwiritsa ntchito WiFi yathu. Chida ichi chimatchedwa Microsoft Network Monitor, que Mutha kutsitsa pa ulalowu.

Zida za Mac

Wireshark

Kwa ogwiritsa ntchito kompyuta ya Apple, laputopu ndi desktop, tili ndi chida china chomwe chingatithandize. Poterepa ndiye Wireshark, zomwe zingamveke bwino kwa ambiri a inu. Ndi ntchito yomwe yakhala ikupezeka pamsika kwanthawi yayitali. Cholinga chake ndikuti muwone ngati pali wobisalira wolumikizidwa ndi netiweki ya WiFi yanyumba yathu nthawi ina.

Chifukwa chake, Wireshark ikasungidwa pakompyuta yathu, titha kuwona ngati pali wina yemwe siili mnyumba yathu yolumikizidwa ndi netiweki yopanda zingwe. Ndi chida chathunthu chomwe amatipatsa zambiri zapa netiweki yakunyumba, kuphatikiza ngati wina ali pa intaneti. Zitithandiza kuwona ngati izi zilidi choncho, kuti munthu wina walumikiza.

Kwa iwo omwe akufuna kugwiritsa ntchito Wireshark pa Mac, amatha kutsitsa kugwirizana. Pulogalamuyi ndi imagwirizananso ndi Windows 10, ngati pangakhale ena mwa inu amene mukufuna kuchilandira. Idzagwira ntchito popanda vuto.

Pankhani ya Mac, tili ndi chida china, chomwe chimagwiranso ntchito kwa ogwiritsa ntchito Linux monga opareting'i sisitimu, Kodi Angry IP Scanner ndi chiyani?. Dzinalo limatipatsa kale lingaliro la magwiridwe ake. Ili ndi udindo wofufuza ma netiweki a WiFi ndipo titha kuwona adilesi ya IP yazida zolumikizidwa. Ipezeka pa download pano.

Zida za Android ndi iOS

Fing

Tilinso ndi kuthekera kwa dziwani ngati wina abera WiFi kunyumba pafoni yathu. Pachifukwa ichi tiyenera kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yomwe imapereka chidziwitso ichi. Njira yabwino, yopezeka pa Android ndi iOS, ndi pulogalamu yotchedwa Fing. Mutha kutsitsa Apa pa iOS. Ngakhale ilipo Apa za Android

Fing ndi sikani yomwe ingatero pezani zida zonse zolumikizidwa ndi netiweki ya WiFi. Tikatsitsa pafoni, zonse zomwe tiyenera kuchita ndikulumikiza ndi netiweki yomwe ikufunsidwa ndikuyamba kusanthula. Patapita masekondi angapo idzatiwonetsa zida zonse zolumikizidwa.

Chifukwa chake zidzakhala zosavuta kwa ife kudziwa ngati pali wina wolumikizidwa ndi netiweki yathu. Titha kuwona dzina lachida ndi adilesi yake ya MAC, mwa zina. Zambiri zomwe zingatithandizire, popeza titha kuletsa adilesiyi ndikulepheretsa kulumikizana ndi netiweki.

Konzani rauta

Kukonzekera kwa rauta

Monga tanena kale, titha sintha rauta m'nyumba mwathu kuti ma adilesi a MAC asalumikizidwe zomwe siziri za zida zathu. Mwanjira iyi, titha kuletsa munthu yemwe sitikufuna kulumikizana ndi WiFi kunyumba kwathu, kapena kuntchito. Muyenera kuchita zingapo.

Tiyenera kulowa rauta. Kuti muisinthe mu Windows, muyenera lembani pachipata cha msakatuli (Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala 192.168.1.1). Koma, ngati mukufuna kufufuza kuti mutsimikizire, pitani ku bokosi lofufuzira pa kompyuta yanu ndipo lembani "cmd.exe", yomwe idzatsegule zenera loyitanitsa. Ikatsegulidwa, timalemba "ipconfig" kenako deta idzawonekera pazenera. Tiyenera kuyang'ana pagawo la "Default gateway".

Timakopera chiwerengerocho mumsakatuli ndikusindikiza kulowa. Icho chidzatitengera ife ku kasinthidwe ka rauta yathu. Pulogalamu ya lolowera achinsinsi nthawi zambiri kubwera muyezo pa rauta lokha, ndipo nthawi zambiri amalembedwa pachomata kumunsi. Chifukwa chake ndikosavuta kudziwa. Timalowa, ndipo tikalowa mkati timapita ku gawo la DHCP, pamakhala china chotchedwa "log", momwe timawona zida zolumikizidwa.

Titha kuwona zambiri za iwo, monga adilesi ya IP kapena adilesi ya MAC, kuphatikiza siginecha za chipangizocho (mwina Windows, Mac, iPhone kapena Android, pakati pa ena). Zitithandiza kudziwa ngati pakhala pali wina amene walumikiza. Kuphatikiza apo, titha kukhazikitsa rauta kuti tiletse ma adilesi a MAC omwe siali azida zathu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.